Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD REFERENCE ( (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2013. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single entry from a reference work in OR for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

Subscriber: null; date: 14 December 2018


The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms

Michael Clarke,

Deborah Clarke


The symbol of Christianity (the cross on which Christ died), it is often used as an architectural ornament. The basic form is a vertical member with a shorter one across it at right-angles. The cross has been used as the basic plan of most Christian churches. Of these the Latin cross, with three arms of equal length and one longer, has been most used in western Europe from the Middle Ages. The equal-armed Greek cross was favoured in Byzantium and in Italy during the Renaissance.