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Émile Bernard (1868—1941)

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School of Pont-Aven

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Cloisonnism


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(from Fr., cloison: ‘partition’).

Style of painting associated with some of the painters who worked at Pont-Aven at Brittany in the 1880s and 1890s, characterized by dark outlines enclosing areas of bright, flat colour, in the manner of stained glass or cloisonné enamel. Anquetin and Bernard first developed the style, and Gauguin also worked in it. The term was coined by the critic Édouard Dujardin in 1888.


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