Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD REFERENCE ( (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2013. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single entry from a reference work in OR for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

Subscriber: null; date: 15 December 2018

Khwarezmian (Chorasmian) language

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity
Mark DickensMark Dickens

Khwarezmian (Chorasmian) language and literature 

Eastern Middle Iranian language formerly spoken in Khwarezm (Chorasmia). The Middle Khwarezmian script, based on Aramaic, is preserved on coins, pottery and silver vessels, wood and leather documents, and ossuaries (c. ad 200–700). After the Arab conquest, Late Khwarezmian was written in modified Arabic script, preserved in the calendrical and astronomical works of al-Biruni and lexical and legal works of other Khwarezmian scholars, all writing in Arabic (ad 1000–1354). Khwarezmian vocabulary includes many words from the Avesta, perhaps evidence of ancient ties between the region and the Zoroastrian scriptures; the language ultimately died out due to Turkification.

Mark Dickens


EI 2 vol. 5 (1986) s.n. Khwārazm (C. E. Bosworth).Find this resource:

    EncIran V (1991) s.v. Chorasmia iii. Chorasmian Language, 517–20 (D. N. MacKenzie).Find this resource:

      D. N. MacKenzie in CambHistIran III, 1244–9.Find this resource:

        H. Humbach in CompLingIran, 193–203.Find this resource: