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Gobind Singh (1666—1708)

Pānj Pīr

Ranjit Singh (1780—1839) Indian maharaja

Ārya Samāj


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The body or company of fully initiated Sikhs, to which devout orthodox Sikhs are ritually admitted at puberty. The Khalsa was founded in 1699 by the last Guru (Gobind Singh). Members show their allegiance by five signs (called the five Ks). Men take the additional name Singh ‘lion’, and women the name Kaur ‘princess’.

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