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boxing

Developed from uncontrolled encounters, in which wrestling, kicking, gouging, biting, hair‐pulling, and kicking opponents when down were practised. Early prize fights went on until one of ...

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Visual English Dictionary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
43 words
Illustration(s):
3

... ring boxer punchbag ring Keywords apron boxer canvas corner corner pad corner stool judge physician referee ring post ring step ringside rope second timekeeper trainer turnbuckle boxer Keywords bandage boxing gloves boxing trunks cup protector glove gumshield headgear lace punchbag Keywords...

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Food and Fitness: A Dictionary of Diet and Exercise (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... Boxing is an arduous contact sport requiring very high levels of physical fitness and controlled aggression. There is little doubt that professional boxing is dangerous and can cause serious, even fatal injuries. Many people believe that it is unacceptably hazardous and should be banned. However, supporters of amateur boxing, including some physicians, believe that the amateur code should be considered differently from the professional code. They emphasize that the main aim of amateur boxing is to score points and not to knock out the opponent. Therefore,...

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A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
103 words

... developed from uncontrolled encounters, in which wrestling, kicking, gouging, biting, hair‐pulling, and kicking opponents when down were practised. Early prize fights went on until one of the combatants could not continue. By 1838 London Prize Ring rules were in use, with a roped‐off ring. The Queensberry rules from 1867 onwards took some time to establish themselves: they included padded gloves, 3‐minute rounds, and a 10‐second knock‐out. The Amateur Boxing Association was set up in 1880 and boxing was brought into the Olympic Games in 1904 . In...

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
178 words

...by a ringside referee or three judges. Boxing developed from bareknuckle fighting when the Marquess of Queensberry's rules introduced timed rounds and padded gloves in 1866 . Despite worldwide popularity, boxing is under pressure to introduce further safety measures or be abolished, with brain damage, comas and deaths worryingly regular. The international sport is now controlled by three major rival organizations: the World Boxing Association ( WBA ), the World Boxing Council ( WBC ), and the International Boxing Federation ( IBF...

boxing

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Robert Leslie Howland and Stephen J. Instone

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
167 words

... In Greek and Roman boxing there was no classification of competitors by weight and so the advantage was generally with the heavier man. The Greeks bound leather thongs (ἱμάντες) round their wrists and knuckles, to protect them rather than to increase the severity of the blow. Sometimes the fingers, or some of them, were left free, though this may have been the practice in the pankration rather than specifically boxing. For training they used softer padded gloves (σφαῖραι). Body-blows were not generally used and the face was always the principal target....

Boxing

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Edward R. BEAUCHAMP, David LEVINSON, and Stan SHIPLEY

Berkshire Encyclopedia of World Sport (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
4,315 words

...is corruption. One major appeal of boxing for fans is betting on their fighter. In the past the fixing of matches was a serious issue, although since the crackdown on organized crime’s control of boxing in the 1950s it is now less common. The issue now is the fixing of rankings by the competing boxing associations. Professional boxing matches are sanctioned and boxers ranked by four competing organizations—the World Boxing Association, the World Boxing Council, the World Boxing Organization, and the International Boxing Federation. Observers charge that...

boxing

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J. A. Cannon

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
172 words

...time to establish themselves: they included padded gloves, 3-minute rounds, and a 10-second knock-out. Weight divisions were gradually introduced where previously heavyweights had dominated. The Amateur Boxing Association was set up in 1880 and boxing was brought into the Olympic Games in 1904 . In professional boxing, the British Board of Control has supervised since 1919 , though international authorities have proliferated. The introduction of radio and then television has vastly increased the purses which boxers can command. J. A....

boxing

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The Oxford Companion to Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
1,415 words

...when a boxer first applies for a license. The great debate With all this medical background to the trauma of boxing, it might seem surprising that this sport is allowed to continue in a civilized society. Thus ensues the great boxing debate. The first question is whether boxing is really a noble art, or whether it provides a Roman holiday for a crude populace. Whatever medical, and particularly neurological, disorders may be a consequence of boxing, they will be of little avail to those who wish to curb or control ‘the sport’, unless the social and immediate...

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A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
732 words

...of a nation, ethnic group, or race. The moral controversy over boxing is simple: how can an activity whose primary goal is to render an opponent defenceless and senseless be considered an acceptable form of sport in a civilized age? A legal ban on boxing in Sweden in 1970 was questioned and reframed 35 years later, and live boxing bouts can still fill halls in large cities and provide lucrative schedules for international broadcasts. Prior to the codified form of the sport, bare-knuckle boxing provided bloody spectacles for gentry and common people alike,...

boxing

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The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
253 words

...boxing has only occasionally attained a high profile in Ireland. The Irish Amateur Boxing Association ( IABA ) was formed in Dublin in 1911 , though individual clubs had existed for some years. The sport was encouraged by both the police and the army, and in Trinity College . Despite the murder of the IABA chairman, a policeman, in 1920 , there was great continuity in amateur boxing after partition . The IABA continued as an all‐Ireland body, and the Gárda Síochána and Free State army emerged as the sport's main sponsors. The National Boxing...

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