Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD REFERENCE (www.oxfordreference.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2013. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single entry from a reference work in OR for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

Subscriber: null; date: 19 June 2018

Occupations and Realms of Renown

Source:
Dictionary of African Biography

Occupations and Realms of Renown

Many subjects of biographies had more than one occupation or achieved fame in several realms of renown. Their names will therefore be found under several headings in this listing.

Abolitionist/Antislavery Figure

  • Amador

  • Equiano, Olaudah

  • King, Boston

  • Livingstone, David

  • Macaulay, Zachary

  • Sancho, Ignatius

Actor/Actress

  • Alemayo Kahsay

  • Annabi, Amina

  • Duro-Ladipo, Abiodun

  • Elmaleh, Gad

  • Hafiz, Abd al-Halim

  • Hounsou, Djimon

  • Ladipo, Durodola Adisa

  • Lihamba, Amandina

  • Magona, Sindiwe

  • Murad, Layla

  • Rathebe, Dolly

  • Seye, Younouss

  • Sharif, Omar

  • Yusuf, Fatima al-

African Independent Church Figure

  • Aoko, Gaudencia

  • Babalola, Joseph Ayodele

  • Braide, Garrick Sokari Daketime

  • Chilembwe, John

  • Emanuel, Christiana Abiodun

  • Harris, William Wadé

  • Kimbangu, Simon

  • Lekganyane, Engenas

  • Lenshina, Alice Mulenga Lubusha

  • Mai Chaza

  • Maranke, John

  • Masinde, Elijah

  • Matante, Philip

  • Matsoua, André

  • Mbadinga, Jean

  • Mpadi, Simon-Pierre

  • Nemapare, Esau

  • Nontetha Nkwenkwe

  • Ntsikana

  • Ositelu, Josiah Olunowo

  • Shembe, Isaiah

  • Sikobele, Muti Munene

  • Spartas, Reuben Ssedimbu Sebanjja Mukasa

  • Tani, Maame Harris

  • Toko, Simão Gonçalves

Afrikaner Nationalist

  • Botha, Louis

  • Botha, Pieter Willem

  • Brand, Johannes Henricus

  • Cronjé, Geoffrey

  • De Klerk, Frederik Willem

  • Du Toit, Stephanus Johannes

  • Hertzog, James Barry Munnik

  • Kruger, Stephanus Johannes Paulus

  • Pretorius, Andries Wilhelmus Jacobus

  • Retief, Piet

  • Smuts, Jan Christiaan

Agricultural Innovator

  • Kamkwamba, William

  • Quarshie, Tetteh

Al-Qaeda Figure

  • Zawahiri, Ayman al-

Ancient Assyrian King

  • Ashurbanipal

Ancient Carthaginian Figure

  • Adherbal

  • Elissa

  • Hamilcar Barca

  • Hannibal

  • Hanno the Navigator

  • Himilco the Navigator

  • Mago

  • Sophoniba

Ancient Egyptian Figure

  • See alsoAncient Egyptian Ruler/Pharaoh.

  • Imhotep

  • Inaros

  • Nefertiti

  • Rekhmira

Ancient Egyptian Ruler/Pharaoh

  • Ahhotep

  • Ahmose I

  • Akhenaten

  • Amenemhat I

  • Amenemhat III

  • Amenhotep III

  • Ay

  • Cleopatra VII

  • Hatshepsut

  • Khababash

  • Menes

  • Narmer

  • Necho II

  • Nefertari

  • Piankhy

  • Psammetichus I

  • Psammetichus II

  • Ptolemy I Soter

  • Ptolemy II Philadelphus

  • Ptolemy V

  • Ptolemy VI

  • Ramesses II

  • Ramesses III

  • Senwosret III

  • Seti I

  • Shabaka

  • Shabataka

  • Taharqa

  • Tanutamani

  • Tefnakhte

  • Thutmose III

  • Tutankhamen

Ancient Hellenistic Figure

  • See alsoAncient Hellenistic Monarch.

