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Chrȳsi'ppus

Chrȳsi'ppus   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
97 words

...'ppus (of Soli, in Cilicia, c. 280–207 bc ) Greek Stoic philosopher, third and most influential head of the Stoa at Athens and its dominant intellect ( see Stoicism ). He was educated at the Academy in Athens under the Sceptic Arcesilaus and then studied at the Stoa under Cleanthes, whom he succeeded as head in 232 bc after becoming a convert to Stoicism. At this time Stoic philosophy seemed about to break up into a number of different positions, but Chrysippus gave it coherence and logic, expressed in voluminous writings (now lost) which became...

Dendera

Dendera   Reference library

Chrysi Kotsifou

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...and counted the steward and priest of the church there one of his closest friends. By the 5th century ad a triconch church had been built between the two birth houses of the temple on the north-west corner of its inner precinct, in part reusing stone from the birth houses. Chrysi Kotsifou CoptEnc s.v . Dandarah cols. 690a–691b ( P. Grossman ). EAH s.n . Dendera and Tentyra (Graeco-Roman/Late Antique) (J. H. F. Dijkstra), 1–2. J. Y. Wong , ‘Raze of Glory: Interpreting Iconoclasm in Edfu and Dendera’, JLA 9/1 (2016),...

Deir al-Suryani

Deir al-Suryani   Reference library

Chrysi Kotsifou

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...the Vatican and more in the British Library, including BL Adds. 12150, containing inter alia Eusebius , Martyrs of Palestine and Theophany , Titus of Bosra ’s Against the Manichees , and the Syriac Martyrology of 411 . The monastery was active until the 15th century. Chrysi Kotsifou CoptEnc vol. 3 s.n. Dayr al-Suryan, cols. 876a–881a ( A. Cody , P. Grossmann ). GEDSH s.n. al-Suryān, Dayr (L. Van Rompay). H. G. Evelyn White , The Monasteries of Wadi ‘N Natrun Part 2: The History of the Monasteries of Nitria and of Scetis (1932). S. P. Brock ...

libraries, monastic, Eastern

libraries, monastic, Eastern   Reference library

Chrysi Kotsifou

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...was often an act associated with the salvation of the soul of the patron or the patron’s family. Monastic scribes frequently copied, illuminated, and bound commissioned manuscripts. On other occasions, monastic communities exchanged manuscripts and copied each other’s books. Chrysi Kotsifou CoptEnc 1447b–1450a s.v . libraries ( M. Krause ). J. T. Walker , ‘Ascetic Literacy: Books and Readers in the East-Syrian Monastic Tradition’, in H. Börn and J. Wiesehöfer , eds., Commutatio et Contentio; Studies in the Late Roman, Sasanian, and Early Islamic Near...

Woman from Samos

Woman from Samos  

AT: The Girl from Samos; The Samian Woman A: Menander Pf: c.315–309bc, Athens Tr: 1929 (more complete text, 1972) G: Fragmentary Greek com. in verse S: A street in Athens, the present C: 5m, 3f, ...
Sā'mia

Sā'mia (‘The girl from Samos’)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
166 words

...abroad, the latter's daughter Plangon gives birth to a baby by Demeas' son Moschion. A marriage is arranged, and Demeas' mistress Chrȳsis, who has suffered a miscarriage, agrees to keep the baby and pass it off as her own by Demeas. The neighbours return; Demeas overhears an old woman speak of the baby as Moschion's and concludes that since Moschion wants to marry Plangon he was unwillingly seduced by Chrysis. Demeas drives Chrysis and the baby out of the house whereupon they are taken in by Niceratus; both fathers are bewildered by conflicting evidence as to...

Louÿs, Pierre

Louÿs, Pierre (1870–1925)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
120 words

...of the Greek ideal. His best‐selling hoax ‘translation’, Les Chansons de Bilitis ( 1894 ), gave scholarly respectability to erotic fantasies in which morbid, misogynist violence is veiled in classical style. His novels include Aphrodite ( 1896 ), in which the courtesan Chrysis's love for the great sculptor Démétrios ends in her death and the production of his finest work; La Femme et le pantin ( 1898 ); and Les Aventures du roi Pausole ( 1901 ). The discreet eroticism of these works is in striking contrast to Louÿs's posthumously published...

