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Salvador Dalí (1904—1989) Spanish painter

decalcomania

André Breton (1896—1966) French poet, essayist, and critic

automatism

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Óscar Domínguez

(1906—1958)


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(1906–58)

Spanish painter and sculptor, active mainly in France. He was born on Tenerife in the Canary Islands, the son of a banana exporter, and was self-taught as an artist. In 1927 he first visited Paris, where he came under the spell of the Surrealists, and in 1933 he helped organize a Surrealist exhibition on Tenerife. His early paintings were in the ‘veristic’ manner of Dalí, but soon after settling permanently in Paris in 1934 he began experimenting with techniques of automatism and he is credited with inventing decalcomania. It is for this that he is best remembered, for the rest of his work did little more than plagiarize his more famous contemporaries. In addition to paintings, he produced Surrealist sculptures incorporating ready-made elements.


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