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Crown Investments Corporation of Saskatchewan

Crown Investments Corporation of Saskatchewan  

The holding company for provincial Crown corporations and portfolio investments in a variety of commercial enterprises. Its holdings in 2003 accounted for 15 per cent of Saskatchewan's gross domestic ...
direct investment

direct investment  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Investment in a foreign country by either setting up a business unit or acquiring a locally based company (cf. portfolio investment; transplant).
foreign institutional investment

foreign institutional investment   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Business and Management in India

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
51 words

...foreign institutional investment ( foreign portfolio investment , FII ) An investor or investment fund registered in one country undertaking investment in another country. In the case of India, investments involving a stake of less than 10 per cent are treated as FIIs. Typical FII institutions include pension funds, banks, and sovereign wealth...

investment abroad

investment abroad   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
589 words

...influence its policies, and share in its profits. Unlike the fixed nature of indirect investment, portfolio investment is more footloose; shares can be sold at the owner's whim. Each form of investment carries implications for national sovereignty. A high bonded indebtedness can restrict a nation's freedom of economic action, placing it at the mercy of foreign bankers (and more recently such agencies as the International Monetary Fund). Portfolio investment can divorce a nation from control over its industrial base and its ability to generate technology and...

Crown Investments Corporation of Saskatchewan

Crown Investments Corporation of Saskatchewan   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
207 words

...Investments Corporation of Saskatchewan . The holding company for provincial Crown corporations and portfolio investments in a variety of commercial enterprises. Its holdings in 2003 accounted for 15 per cent of Saskatchewan's gross domestic product and about 9 per cent of total employment in the province. Assets totalled about $8 billion, of which $7.5 billion was attributable to four major Crown corporations, three of which were utilities (SaskPower, SaskTel, SaskEnergy) and one an insurance company (SGI Canada). In addition to the Crowns, cic has...

foreign direct investment

foreign direct investment   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...FDI almost inevitably delivers economic development benefits. ‘For host economies, especially developing ones, FDI from other developing countries can add to inflows of other external financial resources, including FDI from developed countries, commercial bank lending, portfolio investment and ODA. For poorer developing countries, it can be significant, accounting for over half of total FDI inflows into several LDCs’ (UNCTAD 2006 ). However, J. Dunning ( 1997 ) characterizes FDI as a bearer of scarce capital and technology that lacks both local linkages and...

Foreign Exchange Reserves

Foreign Exchange Reserves   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,782 words
Illustration(s):
2

...servicing and portfolio investment liabilities and thus provided the much-needed insurance against any external shock and consequent run on the currency. This ratio has gone up to 352 per cent in 2007–8 primarily because of the rapid build-up of reserves in that year. The build-up in reserves ensured that the economy could absorb, without much difficulty, a net outflow of nearly $10 billion from portfolio investments in 2008–9. As a result of these outflows, the ratio of foreign exchange reserves to total debt servicing and portfolio investment liabilities...

multinational corporations

multinational corporations   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
650 words

...dependent on attracting and benefiting from Foreign Direct Investment (‘FDI’), the main type of investment carried out by MNCs. FDI consists of investment involving not only finance but also management of productive assets in the host country. This may be contrasted with portfolio investment which provides finance without direct managerial control. As providers of long‐term FDI, major MNCs are therefore central to the development process. Specifically, this has raised concerns as to the effects of the economic power of MNCs on market structure, with the risk...

balance of payments

balance of payments   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
525 words

...remittances, and transfers. 2. The Capital Account includes all flows that directly affect the national balance sheet. Every transaction here is an asset-related flow: • Direct investment by foreign firms in the home country and by home firms in foreign countries • Portfolio investments by domestic residents in foreign securities and by foreign residents in domestic securities • Changes in cash balances held by banks and other foreign exchange dealers resulting from current and capital transactions • Changes in foreign exchange reserves held by official...

Balance of Payments

Balance of Payments   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
601 words

...transfers. The current account mirrors a country's domestic accounts, i.e., a current account deficit reflects more domestic spending than saving and vice versa. The second set of categories is the “capital account”: inward and outward flows of direct investment, portfolio investment, long-term loans, and short-term capital. The third set involves the items constituting a country's reserves: monetary gold, special drawing rights (SDRs), IMF credit, and foreign exchange assets. In principle, changes in a country's reserves must offset any difference...

Balance of Payments

Balance of Payments   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
1,332 words

...counties. Examples of this include foreign aid donated from one country to another and remittances sent by immigrants in one country to their relatives in another country. The capital account measures net exports of capital in two basic areas: portfolio investment and direct investment. Portfolio investment includes purchases and sales of securities changes in bank deposits. Direct investment involves control and ownership of productive facilities outside the home country. This category thus would include purchases and sales of factories, mines, and...

Investment Law, Foreign

Investment Law, Foreign   Reference library

Kate MILES

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
3,112 words

...the potential for substantial economic benefits and increased standards of living, but also the risk of detrimental social and environmental effects. Foreign Direct Investment Inflows The term foreign investment encompasses both foreign direct investment and foreign portfolio investment. Foreign direct investment is defined by the U.N. Conference on Trade and Development ( UNCTAD ) as investment involving a long-term relationship and reflecting a lasting interest and control by a resident entity in one economy (foreign direct investor or parent enterprise)...

Foreign Direct Investment for Media

Foreign Direct Investment for Media   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...etc. 49 includes FII Cable network 49 includes FII DTH 49 s.t. 20% for individual Terrestrial broadcast FM 20 FII only Print media Science/professional journals 100 Newspapers 26 Periodicals News and current affairs 26 Others 100 Note : FII=Foreign institutional investors (portfolio investment). Reciprocity Principle We should have no objection in principle to publications on culture, society, and entertainment being published and sold in India as long as this is not at the expense of Indian culture and social norms and practices. Globalization of culture must,...

Balance of Payments

Balance of Payments   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...〈 8 per cent export) and lump-sum payment (〈 Rs 1 crore). Any FDI or technology import outside these limits had to be approved by a newly created Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB). India was among the early openers of the equity market to foreign portfolio investment, with direct portfolio investment by foreign institutional investors (FIIs) allowed in 1992–3. At this time the degree of openness was greater than in almost all East and Southeast Asian emerging economies. Only Mexico started a country fund for foreign equity investment about six years...

Convertibility

Convertibility   Reference library

Ashok V. Desai

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...(BOP); to augment foreign exchange reserves, NRIs were permitted to place deposits in special accounts with banks in India. In 1968 they were allowed to lend to private and government companies and to set up partnerships with residents. Approval was also extended to portfolio investment by them in and through government financial institutions. These efforts to attract NRI money were largely a failure till after 1973 . Then the emigration of Indian workers to the booming oil economies of the Middle East led to a flood of inward remittances. There had been...

Foreign Direct Investment

Foreign Direct Investment   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...Direct Investment Foreign direct investment (FDI) involves foreign investors taking a controlling and lasting stake in productive enterprises. This is unlike foreign portfolio investments that represent minor equity or debt holdings through stock markets by foreign investors only to seek returns on investments and not management control. FDI inflows are generally associated with multinational enterprises (MNEs) that have operations and production facilities across the world. FDI flows generally come as capital bundled with technology, skills, and...

International Finance

International Finance   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...through effects on macroeconomic variables. The components of the BOP capital account are foreign investment, net commercial borrowings, net non-resident Indian (NRI) deposits, net external assistance, rupee debt service, and other capital. Foreign direct and foreign portfolio investments are non-debt-creating inflows. The first is the most stable of the various categories. Debt-creating inflows, and short-term debt in particular, carry a higher risk of reversal, but the share of short-term debt in India’s total debt has been falling. The current account...

Barbados

Barbados   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
1,657 words

...quality services in the economy have enhanced the idea that Barbadians are experiencing economic relations that are comparable with those obtained in North Atlantic countries. Banks and insurance companies have opened up the market for credit facilities, mortgages, and portfolio investments to a level that has placed unprecedented levels of disposal income in the hands of the average consumer. The result has been that consumer durables expenditures continue to be a reliable source of activity that drives the expansion of the distributive sector. With the recent...

Foreign Institutional Investment

Foreign Institutional Investment   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,077 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Institutional Investment In 2004–5 portfolio investments in India accounted for about 62 per cent of total foreign investment in the country and at about 1.29 per cent of the gross domestic product (GDP) well exceeded the current account deficit (0.95 per cent of GDP). Foreign Institutional Investors’ (FIIs) investments accounted for about 97.5 per cent of this. Ever since the opening of the Indian equity markets to foreigners, FII investments have steadily grown from about Rs 2,600 crore in 1993 to over Rs 48,000 crore in 2005. At the end of June 2006,...

Foreign Investment

Foreign Investment   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,643 words

...banks ( Goldman Sachs , Kühn Loeb , Dillon Read ) in New York. They established bridges with the City of London to issue bonds and launch underwriting operations in London, where securities were brokered on the Continent to banks' customers, which favored foreign portfolio investments ( FPIs ). The U.S. railways bonds met great success when regional (from the 1850s) and then transcontinental or transregional lines—53,000 miles (85,000 kilometers) in 1870 , and 250,000 miles (402,000 kilometers) in 1913 —absorbed large amounts of European capital. The...

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