Piccolomini, Aeneas Silvius

Piccolomini, Aeneas Silvius (1405–64)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
107 words

...Aeneas Silvius ( 1405–64 ) Pope Pius II from 1458 , patron of letters, humanist, and author of a romance in Latin, Historia de Duobus Amantibus ( The Tale of Two Lovers ), of a bawdy comedy ( Chrysis ), of treatises on many subjects, and of commentaries on his times, the Commentarii Rerum Memorabilium ( Commentaries on Memorable Matters ), 1462–4 . His De Curialium Miseriis ( On the Misery of the Court ) provided one of the models for the Eclogues of Alexander Barclay . He visited Scotland in 1435 , and wrote a hostile report of its...

Piccolomini, Enea Silvio

Piccolomini, Enea Silvio (1405–64)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
199 words

...1432 ). In 1442 he was crowned poet laureate by the Emperor Frederick III , but in 1446 he took holy orders. During these years he produced a collection of dialogues on politics ( Pentalogus ), a novella in Latin (the Historia de duobus amantibus ), a Latin comedy ( Chrysis ), and the short treatise De curialium miseriis . His devotion to humanism was continued in a large number of works of biography , educational theory, topography, and historical geography as he climbed the ecclesiastical ladder, becoming Bishop of Trieste ( 1447 ), of Siena...

Vix, Geneviève

Vix, Geneviève (31 Dec 1879)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
233 words

...Geneviève [ Geneviève Brouwer ] ( b Le Havre , 31 Dec 1879 ; d Paris , 25 Aug 1939 ). French soprano . After study at the Paris Conservatoire she made her début at the Opéra-Comique in 1906 . Her first roles included Louise, Chrysis in Camille Erlanger 's Aphrodite and the title role in the première of Paul-Lucien Hillemacher's Circe ( 1907 ). In 1911 she sang Concepcion in the world première of L'heure espagnole , and in the same year took the part of Antonia in the first complete performances of Les contes d'Hoffmann . 1915 brought...

Plautus in the renaissance

Plautus in the renaissance   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
426 words

... ( 1605–21 ) and Pareus ( 1619 and 1623 ). The fragmentary Vidularia survived only in the Codex Ambrosiana. Productions of Plautus in Italy were adaptations rather than antiquarian attempts to revive classical forms. Enea Silvio Piccolomini (later Pius II ) wrote his Chrysis in 1444 , and between 1476 and 1550 there were many adaptations for the Italian stage, beginning with the staging of a Plautus comedy in Florence in 1476 . In 1486 the Este family of Ferrara inaugurated a long series of productions with a performance of Menaechmi ...

Ephebe

Ephebe   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
680 words

...Hellenistic and Roman Periods . Hildersheim, Germany: Weidmann, 2006. Comprehensive assemblage of material on ephebates throughout the Greek world. Contains a brief synopsis on the ephebate's development over seven hundred years, beginning with the Athenian ephebate. Pélékidis, Chrysis . Histoire de l’éphébie attique: des origines à 31 avant Jésus-Christ . Paris, 1962. Dated but still useful study on the Athenian Ephebate from the fifth century bce to the end of the Hellenistic period. Chapter 1 summarizes the controversy over the ephebate's origins....

Glière, Reinhold

Glière, Reinhold (30 December 1874)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
727 words

...his major works were his ballets. The most important of these was The Red Poppy ( 1927 ). Its score reveals a mature composer who knew the specific character of the genre well. Glière had previously composed for dance. The Ellen Rabenek Studio presented his ballet-pantomime Chrysis ( 1912 ) in choreography by Tatiana Savinskaya and Vera Voskresenskaya to a libretto by Natalia Mill after Pierre Louÿs 's Les Chansons de Bilitis and Aphrodite ; Aleksandr Gorsky 's rechoreographed version of 1921 was never staged. Cleopatra ( 1925 ), based on ...

