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Amerbach, Johann

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Amerbach, Johann 


Born in Amorbach, Lower Franconia, he became the leading printer in Basel, Switzerland. He studied in Paris—where he met Johann Heynlin de Lapide and German printers—gaining an MA at the Sorbonne in 1464. After an educational sojourn in Venice 1462–5, he established a printing press in Basel 1475–7, close to the charterhouse, whose MSS he used for his editions. He worked with the scholars Johann Heynlin, *Reuchlin, and *Rhenanus; his business partners were *Koberger in Nuremberg, and J. *Froben and *Petri in Basel. The first printer north of the Alps to use *roman type for an entire *volume, Amerbach printed classical and humanist authors, Latin bibles, and some scholastic works. His main scholarly contribution is the complete edition of the writings of St Augustine (1506). After his death in 1513, the printing office was continued by his sons Bruno and Basilius in association with Froben, who completed Amerbach’s edition of St Jerome with the help of *Erasmus.

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