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date: 19 October 2019

Coaching Behavior and Effectiveness in Sport and Exercise Psychology 

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology
Ronald E. SmithRonald E. Smith, Frank L. SmollFrank L. Smoll

Coaches occupy a central role in sport, fulfilling instructional, organizational, strategic, and social relationship functions. Athletes’ skill acquisition, success, enjoyment, continued participation, and physical and psychological well-being are all strongly influenced by coaching behaviors. Not surprisingly, therefore, research on coaching behaviors and their consequences has been a strong focus of research in sport and exercise psychology. This body of scientific literature illustrates important reciprocal linkages between theory, research, and practice. This review focuses on three central facets of this research literature: measurement of coaching behaviors, relations between coaching behaviors and other variables, and interventions designed to enhance coaching practices.... ...

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