  • Agatharchides of Cnidus

  • Cleomenes of Naucratis

  • Cleopatra Selene

  • Eratosthenes of Cyrene

  • Hero of Alexandria

  • Horapollon

  • Magas of Cyrene

  • Philo of Alexandria

  • Plotinus

Ancient Hellenistic Monarch

  • Alexander the Great

  • Antiochus IV

  • Cleopatra VII

  • Ptolemy I Soter

  • Ptolemy II Philadelphus

  • Ptolemy V

  • Ptolemy VI

Ancient Kushite Ruler

  • Abar

  • Alara

  • Amanitore

  • Ameniras

  • Arkamani

  • Aspelta

  • Awaw

  • Harsiotef

  • Kashta

  • Nasalsa

  • Nastasen

  • Natakamani

  • Nedjeh

  • Paynehsi

  • Piankhy

  • Shabaka

  • Shabataka

  • Shanakdakhete

  • Taharqa

  • Tanutamani

  • Teqorideamani

Ancient Persian Monarch

  • Artaxerxes III

  • Cambyses II

Ancient Roman Figure

  • Augustus

  • Cato the Elder

  • Gallus, Gaius Cornelius

  • Julius Alexander, Tiberius

  • Julius Caesar

  • Marius, Gaius

  • Mark Antony

  • Petronius, Publius

  • Pompey the Great

  • Scipio Africanus

  • Suetonius Paulinus

Anglican Church Figure

  • See alsoBishop/Archbishop, Anglican

  • .Colenso, John William

  • Crowther, Samuel Ajayi

  • Johnson, James

  • Johnson, Samuel

  • Luwum, Janani Jakaliya

  • Quaque, Philip

Anthropologist

  • Gluckman, Max

  • Matthews, Zacharia Keodirelang

  • Obbo, Christine

  • Simango, Columbus Kamba

Antiapartheid Figure

  • Achmat, Adurrazack

  • Biko, Steve

  • Boesak, Allan

  • Breytenbach, Breyten

  • First, Ruth

  • Fischer, Bram

  • Gool, Cissie

  • Hani, Chris

  • Joseph, Helen

  • Kuzwayo, Ellen

  • La Guma, Alex

  • Luthuli, Albert John Mvumbi

  • Madikizela-Mandela, Winnie

  • Makeba, Miriam Zenzi

  • Manuel, Trevor

  • Mafekeng, Elizabeth

  • Mbeki, Govan Archibald Mvuyelwa

  • McBride, Robert John

  • Meer, Fatima

  • Mxenge, Victoria

  • Ngoyi, Lilian Masebida

  • Nyembe, Dorothy

  • Palmer, Josie

  • Rive, Richard Moore

  • Schapera, Isaac

  • Sikakane, Joyce Nomafa

  • Sisulu, Albertina Nontsikelelo

  • Sisulu, Walter Max Ulyate

  • Sobukwe, Robert Mangaliso

  • Suzman, Helen Gavronsky

  • Tabata, Isaac Bangani

  • Tambo, Oliver Reginald

  • Tatamkhulu Afrika

  • Thibedi, Thibedi William

  • Tutu, Desmond Mpilo

  • Williamson, Sue

Anticolonial Figure

  • See also Nationalist Figure.

  • ʿAbd al-ʿAziz, Muhammad

  • ʿAbd al-Hamid ben Badis

  • Aline Sitoue Diatta

  • Andrade, Mário Pinto de

  • Arboussier, Gabriel d’

