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Elizabeth of York

(1466—1503) queen of England, consort of Henry VII.

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Queen of England, b. 11 Feb. 1466, da. of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville; m. Henry VII, 18 Jan. 1486; d. 11 Feb. 1503; bur. Westminster abbey.

The marriage of Edward's eldest daughter was certain to be political. After the disappearance of her two brothers in 1483, she was the leading Yorkist, and after Richard III's wife Anne had died in March 1485 rumours circulated that he would marry his niece. However, the marriage to Henry of Richmond should he gain the throne had already been arranged secretly, and it took place as soon as he had won at Bosworth. In all respects it was highly successful. Their eldest son, Arthur, was born in September 1486; her relations with Henry were cordial and probably affectionate. A woman of great beauty, intelligent and cultivated, she was deeply grieved by the death of prince Arthur in April 1502, and died nine days after giving birth to a daughter, Catherine, in February 1503.

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