Furius Bibaculus, Marcus
Furius Bibaculus, Marcus,
Latin poet, is said by Jerome to have been born at Cremona in 103 bc. Suetonius makes him a pupil of Valerius Cato, another Cisalpine, and quotes two hendecasyllabic epigrams on Cato by him (De grammaticis 11); Tacitus (1) mentions him and Catullus together (Annales 4. 34. 8: cf. Quintilian Institutio oratoria 10. 1. 26) as the authors of lampoons on ‘the Caesars’ which Caesar and Octavian ignored. These data seem to connect him with the circle of the novi poetae or ‘new poets’ (and he may be the Furius of Catullus 11, 16, 23, and 26); but in that case Jerome's date must be some twenty years too early. A contemporary poet whom Horace accuses of bombast (Satirae 2. 5. 40) is identified by the scholia with Furius Bibaculus, author of a poem on ‘the Gallic War’, which may be the hexameter Annales (in at least eleven books) of one Furius from which Macrobius (Satirae 6. 1) quotes some lines. The difficulty of ascribing a historical poem to the Bibaculus of Suetonius and Tacitus has suggested that there were two poets of the same name and that Jerome's date belongs to the epic poet—a precarioussuggestion in view of the incompleteness of our knowledge of the literary currents of the time. See Hellenistic poetry at Rome.
Fragments in E. Courtney, The Fragmentary Latin Poets 192–200. G. B. Conte, Latin Literature (1994), 141.Find this resource: