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date: 01 June 2020

American Labor and Working-class History, 1900–1945 

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Urban History
Jeffrey HelgesonJeffrey Helgeson

American trade unionists entered the 20th century battered by a series of savage defeats which, by 1896, brought the end of an era when millions of Americans had joined mass movements seeking alternatives to corporate-dominated, wage-labor capitalism. Labor reformers’ post-Civil War dream of emancipating American laborers from the wage system and their hopes for the creation of a producers’ republic based on principles of cooperation and commonwealth had been shattered in Chicago’s Haymarket Square on ... ...

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