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The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature
M. C. HowatsonM. C. Howatson


In the Roman calendar the name given to the first day of the month, one of the three named days in each month, together with the Ides and the Nones. A date was calculated by counting backwards, inclusively, from the next named day. Thus, 1 June was Kal(endis) Jun(iis) and, for example, 28 May was ‘the fifth day before the Kalends of June’; in full, ante diem quintum Kalendas Junias, or a.d. v Kal. Jun.

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