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Macedonia

An ancient country in south-east Europe, at the northern end of the Greek peninsula, including the coastal plain around Salonica and the mountain ranges behind. In classical times it was a ...

Macedonia

Macedonia (Greece, USA)   Quick reference

The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...to Greek Macedonia. They suggested that if the name Macedonia was to be used it should come with a geographical qualifier, such as Northern Macedonia, or that the new republic should be called the Republic of Skopje or the Vardar Republic. However, in April 1993 , Macedonia was formally admitted to the UN under the name of ‘The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia’ (FYROM) (Macedonian: Poranešna Jugoslovenska Republika Makedonija). No solution has yet been found to this emotive issue and it remains under discussion. In its new constitution Macedonia was...

Macedonia

Macedonia   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
583 words

... . The term “Macedonia” applies both to a region in the south-central Balkans and to a country, the Republic of Macedonia. The larger region historically included territories that are today in the Republic of Macedonia, Bulgaria, and Greece. When new nation-states emerged in the Balkans late in the nineteenth century, Greece, Serbia, and Bulgaria maneuvered to establish ethno-religious claims in Macedonia, while Austria-Hungary and Russia sought to maintain the status quo. At the same time, the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization ( IMRO )...

Macedonia

Macedonia   Reference library

Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière Hammond

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
865 words

...centuries after the collapse of Macedonian power. See colonization, Hellenistic ; Hellenism and Hellenization . W. A. Heurtley , Prehistoric Macedonia (1939); M. Sakellariou (ed.), Macedonia: 4,000 Years of Greek History and Civilization (1983); N. G. L. Hammond , A History of Macedonia 1–3 (vol. 2 with G. T. Griffith, vol. 3 with F. W. Walbank) (1972–88), The Macedonian State (1989), and The Miracle that Was Macedonia (1991); E. N. Borza , In the Shadow of Olympus (1990). R. Errington , History of Macedonia (1986; Eng. trans. 1990); R....

Macedonia

Macedonia   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
60 words

... (or Macedon ) An ancient country in south-east Europe, at the northern end of the Greek peninsula, including the coastal plain around Salonica and the mountain ranges behind. In classical times it was a kingdom, which under Philip II and Alexander the Great became a world power. The region is now divided between Greece, Bulgaria, and the Republic of Macedonia...

Macedonia

Macedonia   Reference library

Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière Hammond

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
839 words
Illustration(s):
1

... ( see Map 1, Ba ) By its geographical position Macedonia forms the connecting link between the Balkans and the Greek peninsula. Four important routes converge on the Macedonian plain: from the Danube via the Morava and Axius valleys, from the Adriatic via Lake Ochrid, from Thrace via Mygdonia, and from the Greek peninsula via Tempe . In climate Macedonia is intermediate between Europe and the Mediterranean. The original Macedonia was Pieria and Mt. Olympus , and from there the Macedonians acquired the coastal plain of the Thermaic Gulf, which has...

Macedonia

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A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
109 words

... Territory in NE of * Greece . Its rulers Philip II and * Alexander III (‘the Great’) created an empire from * Egypt to India, and Greek culture spread throughout the world. Alexander died in 323 bce and the empire fell apart. In 148 bce the Romans established Macedonia as a province with a capital at * Thessalonica . They built a great road, the Via Egnatia, to Byzantium in Asia Minor, and this must have been invaluable to Paul (Acts 16: 11–17: 1). Paul's visits to Macedonia are mentioned in his correspondence (1 Thess. 2: 2; 2: 17–3: 2;...

Macedonia

Macedonia   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,403 words
Illustration(s):
2

... Macedonia Basic information Land area: 26,000 sq. km People: Macedonian 64%, Albanian 25%, Turkish 4%, Roma 3%, Serb 2%, other 2% Language: Macedonian, Albanian, Turkish, Serbian, other Religion: Macedonian Orthodox 65%, Muslim 33%, other 2% Government: Republic Population (2017 estimate): 2.08 million Percentage urban: 57.1% Population estimate for 2035: 2.05 million Life expectancy at birth 2015: 77.9 (F), 73.2 (M) Capital city: Skopje, 503,000 Currency: Macedonian denar Major exports: chemicals, metals, machinery, garments,...

