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Alexander the Great (356—323 bc) king of Macedon 336–323

Philip II (382—336 bc)

Craterus (d. 321 bc)

Cassander (d. 297 bc)

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(397—319 bc)

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(?397–319 bc),

Macedonian statesman. Trusted lieutenant of Philip II, he twice represented the king at Athens, and governed Macedon during the Danubian campaign of Alexander 2 the Great (335). From 334 he acted as viceroy in Europe. Later his relations with Alexander were soured, and in 324 Craterus was sent to replace him in Macedon. Alexander's death (323) resolved the tension but unleashed the Lamian War, in which a formidable Hellenic coalition, headed by the Athenians and Aetolians, came close to victory. The arrival of Craterus and his veterans redressed the balance, and the critical victory at Crannon (August 322) allowed Antipater to impose the settlement which brought oligarchy and a Macedonian garrison to Athens.

Subjects: Classical studies

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