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date: 03 July 2020

Abdu, Muhammad (1849–1905) 

A Dictionary of Politics in the Middle East

Kristian Coates Ulrichsen

Egyptian religious scholar and one of the founders of Islamic modernism. A student of Jamal al-Din al-Afghani at Al-Azhar University in Cairo, Muhammad Abdu drew on al-Afghani’s advocacy of pan-Islamism as a tool of resistance to European colonialism. Abdu became a leading figure in an intellectual movement that sought to reform and strengthen Islam to better adapt to the demands of ‘modernity’ and address the political dominance of ‘modern’ European colonial powers in the Arab world. Abdu’s works countered notions of automatic obedience to religious dogma and argued for a balance between reason and revelation.... ...

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