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date: 07 July 2020

Africa, Southern  

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Southern Africa was settled by hunter-gatherers about 50,000 years ago. Settlement brought changes to the landscape, such as woodland cleared for habitation and agriculture. European colonization further changed southern Africa’s environments; monocrop plantations (where one crop is grown on the same land every year) replaced native plants. Although rapid population growth and economic development stressed natural resources, southern Africa led conservation initiatives in the twentieth century. ...

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