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date: 11 July 2020


A Dictionary of Contemporary World History

Christopher Riches,

Jan Palmowski

Developed into a consistent, individualistic theory by Pierre Joseph Proudhon (b. 1809; d. 1865), it started as a movement which rejected large-scale property and the state. Instead, anarchists supported decentralized, local/communal forms of authority, and promoted the self-help of workers. In a change of emphasis, at the turn of the century many anarchists focused on the revolutionary ideas of Bakunin to create a new social order through violent action and terrorism. This led to the assassinations of the Austrian Empress Elizabeth (... ...

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