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Character Set

Source:
A Dictionary of Computing

Character Set

The typefaces and characters used in the dictionary entries follow normal conventions for printing mathematical and technical texts (rather than the more rigorous styles used in some specialist computing texts).

The special characters shown in the table have been used to express specific logic, set theory, and mathematical operations; for further information, see relevant entry. Letters of the Greek alphabet also occur in some entries.

AND operation, conjunction

∧.

OR operation, disjunction

∨ +

NOT operation, negation

′ ¬ ~

NAND operation

| Δ‎

NOR operation

↓ ∇

For set S and/or set T:

x is a member of S

xS

x is not a member of S

xS

S is a subset of T

ST

S is a proper subset of T

ST

complement of S

S′~S

union of S and T

ST

intersection of S and T

ST

Cartesian product of S and T

S × T

relation

R

function of x

ƒ(x), etc.

function ƒ from set X to set Y

ƒ:XY

inverse function

ƒ−1

inverse relation

R−1

sum, with limits

Character Set

integral, with limits

abdx

elements of matrix A

aij

transpose of matrix A

AT

inverse of matrix A

A−1

equivalence

↔ ≡

biconditional

↔ ≡

conditional

→ ⇒

general binary operation

°

universal quantifier

existential quantifier

greater than

>

greater than or equal to

less than

<

less than or equal to

approx. equal to

not equal to

infinity