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The Oxford Classical Dictionary

Arnold Wycombe Gomme,

Theodore John Cadoux,

P. J. Rhodes


(from zeugos, ‘yoke’), at Athens, Solon's third property class, comprising men whose land yielded between 200 and 300 medimnoi of corn or the equivalent in other produce (the other three classes were pentakosiomedimnoi, hippeis, thētes). The name identifies them as those who served in the army in close ranks (cf. Plutarch Pelopidas 23), i.e. as hoplites, or, less probably, as those rich enough to own a yoke of oxen. Many of the farmers and craftsmen of Attica fell into this class, and it provided the bulk of the city's hoplite army. Under Solon's constitution the zeugitai enjoyed full citizen rights except that they were not admitted to the highest magistracies (see magistracy, Greek). The archon-ships (see archontes) were opened to them from 457/6.


D. Whitehead, Classical Quarterly 1981, 282–6.Find this resource:

    Arnold Wycombe Gomme; Theodore John Cadoux; P. J. Rhodes

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