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date: 29 March 2020

Alain Badiou’s New Constructivism and Universalism 

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Communication and Critical Cultural Studies
Antonio CalcagnoAntonio Calcagno

Alain Badiou (b. 1937) is a leading figure in contemporary French philosophy and theory. His work defends the possibility of truth-based constructivism and universalism rooted in multiplicity and difference. His view of difference lies in opposition to post-structural and postmodern views in that it never occupies a primary or archaic structuring force, as it does for thinkers such as Derrida or Lyotard. For Badiou, differentiation stems from a multiplicity already at play in a situation or the evenemental and from the new order produced by an event. Mathematically speaking, the multiplicity contained in any set consists of differentiated individual elements: Different constitutive elements of a set can be retrospectively counted and ordered by the regime-changing force of an event.... ...

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