  • Argwings-Kodhek, Chiedo More Gem

  • Asantewa, Yaa

  • Bahta Hagos

  • Bangoura, Hadja Mafory

  • Belay Zelleqe

  • Bell, Rudolf Duala Manga

  • Bello, Ahmadu

  • Ben Barka, Mehdi

  • Ben Bella, Ahmed

  • Bin Shaykh, Tawhida

  • Bushiri bin Salim

  • Cabral, Amílcar Lopes

  • Chilembwe, John

  • Chinamano, Josiah

  • Chinamano, Ruth

  • Chipembere, Henry Blasius Masauko

  • Chipenda, Daniel

  • Chissano, Joaquim

  • Chitepo, Herbert

  • Chona, Mainza Mathias

  • Colenso, Harriette

  • Cruz, Viriato Francisco Clemente da

  • Cugoano, Quobna Ottobah

  • Desai, Manilal Ambalal

  • Diop, Lat Dior

  • Enahoro, Anthony

  • Fadipe, Nathaniel Akinremi

  • Fassi, Malika al-

  • Fontes Pereira, José de

  • Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand

  • Gichuru, James Samuel

  • Gilisho, Parsaloi Ole

  • Gitera, Joseph

  • Graça, Alda da

  • Hadj, Messali

  • Haidar, Aminatou

  • Haile Mariam Mammo

  • Hamid Idris Awate

  • Hasan, Muhammad ʿAbdallah

  • Heri, Bwana

  • Idris Mohammed Adem

  • Inamujandi

  • Isike

  • Jacinto, António

  • Japhet, Nkura Kirilo

  • Jeevanjee, Alibhai Mulla

  • Johnson, James

  • Kaggia, Bildad

  • Kamil, Abdallah Mohamed

  • Keen, John

  • Kenyatta, Jomo

  • Khattabi, Muhammad ben ʿAbd al-Karim al-

  • Kinjikitile Ngwale

  • Koinange wa Mbiyu

  • Koma, Kenneth

  • Lokko, Mary

  • Lutete, Ngongo

  • Maʾal-ʿAynayn

  • Macaulay, Herbert

  • Machel, Josina

  • Madani, Abassi al-

  • Magaia, Lina

  • Mañé Elá, Acacio

  • Masinde, Elijah

  • Mathenge, Stanley

  • Matsoua, André

  • M’Ba, Léon

  • Mboj, Ndate Yala

  • Mekatilili wa Menza

  • Mirerekano, Paul

  • Mondlane, Eduardo Chivambo

  • Mugabe, Sally

  • Mukhtar, Omar al-

  • Mulele, Pierre

  • Mzilikazi Khumalo

  • Nassib Bunda

  • Ndlovu, Masotsha

  • Ngungunyane

  • Njama, Karari

  • Nkomo, Joshua Mqabuko Nyangolo

  • Nsoumer, Fatma

  • Nyagumbo, Maurice

  • Nyanjiru, Mary Muthoni

  • Obama, Hussein Onyango

  • Odinga, Jaramogi Oginga

  • Okala, Janet

  • Oliveira, Mário António Fernandes de

  • Osman Salih Sabbe

  • Pankhurst, Sylvia

  • Pelewura, Alimotu

  • Pereira, Aristides Maria

  • Petros

  • Plaatje, Solomon Tshekisho

  • Rapontchombo, Félix Adande

  • Roberto, Holden Alvaro

  • Rwagasore, Louis

  • Samba, Martin-Paul

  • Samkange, Thompson Douglas

  • Samoei, Koitalel arap

  • Santos, Marcelino dos

  • Sarbah, John Mensah

  • Savimbi, Jonas Malheiro

  • Seme, Pixley Kaisaka

  • Simango, Columbus Kamba

  • Simango, Uria Timotéo

  • Silundika, Tarcisius Malan George

  • Sousa, Noémia de

  • Sy, El Hajj Malik

  • Sykes, Kleist

  • Taha, Mahmoud Muhammad

  • Thuku, Harry

  • Tinubu, Efunroye

  • Todd, Reginald Stephen Garfield

  • Touré, Samori

  • Van-Dúnem, Luzia Inglês

  • Vieira, Luandino

  • Waiyaki wa Hinga

  • Wallace-Johnson, Isaac Theophilus Akuna

  • Wongo

  • Zayani, Mouha Ou Hammou

Archaeologist

  • Leakey, Mary Douglas

Architect

  • Imhotep

Art Critic/Art Curator

  • Enwezor, Okwui

Artist

  • See alsoPainter; Photographer; Potter; Sculptor; Woodcarver.

  • Agegnehu Engida

  • Glover, Emmanuel Ablade

  • Hazoumé, Romuald

  • Kijumwa, Muhammad

  • Maillu, David

  • Mnyele, Thami

  • Okoh, Theodosia Salome

  • Okundaye, Nike Monica

  • Searle, Berni

  • Twins Seven-Seven

  • Williamson, Sue

  • Zapiro

Astrologer

  • Julius Maternus

Astronomer

  • Chadid, Merieme

  • Ibn Yunus

  • Athlete. See Sports Figure/Athlete.

  • Autobiographer.SeeBiographer/Autobiographer/Diarist.

Aviator

  • Chaoui, Touria

  • Markham, Beryl Clutterbuck

Bible Translator

  • See alsoLinguist.

  • Crowther, Samuel Ajayi

  • Onesimus Nesib

  • Ruufoo

  • Tayye Gebre Maryam

Biographer/Autobiographer/Diarist

  • See alsoSlave Narrative Author.

