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date: 25 May 2024

Shangshan Culture [CP] 

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology

Timothy Darvill

Early Neolithic culture dated to the period 8000 bc to 5000 bc along the lower Yangtze region of China. Investigated sites include Shangshan and Xiaohuangshan, both villages of up to 5 ha with rectangular houses up to 14 m long. Burials are located on the edge of the villages, but not clustered. The economy was based on hunting, gathering, and fishing, with some exploitation of wild rice. Pottery was common, slab-moulded or coil made with flat bottoms. Decoration increases through the lifespan of the Shangshan Culture. Stone items include balls, digging stick weights, adzes, chisels, and grinding stones.... ...

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