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Macedonia

An ancient country in south-east Europe, at the northern end of the Greek peninsula, including the coastal plain around Salonica and the mountain ranges behind. In classical times it was a ...

Macedonia

Macedonia (Greece, USA)   Quick reference

The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...to Greek Macedonia. They suggested that if the name Macedonia was to be used it should come with a geographical qualifier, such as Northern Macedonia, or that the new republic should be called the Republic of Skopje or the Vardar Republic. However, in April 1993 , Macedonia was formally admitted to the UN under the name of ‘The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia’ (FYROM) (Macedonian: Poranešna Jugoslovenska Republika Makedonija). No solution has yet been found to this emotive issue and it remains under discussion. In its new constitution Macedonia was...

Macedonia

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Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
583 words

... . The term “Macedonia” applies both to a region in the south-central Balkans and to a country, the Republic of Macedonia. The larger region historically included territories that are today in the Republic of Macedonia, Bulgaria, and Greece. When new nation-states emerged in the Balkans late in the nineteenth century, Greece, Serbia, and Bulgaria maneuvered to establish ethno-religious claims in Macedonia, while Austria-Hungary and Russia sought to maintain the status quo. At the same time, the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization ( IMRO )...

Macedonia

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Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière Hammond

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
865 words

...centuries after the collapse of Macedonian power. See colonization, Hellenistic ; Hellenism and Hellenization . W. A. Heurtley , Prehistoric Macedonia (1939); M. Sakellariou (ed.), Macedonia: 4,000 Years of Greek History and Civilization (1983); N. G. L. Hammond , A History of Macedonia 1–3 (vol. 2 with G. T. Griffith, vol. 3 with F. W. Walbank) (1972–88), The Macedonian State (1989), and The Miracle that Was Macedonia (1991); E. N. Borza , In the Shadow of Olympus (1990). R. Errington , History of Macedonia (1986; Eng. trans. 1990); R....

Macedonia

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A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
60 words

... (or Macedon ) An ancient country in south-east Europe, at the northern end of the Greek peninsula, including the coastal plain around Salonica and the mountain ranges behind. In classical times it was a kingdom, which under Philip II and Alexander the Great became a world power. The region is now divided between Greece, Bulgaria, and the Republic of Macedonia...

Macedonia

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Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière Hammond

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
839 words
Illustration(s):
1

... ( see Map 1, Ba ) By its geographical position Macedonia forms the connecting link between the Balkans and the Greek peninsula. Four important routes converge on the Macedonian plain: from the Danube via the Morava and Axius valleys, from the Adriatic via Lake Ochrid, from Thrace via Mygdonia, and from the Greek peninsula via Tempe . In climate Macedonia is intermediate between Europe and the Mediterranean. The original Macedonia was Pieria and Mt. Olympus , and from there the Macedonians acquired the coastal plain of the Thermaic Gulf, which has...

Macedonia

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A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
109 words

... Territory in NE of * Greece . Its rulers Philip II and * Alexander III (‘the Great’) created an empire from * Egypt to India, and Greek culture spread throughout the world. Alexander died in 323 bce and the empire fell apart. In 148 bce the Romans established Macedonia as a province with a capital at * Thessalonica . They built a great road, the Via Egnatia, to Byzantium in Asia Minor, and this must have been invaluable to Paul (Acts 16: 11–17: 1). Paul's visits to Macedonia are mentioned in his correspondence (1 Thess. 2: 2; 2: 17–3: 2;...

Macedonia

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A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,403 words
Illustration(s):
2

... Macedonia Basic information Land area: 26,000 sq. km People: Macedonian 64%, Albanian 25%, Turkish 4%, Roma 3%, Serb 2%, other 2% Language: Macedonian, Albanian, Turkish, Serbian, other Religion: Macedonian Orthodox 65%, Muslim 33%, other 2% Government: Republic Population (2017 estimate): 2.08 million Percentage urban: 57.1% Population estimate for 2035: 2.05 million Life expectancy at birth 2015: 77.9 (F), 73.2 (M) Capital city: Skopje, 503,000 Currency: Macedonian denar Major exports: chemicals, metals, machinery, garments,...

Macedonia

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A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,060 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Macedonia ( Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, FYROM ) A landlocked Balkan country which has recently achieved remarkable political stability in the face of domestic and regional tension. Early history Macedonia had been part of the Ottoman Empire since 1317 . A nationalist movement, IMRO ( Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization ), was founded in 1893 . After the first Balkan Wars ( 1912–13 ), Macedonia was partitioned mostly between Serbia and Greece, with a small part being retained by Bulgaria. Thus occupied by Central Powers ...

Macedonia

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The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
1,839 words

...cereal agriculture and stock raising. Villages in Macedonia such as Nea nikomedia are some of the earliest Neolithic settlements known in Europe . The pottery vessels, stone tools and clay figurines found here have parallels at early farming villages in the (former Yugoslav ) Republic of Macedonia and Serbia as well as Albania —a clear indication that the new techniques were passed on to south-east Europe from Macedonia . Bronze tools first appeared around 2500 bc , but their use in Macedonia was not accompanied by the widespread economic...

Macedonia

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Dr Caroline Gilby MW

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... , country in the central Balkans, bordered by bulgaria , serbia , kosovo , albania , greece , officially the Republic of Macedonia but still described by the UN as FYROM (Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia) due to an ongoing dispute over the name Macedonia, which Greece has registered as a pgi . The geographical and historical region of Macedonia covers a much larger area, including parts of Greece and south-western Bulgaria. At one time, under the rule of Philip II ( 359 bc ) and then his son Alexander the Great (until his early death in ...

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