  • Amrouche, Fadhma

  • Angelou, Maya

  • Antera Duke Ephraim

  • ʿAqqad, ʿAbbas Mahmud al-

  • Baba of Karo

  • Barry, Kesso

  • Bartili al-Walati, Muhammad al-

  • Belinda

  • Blixen, Karen

  • Casely-Hayford, Adelaide

  • Chipembere, Henry Blasius Masauko

  • Choukri, Mohamed

  • Enahoro, Anthony

  • Equiano, Olaudah

  • Ezenwa-Ohaeto

  • Falconbridge, Anna Maria

  • Fawwaz, Zaynab

  • Giyorgis, Fesseha

  • Hama, Boubou

  • Hussein, Taha

  • Ibn al-Qifti

  • Jabavu, Noni

  • Joubert, Elsa

  • Julius Caesar

  • Kamkwamba, William

  • Kariuki, Josiah Mwangi

  • Kassindja, Fauziya

  • Kuzwayo, Ellen

  • Markham, Beryl Clutterbuck

  • Mernissi, Fatima

  • Millin, Sarah Gertrude

  • Mqhayi, Samuel Edward Krune

  • Muhammad al-Nur

  • Muoria, Henry

  • Mwakikagile, Godfrey

  • Njama, Karari

  • Njau, Rebeka

  • Njie, Sally

  • Perpetua and Felicity

  • Ruete, Emily

  • Sancho, Ignatius

  • Seid, Joseph Brahim

  • Sikakane, Joyce Nomafa

  • Sisulu, Elinor

  • Smith, Venture

  • Suetonius Paulinus

  • Tippu Tip

  • Umutesi, Marie Béatrice

  • Waciuma, Charity

  • Yaji, Hamman

  • Zayyat, Latifa al-

Bishop/Archbishop, Anglican

  • See alsoAnglican Church Figure.

  • Colenso, John William

  • Crowther, Samuel Ajayi

  • Johnson, James

  • Kivengere, Festo

  • Luwum, Janani Jakaliya

  • Tutu, Desmond Mpilo

Bishop/Archbishop, Coptic

  • Cosmas III

  • Dioscorus of Aphrodito

  • Shenouda III of Alexandria

  • Timotheos

Bishop/Archbishop, Early Christian

  • Adrian of Canterbury

  • Alypius of Thagaste

  • Athanasius of Alexandria

  • Augustine of Hippo

  • Cyprian of Carthage

  • Cyril of Alexandria

  • Fulgentius of Ruspe

  • John of Nikiu

  • Miltiades

  • Synesius of Cyrene

Bishop/Archbishop, Eritrean

  • Marqos

Bishop/Archbishop, Ethiopian

  • Basilios

  • Frumentius

  • Petros

  • Tekle Haymanot (1917–1988)

  • Tewoflos

Bishop/Archbishop, Nubian

  • Georgios

Bishop/Archbishop, Roman Catholic

  • Kidane Maryam Kasa

  • Kiwanuka, Joseph Nnakabaale

  • Monsengwo, Laurent Pasinya

  • Ntuyahaga, Michel

  • Soares de Resende, Sebastião

  • Souza, Isidore de

  • Yaqob Gebre Iyesus

Blacksmith

  • Esau, Abraham

Broadcaster

  • Likimani, Muthoni Gachanja

Business Figure

  • See also Trader/Merchant/Entrepreneur.

  • Abiola, Moshood Kashimawo Olawale

  • Baamuta, Yusufu Ssemukasa

  • Baranyanka, Pierre

  • Beit, Alfred

  • Boakye, Kwasi

  • Dangote, Aliko

  • Diop, Majhemout

  • Domitien, Elisabeth

  • Foning, Françoise

  • Forster, Hannah

  • Gaolathe, Baledzi

  • Goldie, George Dashwood Taubman

  • Harb, Muhammad Talat

  • Jeevanjee, Alibhai Mulla

  • Jonah, Sam Kwesi Esson

  • Jones, Maximiliano

  • Mariano, Michael

  • Merinyo, Joseph

  • Michonnet, Jean

  • Mirerekano, Paul

  • Mubarak, Jamal

  • Muluzi, Bakili

  • Nzimiro, Mary

  • Ocloo, Esther Afua

  • Ojukwu, Louis Odumegwu

  • Onosode, Gamaliel Oforitsenere

  • Oyeeman Wereko Ampem II

  • Pelewura, Alimotu

  • Ramaphosa, Matamela Cyril

  • Ramphele, Mamphela

  • Rhodes, Cecil John

  • Rupert, Anton Edward

  • Rusesabagina, Paul

  • Santos, Isabel dos

  • Sarbah, John, the Elder

  • Saro-Wiwa, Ken

  • Sexwale, Mosima Gabriel

  • Thuku, Harry

  • Yacé, Philippe

  • Yayi, Thomas Boni

Byzantine Figure

  • Belisarius

Cabinet Minister

  • See alsoPrime Minister.

