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date: 10 August 2022

poverty and health 

Source:
The Oxford Companion to Medicine
Author(s):
Andrew P. HainesAndrew P. Haines

Absolute poverty refers to a standard of minimum requirement, and relative poverty refers to falling behind most others in a given community. Poverty is usually held to include social dimensions — for example, the inability to participate fully in the social life of a community or country. Impoverished people experience powerlessness, their bargaining power reduced by work insecurity, lack of resources, and lack of income. They are often vulnerable to external risks, including natural disasters.... ...

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