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date: 19 June 2021

Counterinsurgency in United States Army History, 1860–1975 

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Foreign Relations
Robert J. ThompsonRobert J. Thompson

In contrast to conventional battles between opposing forces in which a clear divide exists between counterparts, counterinsurgency lacks such distinction. Counterinsurgency as a mode of warfare features blurred lines with low-intensity fighting transpiring asymmetrically between disproportionately equipped opponents. Moreover, counterinsurgency often involves noncombatants, with civilian populations caught between supporting the insurgents or the military force sent to combat the guerrillas. Although counterinsurgency is not unique to American military history, the lessons upon which the United States developed its understanding of counterinsurgency largely stems from the US Army’s experiences between the late 1800s and 1960s.... ...

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