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Subscriber: null; date: 05 December 2019

Civil Service Examinations Kējǔ 科举‎ 

Source:
Berkshire Encyclopedia of China
Author(s):
Benjamin A. ElmanBenjamin A. ELMAN

The civil service examination system, a method of recruiting civil officials based on merit rather than family or political connections, played an especially central role in Chinese social and intellectual life from650 to 1905. Passing the rigorous exams, which were based on classical literature and philosophy, conferred a highly sought-after status, and a rich literati culture in imperial China ensued. ...

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