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St Mildred (c. 700)

St Boniface (c. 675—754) archbishop of Mainz, missionary, and martyr

St Lull (d. 786) archbishop of Mainz


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Edburga (Eadburh, Bugga) of Minster

(d. 751)

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(d. 751),

abbess. She was a disciple of Mildred, of whose nunnery of Minster-in-Thanet she became abbess in 716. Most of what we know of her comes from the Letters of Boniface. To her he addressed the famous account of the monk of Much Wenlock's vision of the after-world. He also asked her, as she was a skilled scribe, for a copy of the Acts of the Martyrs and later for the Epistles of St Peter, written in letters of gold. Her gifts to him included fifty pieces of gold and a carpet, examples of munificence which accord well with the claim that she was a princess of Wessex (although some mistakenly claimed her for the royal house of Kent). At Minster she built a church where she translated the relics of Mildred; she also built a monastery there for her nuns. Her church was consecrated by Cuthbert, archbishop of Canterbury 741–58. Lull, the helper and successor of Boniface, sent her a present of a silver stylus and some spices. Edburga was buried at Minster, where cures were claimed at her tomb. Lanfranc's hospital of St Gregory, Canterbury, was endowed with relics of both Mildred and Edburga, but rival shrines of both these saints were maintained. Feast: 13 December (at Christ Church, Canterbury), later 12 December (12 November at St Gregory's Canterbury, according to C.S.P.).

M. Tangl (ed.), Die Briefe des Heiligen Bonifatius and lullus (M.G.H., 1916), nos. 29, 30, 35, 65; O. Cockayne, Leechdoms etc. (R.S.), iii. 422–33; N.L.A., i. 308–11;K. Sisam, ‘An Old English translation of a letter from Wynfrith to Eadburga’, Modern Language Review, xviii (1923), 253–72, which concerns the vision of the monk of Wenlock.

Subjects: Religion

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