(b Charleston, SC, 1 Jun. 1945)
US dancer, choreographer, and company director. He studied at the Central School of Art in London in 1963 but turned to dance, studying at the Royal Ballet School (1965–7), at the London School of Contemporary Dance (1966), and subsequently with Graham and Cunningham in the US. He was a founding member of London Contemporary Dance Theatre in 1967 and while joining Graham's company briefly returned to LCDT in 1969. He choreographed his first work for London Festival Ballet Workshop in 1967 and in 1974 he created his most popular work, Troy Game, for LCDT; a humorous parody of masculinity, it has since entered the repertoire of many companies. In 1975 he was appointed associate choreographer of LCDT. He also worked as a guest choreographer for Ballet Rambert, Stuttgart Ballet, and the Royal Danish Ballet, among others, and choreographed for the commercial stage, including the 1975 London revue Carte blanche and the rock musical Pilgrim, seen at the Edinburgh Festival that same year. He has additionally worked in opera, film, theatre, and television. He taught contemporary dance at the Royal Ballet School (1979–81), was co-artistic director of LCDT in 1981 and from 1981 to 1986 he was artistic director of Ballet Rambert after which he was ballet director at the Teatro Regio in Turin (1990–1), artistic director of the Gothenburg Ballet in Sweden (1991–6), ballet director in Verona (1997–9), and artistic director of Scottish Ballet (1999–2002). Between 2002 and 2006 he worked as a freelance choreographer until being appointed artistic director of the Krefeld Mönchengladbach company in Germany. He has created over 70 works, which include Troy Game (mus. B. Downes, LCDT, 1974), Still Life (mus. Downes, LCDT, 1975), Death and the Maiden (mus. Schubert, LCDT, 1980), Lonely Town, Lonely Street (mus. Withers, Janet Smith and Dancers, 1980), Songs and Dances (mus. Schubert, LCDT, 1981), Pribaoutki (mus. Stravinsky, Rambert, 1982), Entre dos aguas (mus. Paco de Lucia, Rambert, 1984), Dances to Copland (Batsheva Dance Company, 1985), Einsame Reise (mus. Schubert, Stuttgart, 1985), Elvira Madigan (mus. several, Royal Danish Ballet, 1987), Romeo and Juliet (mus. Prokofiev, Geneva Ballet, 1990), Carmina Burana (mus. Orff, Gothenburg Ballet, 1990), A Stranger I Came (mus. Schubert, English National Ballet, 1992), The Snowman (mus. Howard Blake, 1993), Offenbach in the Underworld (mus. Offenbach, Stravinsky, Geneva Ballet, 1995), Hamlet, Prince of Denmark (mus. Shostakovich, 1997), Carmen (Gyor Ballet, 1997 revived Scottish Ballet, 2002), and Bach (Nord Rhein-Westfalen, 2005).