It was formed in 1941 as the League for the Independence of Vietnam by Ho Chi Minh and other Vietnamese Communist leaders such as Vo Nguyen Giap in southern China. Aided by the USA and its Allies, it started its guerrilla activities against the Japanese occupying forces in Vietnam in 1943. It liberated much of North Vietnam and entered Hanoi in August 1945. The Vietminh managed to gather considerable grass‐roots support (including nationalists, socialists, Catholics) against a common enemy. However, it came under the increasing control of the Vietnamese (Communist) Workers' Party from 1945. After the Geneva Agreements (1954), its support continued to grow in South Vietnam. It thus became the model and predecessor for the National Liberation Front, as well as its military wing, the Vietcong.