Macedonia

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A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,060 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Macedonia ( Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, FYROM ) A landlocked Balkan country which has recently achieved remarkable political stability in the face of domestic and regional tension. Early history Macedonia had been part of the Ottoman Empire since 1317 . A nationalist movement, IMRO ( Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization ), was founded in 1893 . After the first Balkan Wars ( 1912–13 ), Macedonia was partitioned mostly between Serbia and Greece, with a small part being retained by Bulgaria. Thus occupied by Central Powers ...

Macedonia

Macedonia   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
1,839 words

...cereal agriculture and stock raising. Villages in Macedonia such as Nea nikomedia are some of the earliest Neolithic settlements known in Europe . The pottery vessels, stone tools and clay figurines found here have parallels at early farming villages in the (former Yugoslav ) Republic of Macedonia and Serbia as well as Albania —a clear indication that the new techniques were passed on to south-east Europe from Macedonia . Bronze tools first appeared around 2500 bc , but their use in Macedonia was not accompanied by the widespread economic...

Macedonia

Macedonia   Reference library

Dr Caroline Gilby MW

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... , country in the central Balkans, bordered by bulgaria , serbia , kosovo , albania , greece , officially the Republic of Macedonia but still described by the UN as FYROM (Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia) due to an ongoing dispute over the name Macedonia, which Greece has registered as a pgi . The geographical and historical region of Macedonia covers a much larger area, including parts of Greece and south-western Bulgaria. At one time, under the rule of Philip II ( 359 bc ) and then his son Alexander the Great (until his early death in ...

Macedonia

Macedonia   Reference library

Maria Kaneva-Johnson

The Oxford Companion to Food (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

... bears the name given in antiquity to the region which was the heart of the empire of Alexander the Great and has survived in various shapes and sizes, and under various sovereignties, until in 1992 it left the Yugoslav Federation to become an independent state. Here, living side by side, are Turks, Greeks, Gypsies, Albanians, Jews, Vlachs, Serbs, as well as the Macedonians who form the greater part of the population. The ethnic mix has given rise to the French culinary term macedoine . The long hot summers of the region herald the Mediterranean...

Macedonia

Macedonia   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
1,844 words
Illustration(s):
1

...rule until 1912 , when it was taken over by Serbia. Macedonia was part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia before World War II and later became a constituent republic of the Federal Socialist Republic of Yugoslavia ( 1945–92 ). I. Architecture . II. Decorative Arts . III. Museums . I. Architecture . Under Ottoman rule architecture in Macedonia was predominantly Islamic, with the most intensive building activity occurring in the 15th and 16th centuries. Notable examples of Ottoman architecture in Macedonia include: the Sultan Murat Mosque ( 1436 ) in Skopje;...

Macedonia

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The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
666 words

...in Thrace and Macedonia active in 801/2 . At the same time, a 9th-C. seal of Leo , spatharios and tourmarches of Macedonia (Zacos, Seals 1, no.2147), shows that Macedonia was first a tourma of Thrace. In 813 , however, the patrikios John Aplakes served as strategos of Macedonia. Several seals of various strategoi of Macedonia belong to the 9th C. The office of the strategos of Macedonia is mentioned in the earlier taktika but not in the Taktikon of the Escurial of 971–75 ( Oikonomides , Listes 355); the theme of Macedonia was probably...