Garden, Mary

Garden, Mary (20 Feb 1874)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
888 words
Illustration(s):
1

...for her, at Monte Carlo. By now Garden was recognized as a supreme singing-actress, with uncommonly vivid powers of characterization (her dramatic style influenced by both Sarah Bernhardt and Coquelin Ainé) and a rare subtlety of colour and phrasing. Two years after creating Chrysis in Camille Erlanger's Aphrodite ( 1906 ), the Paris opera sensation of 1906–7 , she left the Opéra-Comique for the Opéra, where she sang Ophelia in Ambroise Thomas ’ Hamlet and, in 1909 , the title part in Henry Février's Monna Vanna . Enticed by Oscar Hammerstein for...

Pius II

Pius II (19 Aug. 1458–15 Aug. 1464)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Popes (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,632 words

...and invited him to exchange Felix's service for his. Enea accepted, and became close friends with Frederick's chancellor, Caspar Schlick. To this period belong his widely read novel, Lucretia and Euryalus , celebrating Schlick's amorous adventures, and his erotic comedy Chrysis . In 1445 he severed connection with Felix V and was formally reconciled with Eugene IV. In the same year, moved by a serious illness, he abandoned his dissolute life (he had fathered several children), and in Vienna on 4 Mar. 1446 was ordained priest. In the following...

Pius II

Pius II (1405–64)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
1,709 words

...period he enjoyed the friendship of Kaspar Schlick , the imperial chancellor, and wrote his popular Latin novella Lucretia and Euryalus (sometimes translated as The Tale of Two Lovers ), which celebrated Schlick's sexual adventures, and his mildly erotic Latin comedy Chrysis . In 1445 Enea forsook his allegiance to Felix V and was reconciled to Pope Eugenius IV . He repudiated his life as a womanizer (during which he had fathered several illegitimate children) and, on 4 March 1446 , was ordained priest. In the years to follow, he persuaded ...

Wilder, Thornton

Wilder, Thornton   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
5,710 words

...The faux-sublime , at any rate, is comprehensively avoided. The most remarkable repetition in Wilder's corpus links The Woman of Andros directly and memorably to Our Town . One evening, in order to resolve a dispute over the respective merits of poetry and real life, Chrysis tells the story of a dying hero who persuades Zeus and the King of the Dead to allow him to spend one day (“that day that in all the twenty-two thousand days of his lifetime had been least successful”) back on Earth. He must do so, however, “with a mind divided into two...

Plato

Plato   Reference library

Christopher Janaway, Paul Woodruff, Paul Woodruff, Julius Moravcsik, and Julius Moravcsik

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
14,205 words

...and 3. A mixture of the two, as is found in epic. Because he holds that poetry can be purely narrative and thus made without mimesis, Plato can bar mimetic poetry from education without barring poetry altogether (398a). Plato illustrates mimēsis with the speech of Chrysis ( Iliad 1.17ff.): the poet “tries his best to make us think that the speaker is not Homer, but a priest, and he an old man” (393b1–2). Here, Plato is clear that it is the author who impersonates the speaker in direct discourse; later in the same passage, he will treat the...

Plato

Plato   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
13,843 words

...and 3. a mixture of the two, as is found in epic. Because he holds that poetry can be purely narrative and thus made without mimēsis , Plato can bar mimetic poetry from education without barring poetry altogether (398a). Plato illustrates mimēsis with the speech of Chrysis ( Iliad 1.17ff.): the poet “tries his best to make us think that the speaker is not Homer, but a priest, and he an old man” (393b1–2). Here, Plato is clear that it is the author who impersonates the speaker in direct discourse; later in the same passage, he will treat the...

Religious Leaders

Religious Leaders   Reference library

Ilan Peled, Jonathan Stökl, Vanessa L. Lovelace, Ioanna Patera, David M. Reis, J. Brian Tucker, Tal Ilan, Outi Lehtipuu, Bronwen Neil, and Damien Casey

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
31,240 words

...to the register (frag. 6.4). The first actual known priestess of Athena is Lysimache in the last quarter of the fifth century b.c.e. She was in office for over sixty years, and had had four children. The state honored her with a statue. Among the most honored priestesses was Chrysis. In 106 /5 b.c.e. , after having performed the Pythais, the official procession of the Athenians to Delphi, she was honored by the Delphians. She received the crown of Apollo and honors usually reserved for men. She and her descendants were bestowed the privileges of proxenia ...

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