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date: 15 July 2020

ABAHAI, Nov. 28, 1592–1643, Sept. 21, known in official accounts as Huangtaiji 皇太極‎ (Khungtaiji), 

Eminent Chinese of the Qing Period
Fang Chao-yingFang Chao-ying

was the eighth son of *Nurhaci. He had two reign titles, Tiancong 天聰 (1627–36), and Chongde 崇德 (1636–44). His mother, Empress Xiaoci ... ...

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