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James Stanhope Stanhope, 1st Earl (1673—1721) army officer, diplomat, and politician


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battle of Brihuega

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Under pressure from a revitalized Franco‐Spanish army of 12,000 troops under the duc de Vendôme, an English force of 4,000 men commanded by Lord Stanhope was forced to retreat from Madrid into Catalonia. Caught at Brihuega on 9 December, Stanhope's troops stood firm until their powder ran out. Reduced to less than 500 men, Stanhope had no choice but to surrender.

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