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A name that befits a person's nature, occupation, or activities. Examples relevant to psychology include the Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud (1856–1939), who based his theory of psychoanalysis on the pleasure principle (pleasure is Freude in German), his rival the Swiss psychologist Carl Gustav Jung (1875–1961), who was almost 30 years younger than Freud (young is jung in German), and his feminist disciple, the German-born US psychoanalyst Karen Horney (1885–1952), who rejected his theory of penis envy. Other aptronyms include Sir Henry Head, the English neurologist; Iris C. Love, the US archaeologist who excavated the temple of Aphrodite (the Greek goddess of love) at Cnidus in Turkey in 1969; Gay Search, author of The Last Taboo: Sexual Abuse of Children (1988); and J. J. C. Smart, the clever Australian philosopher. See also folk etymology (2) for the aptronym Crapper. [Irregular formation from Latin aptus fitting + nomen a name]

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