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date: 07 August 2020

Organized Crime and Criminal Networks in Africa 

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Politics
Mark ShawMark Shaw, Tuesday ReitanoTuesday Reitano

In his seminal article, Charles Tilly (1985) argued that the transition from conflict to state-making, at least in Europe, relied heavily on the legitimization of the classic tactic of organized crime—the economy of protection, monopolizing violence in order to leverage taxation from those under your protection. In Africa, organized crime and criminal networks have been an integral part of the formation and evolution of independent, postcolonial states, but they have done little to contribute to state-building.... ...

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