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date: 14 November 2018

Beethoven, Ludwig van (b Bonn, 16 Dec. 1770; d Vienna, 26 March 1827). German composer. 

The Oxford Companion to Music

Denis Arnold,

Barry Cooper

Beethoven's output includes nine symphonies, five piano concertos, 36 piano sonatas, 16 string quartets, ten violin sonatas, and much else. ...

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