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date: 26 March 2019


The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

Michael Kent

A mechanism that works like a thermostat, keeping an individual's amount of body fat within a narrow range despite considerable variations in diet and activity. The adipostat is thought to consist of a complicated network of brain cells, hormones, and organs that regulate body weight. Researchers at the Oregon Health Science University have identified two neuronal pathways in the hypothalamus that might be the neuronal basis. One pathway, called the NPY/GRP, stimulates feeding; the other pathway, called the MSH, inhibits feeding and is involved in the maintenance of metabolic rates. ... ...

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