  • Alliali, Camille

  • Arboussier, Gabriel d’

  • Argwings-Kodhek, Chiedo More Gem

  • Bandeira, Alda

  • Bangoura, Hadja Mafory

  • Batumubwira, Antoinette

  • Bemba, Sylvain Ntari

  • Bomani, Paul

  • Bona Malwal

  • Botsio, Kojo

  • Cardoso, Boaventura

  • Chiepe, Gaositwe K. T.

  • Chinamano, Josiah

  • Chirwa, Orton Edgar Ching’oli

  • Chitepo, Victoria Fikile

  • Coll-Seck, Awa Marie

  • Dagri-Diabaté, Henriette

  • D’Almeida Adamon, Grace

  • Diogo, Luísa Dias

  • Dlamini-Zuma, Nkosazana Clarice

  • Edusei, Krobo

  • Eliufoo, Solomon Nkya

  • Franck, António Gabriel

  • Gaolathe, Baledzi

  • Garang, John

  • Garba-Jahumpa, Ibrahima Momodou

  • Geingob, Hage

  • Gichuru, James Samuel

  • Gologo, Mamadou El Bechir

  • Gulama, Ella Koblo

  • Haddis Alemayyehu

  • Iivula-Ithana, Pendukeni Maria

  • Jamal, Amir Habib

  • Kaggia, Bildad

  • Kane, Aïssata

  • Kanyama Chiume, Murray William

  • Kiwanuka, Benedicto Mugumba

  • Kouyaté, Seydou Badian

  • Lopès, Henri

  • Ly, Abdoulaye

  • Maga, Coutoucou Hubert

  • Manuel, Trevor

  • Marei, Sayyid

  • Mariano, Michael

  • Mboro, Clement

  • Mboya, Tom

  • Mekonnen Habte Weld

  • Mockey, Jean-Baptiste

  • Mongella, Gertrude

  • Mujuru, Joyce Nhongo

  • Mulele, Pierre

  • Ngilu, Charity Kaluki

  • N’jie, Louise Antoinette

  • Nyabongo, Elizabeth

  • Nyagumbo, Maurice

  • Ouko, Robert

  • Oyono, Ferdinand

  • Ruth-Rolland, Jeanne-Marie

  • Salim, Salah

  • Sayyid, Ahmad Lutfi al-

  • Seid, Joseph Brahim

  • Sexwale, Mosima Gabriel

  • Simango, Uria Timotéo

  • Tafawa Balewa, Abubakar

  • Tati-Loutard, Jean-Baptiste

  • Tekle Hawaryat Tekle Maryam

  • Tesemma Eshete

  • Tshisekedi, Étienne

  • Ukasha, Tharwat

  • ʿUthman, Amin

  • Yakubu, Hawa

  • Zani-fé Touam-Bona, Marie-Josèphe

Caliph

  • ʿAbu Yaʿqub Yusuf (d. 1184)

  • ʿAziz, al-

  • Hakim, al-

  • Maʾmun

  • Mustansir Biallah, Maʿad al-

Cardinal, Roman Catholic

  • Arinze, Francis

  • Biayenda, Émile

  • Dery, Peter Poreku

  • Etsou-Nzabi-Bamungwabi, Frédéric

  • Gantin, Bernardin

  • Malula, Joseph Albert

  • Nsubuga, Emmanuel Kiwanuka

  • Okogie, Anthony Olubunmi

  • Tumi, Christian Wiyghan

  • Turkson, Peter Kodwo Appiah

  • Wamala, Emmanuel

Catechist

  • Anyentyuwe

  • Catholic Figure.See Roman Catholic Figure.

Choreographer

  • See alsoDancer

  • .Acogny, Germaine

  • Keita, Fodéba

  • Marques, Ana Clara Guerra

  • Opoku, Albert Mawere

  • Christian Figure.See under specific denomination.

  • Civil Servant.See Government Official/Administrator.

