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date: 05 March 2024

Gates, Robert Michael (b. Wichita, Kansas, 25 Sept. 1943) US Secretary of Defense 2006–11 

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History

Christopher Riches,

Jan Palmowski

Gates studied European history at William and Mary College in Williamsburg, Virginia, graduating in 1965, and was recruited by the CIA shortly afterwards. Being conscripted, he was obliged to serve in the US Air Force for two years, but he then rejoined the CIA. He received a PhD in Russian and Soviet history from Georgetown University, Washington, in ... ...

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