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date: 11 August 2020

Anglo–Sikh Wars (1845, 1848–9) 

Source:
A Dictionary of Sikh Studies
Author(s):

Pashaura Singh

The first Anglo–Sikh War broke out in 1845, six years after the death of Mahārājā Raṇjīt Siṅgh in 1839, when the Lahore court was in serious disorder and the army was beyond control. The British had a secret understanding with the Dogras in the Lahore court, and they sent the army under the pretext of restoring order in the Punjab. The Punjabi army succumbed due to the stiff resistance from the troops and treachery on the part of their commanders. The Britsih annexed the Jalandhar Doab, gave permission to Gulab Singh Dogra to purchase Jammu and Kasmir, and reduced the Punjabi army in strength. A British force was stationed at Lahore, while the child Duleep Singh remained on the throne. Dalhousie, the governor general of India, encouraged the continuous crisis in the Punjab. An incident in Multan triggered the second Anglo–Sikh War in 1848–9. The Sikhs fought vigorously, defeating the British in Chillianwala, but finally the Punjabi army lost the war due to the treachery of inimical forces. At the end of the second Anglo–Sikh War, the remainder of the Punjab was annexed to British India. The minor Mahārājā Duleep Siṅgh was taken into custody and sent into exile to England.... ...

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