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Overview

geocoding

A method of classifying personal data according to the place of residence, using precise indicators such as postal or zip codes. This is a useful device for many epidemiological studies ...

geocode

geocode   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
112 words
geocode

geocode   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
113 words
GeoCode

GeoCode   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Abbreviations

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Language reference
Length:
3 words

... geographic...

geocoding

geocoding   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Marketing (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
41 words

... The process whereby addresses are segmented by county, district, road, etc., in order to compare them with information about the demographics and psychographics of those geographies. Geocoding is integral to demographically enhanced mailing lists and cluster analysis. See also geodemographics...

geocoding

geocoding   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... ( georeferencing ) The process used to convert location codes, such as street addresses or postal codes, into geographic (or other) coordinates. Geocoding software is available online, and can offer services such as converting postcode to longitude/latitude, or longitude/latitude to...

geocoding

geocoding   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
27 words

... The addition of locational referents, such as latitude and longitude coordinates, to objects so that they can be accurately mapped and spatially modelled; sometimes called...

geocoding

geocoding   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...geocoding ( georeferencing ) A method of classifying personal data according to the place of residence, using precise indicators such as postal or zip codes. The process whereby addresses are segmented by county, district, road, etc. to compare them with information about the demographics of those geographies. The addition of locational referents, such as latitude and longitude coordinates, to objects or other entities, so that they can be accurately mapped and spatially modelled; sometimes called georeferencing. It is essential for demographically enhanced...

geocoded data

geocoded data   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...geocoded data Addresses matched and assigned to a corresponding latitude and longitude. ...

geocoding

geocoding  

A method of classifying personal data according to the place of residence, using precise indicators such as postal or zip codes. This is a useful device for many epidemiological studies and for ...
geographic information system

geographic information system  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(GIS)A computer system that gathers, stores, and analyses geographic information, and displays it on demand.
geomatics

geomatics   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
37 words

...The scientific study of the measurement and analysis of location and information that is geocoded . It is closely linked to surveying and cartography in terms of being able to accurately collect, display, and analyse such...

geographic information system

geographic information system   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...geographic information system ( GIS ) An information system based on digitally constructed maps, sometimes using geocoding as one element of the data base. Satellite imaging and remote sensing have greatly expanded the scope of GISs; for instance, by making it possible to identify changes in composition of vegetation and amounts of precipitation in tropical regions that relate to changes in the distribution and abundance of insect vectors, such as mosquitoes and blackflies. An important application is in geomatics , which is used for many purposes,...

geovisualization

geovisualization   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
154 words

...The visualization and visual analytics of spatial data typically in a digital form. Geovisualization tools can be exploratory, descriptive, or analytic in nature, enabling a user to display, interact with, and analyse geocoded data . The power of geovisualization is to draw together potentially millions of observations into a single or grouped set of images and to thus be able to examine potential patterns and relationships. Data can be displayed in a variety of ways including maps , animations, 3-D time-space models, and statistical graphs....

geographic information system

geographic information system   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...such as elevation or climate. (Continua are commonly represented in a raster rather than a vector GIS.) The spatial data for a GIS may come from a variety of surveying techniques, including remote sensing imagery and global positioning systems, or from a postal address by geocoding (using existing data about the area covered by each zip code or postcode). The database language includes facilities for locational queries (such as ‘how many hospitals are there in Hampshire?’) and locational responses (such as ‘where are the vineyards in California’), as well...

photography and geography

photography and geography   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
445 words

...accompanied by additional metadata . In recent years, with the advent of online sharing and storage of photographs through applications such as flickr and Google Streetview, it has been possible to create bespoke geographic analysis of photographs, especially when they are geocoded , pulling together hundreds of images of the same place and events. As recent work by critical geographers has highlighted, it is important to note that photography is not a neutral activity. There is a politics to how an image is composed and framed in terms of what is included...

visualization

visualization   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
535 words

...geographers are often more interested in creating geographic visualizations that reveal the spatial relationships between data and facilitate a spatial understanding of a phenomena or process. In order to achieve such a geographic visualization the underlining data have to be geocoded or a process of spatialization needs to be applied to the data; that is, it must be possible to attribute the data to a location. The example, par excellence , of a geographic visualization is the map , which plots the locations of phenomena on to a two-dimensional plane to...

maps

maps   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
523 words

...further reading Crampton, J. (2010), Mapping: a Critical Introduction to Cartography and GIS . Kitchin, R. and Dodge, M. (2007), ‘Rethinking maps’, Progress in Human Geography 31(3): 331–44. Pickles, J. (2004), A History of Spaces: Cartographic Reason, Mapping and the Geo-Coded World . Winichakul, T. (1994), Siam Mapped: a History of the Geo-Body of a Nation . Wood, D. and Fels, J. (2009), The Nature of Maps...

governmentality

governmentality   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
738 words

... Geography Compass 2/5 1635–58. Larner, W. (2007), ‘Expatriate experts and globalising governmentalities: The New Zealand diaspora strategy’, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 32(3): 331–45. Rose-Redwood, R. S. (2006), ‘Governmentality, geography and the geo-coded world’, Progress in Human Geography 30(4):...

Toronto, Canada

Toronto, Canada (2012)   Reference library

Laura TAYLOR

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
2,227 words

...Canada. (2012). Census profile: Toronto. Retrieved May 11, 2012, from http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2011/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=3520005&Geo2=PR&Code2=35&Data=Count&SearchText=Toronto&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&GeoLevel=PR&GeoCode=3520005 Taylor, Zachary Todd , & van Nostrand, John . (2008). Shaping the Toronto region, past, present, and future. Retrieved May 11, 2012, from http://www.neptis.org/library/show.cfm?id=86&cat_id=11 Toronto, City of. (2008). Backgrounder: Release of the 2006 Census on ethnic...

Health

Health   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
2,782 words
Illustration(s):
1

...seek evidence of actual health impacts of climate change, a continuing and important, though less familiar, task is to estimate future risks to health. The computer-based modeling of future risks to health entails applying the information gleaned from the first task, above, to geo-coded scenarios of future climate change generated by global climate models. This estimation of future health risks necessarily entails new collaborations of health researchers with climate scientists, geographers, mathematical modelers, and others. As climate change progresses (which...

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