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Subscriber: null; date: 14 December 2018

cross

Source:
The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms
Author(s):

Michael Clarke,

Deborah Clarke

cross 

The symbol of Christianity (the cross on which Christ died), it is often used as an architectural ornament. The basic form is a vertical member with a shorter one across it at right-angles. The cross has been used as the basic plan of most Christian churches. Of these the Latin cross, with three arms of equal length and one longer, has been most used in western Europe from the Middle Ages. The equal-armed Greek cross was favoured in Byzantium and in Italy during the Renaissance.