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date: 30 October 2020

Political Parties and Regime Outcomes in Multiparty Africa 

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Politics
Adrienne LeBasAdrienne LeBas

Most African countries now hold multiparty elections of varying quality. The bulk of these multiparty election regimes were inaugurated in the early to mid-1990s after periods of military, single-party, or unstable authoritarian rule. In other parts of the world, transitions to multiparty democracy often marked a decisive break with the authoritarian past. In Africa, however, former authoritarian leaders and their parties were often successful in managing political opening in ways that would preserve their power and access to state resources, and they contested and often won founding multiparty elections (... ...

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