A style of popular music which arose in the USA in the 1930s; it is a hybrid form taking elements from jazz and the blues. It was revived in the 1950s, when it also became popular in Britain, its leading performer there being Lonnie Donegan (1931–2002). The groups often included makeshift instruments, for example kazoo, jug, wash-tub or tea-chest bass, and washboard percussion. A number of musicians were in skiffle groups before moving on to more ambitious bands. Its popularity lasted until 1959, when it gave way to *rock and roll.