Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD REFERENCE ( (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2013. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single entry from a reference work in OR for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

Subscriber: null; date: 14 December 2018


A Guide to Countries of the World

Peter Stalker


Politically lively British Caribbean dependency

Anguilla is a flat coral and limestone island in the eastern Caribbean. Most of its people are black or mulatto though some East Asian workers and other have arrived to work in the construction industry.

The climate is dry and the soil is not very fertile so agriculture is limited. In the past, the main source of income has been fishing, but Anguillans nowadays rely more on remittances from migrants, luxury tourism, and financial services.

In 1969, Anguilla broke away from a self-governing federation with neighbouring St Kitts and Nevis—in a strange incident that required the dispatch of a squad of London policemen to restore order. After a decade of negotiations, in 1980, Anguilla became a British Dependent Territory with some autonomy exercised through an 11-member House of Assembly.

Elections to the House of Assembly in 2000, 2005, and 2010 were won by the conservative United Front coalition, currently led by Hubert Hughes as Chief Minister. Government site The Anguillian - Weekly newspaper