Macedonia

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Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
350 words

... links the Balkans and the Greek peninsula. Four important routes converge on the Macedonian plain. Hesiod considered the ‘Macedones’ to be an outlying branch of the Greek‐speaking tribes, with a distinctive dialect of their own. He gave their habitat as ‘Pieria and Olympus’. A new dynasty, the Temenids, ruling the Macedonians, founded their early capital at Aegae c. 650 bc , and thereafter gained control of the coastal plain as far as the Axius. The Persian occupation of Macedonia 512–479 bc brought benefits. Xerxes gave Alexander 1 I ...

Macedonia

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Ekaterini G. Tsalampouni

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
7,209 words

... When Paul visited Macedonia in the mid-first century c.e. it had already been a Roman province for almost two centuries. In 168 b.c.e. Perseus’s army was defeated at Pydna during the Third Macedonian War. In the aftermath of this decisive battle the Macedonian kingdom was divided into four administrative districts ( merides ), each having its own capital: Amphipolis of the first district, Thessaloniki of the second, Pella of the third, and Pelagonia of the fourth. These administrative districts are also mentioned in relation to Paul’s visit to the...

Macedonia Prima

Macedonia Prima   Reference library

Alexander Angelov

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... Prima and Macedonia Salutaris ( Secunda ) Two Late Roman provinces in the central Balkans . The Verona List refers to a single province of Macedonia in the Dioecesis Moesiae . The Notitia Dignitatum ( or . I, 76 and 125 and III, 9, 13 and 19) included two provinces of Macedonia, that of Macedonia governed by a Consularis in the Dioecesis Macedoniae , and Macedonia Salutaris under a Praeses , divided between the reorganized Dioeceses Daciae and Macedoniae. Hierocles in the 6th century says that the Consiliarius of Macedonia...

Macedonia, cults

Macedonia, cults   Reference library

Manfred Oppermann and Nora Mitkova Dimitrova

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
605 words

..., cults Nowadays historians generally agree that the Macedonians form part of the Greek ethnos ( see ethnicity ; Macedonian language ); hence they also shared in the common religious and cultural features of the Hellenic world. Consequently most of the gods worshipped in Greece can also be found in Macedonia. However, regional characteristics have to be noted. Especially in the areas bordering on Thrace and among the Paeonians in the north—though these had early contacts with the Macedonians in the centre—local deviants in cult and religion have...

Macedonia, Republic of

Macedonia, Republic of   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
619 words
Illustration(s):
4

...Macedonia declared its independence on 18 September 1991 , avoiding the civil war that shattered other parts of the former Yugoslavia. However, Macedonia ran into problems concerning recognition. Greece, considering Macedonia to be a Greek name, vetoed any acknowledgement of an independent Macedonia on its borders. It also objected to a symbol on Macedonia's flag associated with Philip of Macedon, and a reference in the country's constitution to the desire to reunite the three parts of the old Macedonia, which includes Greek territory. Macedonia adopted...

Macedonia, Republic of

Macedonia, Republic of   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
389 words
Illustration(s):
1

...beverages, and textiles being important industries. Food, beverages, and tobacco are important exports. Macedonia has close economic links with the EU and its currency, the denar, is pegged to the euro. History The country comprises part of the area of Macedonia , which was divided in 1913 between Greece and Serbia. The Serbian part of Macedonia was known as southern Serbia from 1918 until 1947 , when it became the Republic of Macedonia within the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, with its own regional Parliament. Following elections in 1990 the...

Macedonia, Kingdom of

Macedonia, Kingdom of   Quick reference

Dynasties of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
History
Length:
469 words

.... Bibliography Borza, E. N. , In the Shadow of Olympus: the Emergence of Macedon (Princeton, 1990). Errington, R. M. , A History of Macedonia (Berkeley, 1990). Hammond, N. G. L. , et al. , A History of Macedonia (3 vols., Oxford, 1972–88). March, D. A. , ‘The Kings of Makedon, 399–369 bc ’, Historia , XLIV (1995), 257–82. Roisman, J. and I. Worthington , eds., A Companion to Ancient Macedonia (Oxford,...

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