Classical Literary Figure

  • Apuleius, Lucius

  • Clitomachus

  • Heliodorus of Emesa

  • Herodotus

  • Julius Caesar

  • Petronius, Publius

  • Plotinus

  • Strabo

  • Suetonius Paulinus

  • Terence

Colonial Administrator/Colonial Governor

  • Aho, Justin

  • Albasini, João dos Santos

  • ʿAli Khurshid

  • Angoulvant, Gabriel Louis

  • Archinard, Louis

  • Clozel, Marie François-Joseph

  • Delamere, Hugh Cholmondeley

  • Delobsom, Dim

  • Dhanis, Francis

  • Dundas, Charles

  • Éboué, Félix

  • Faidherbe, Louis Léon César

  • Fawcus, Peter

  • Fergusson, William

  • Goldie, George Dashwood Taubman

  • Gordon, Charles George

  • Gouraud, Henri

  • Jameson, Leander Starr

  • Khan, Fatou

  • Kitchener, Horatio

  • Latrille, André

  • Lettow-Vorbeck, Paul Emil von

  • Lisette, Gabriel

  • Lyautey, Louis-Hubert

  • Macaulay, Zachary

  • Marwick, Allan Graham

  • Musa Pasha Hamdi

  • Norton de Matos, José Mendes Ribeiro

  • Shepstone, Theophilus

  • Slessor, Mary Mitchell

  • Stuart, James

  • van der Stel, Simon

  • Van Riebeeck, Jan

Comedian

  • Alemayo Kahsay

  • Elmaleh, Gad

Composer

  • See alsoMusician.

  • Ager Gum

  • Amu, Ephraim Koku

  • Ashenafi Kebede

  • Bankole, Ayo

  • Caluza, Reuben Tholakele

  • El Bidaoui, Ahmed

  • Kafeero, Paul Job

  • Magogo kaDinuzulu, Constance

  • Makiadi, Luambo

  • Masuka, Dorothy

  • Matshikiza, Todd

  • Morais, Luís Ramos

  • Mtukudzi, Oliver

  • Sontonga, Enoch Mankayi

Coptic Church Figure

  • Cosmas III

  • Dioscorus of Aphrodito

  • Shenouda III of Alexandria

  • Timotheos

Corsair/Pirate

  • Baba ʿAruj

  • Hamidou

Dancer

  • See alsoChoreographer.

  • Acogny, Germaine

  • Marques, Ana Clara Guerra

Diplomat

  • See also United Nations Secretary-General.

  • ʿAli ibn Ibrahim

  • Annan, Kofi Atta

  • Arboussier, Gabriel d’

  • Azzam, Abd al-Rahman

  • Batumubwira, Antoinette

  • Blyden, Edward Wilmot

  • Boutros-Ghali, Boutros

  • Brooks-Randolph, Angie Elizabeth

  • Chambas, Mohammed Ibn

  • ElBaradei, Mohamed

  • Fagih, Ahmed

  • Ferguson, George Ekem

  • Franck, António Gabriel

  • Geingob, Hage

  • Jamal, Amir Habib

  • Kgosi Seepapitso IV

  • Leo Africanus

  • Lopès, Henri

  • M’Bow, Amadou Makhtar

  • Mekonnen Welde Mikael

  • Mikael Emru

  • Nyabongo, Elizabeth

  • St Jorre, Danielle Marie-Madeleine de

  • Savi de Tove, Jonathan

  • Tekle Hawaryat Tekle Maryam

  • Tlou, Thomas

  • Toledano, Joseph

  • Tsega Ze’ab

  • Ukasha, Tharwat

  • ʿUthman, Amin

  • Warzazi, Halima Embarek

  • Doctor.SeeMedical Doctor/Medical Scientist.

  • Dramatist. SeeFilmmaker/Director/Screenwriter; Playwright.

Dynasty/Family

  • Battiads

  • Bocchoris

  • Marinid Dynasty

  • Pyramid Kings

  • Qaddafi Family

  • Wayekiye Family

Earliest Human

  • African Eve

Early Christian Figure

  • Adrian of Canterbury

  • Anthony the Great

  • Apion, Flavius

  • Athanasius of Alexandria

  • Augustine of Hippo

  • Cyprian of Carthage

  • Cyril of Alexandria

  • Donatus

  • Frumentius

  • Julian

  • Longinus

  • Miltiades

  • Monnica

  • Nonnus of Panopolis

  • Optatus of Milevis

  • Origen

  • Perpetua and Felicity

  • Possidius

  • Shenute

  • Tertullian

  • Victor of Vita

Economist

  • Amin, Samir

  • Chisiza, Dunduzu Kaluli

  • Mhone, Guy

  • Obama, Barack, Sr.

  • Okigbo, Pius

  • Ouattara, Alassane Dramane

  • Oyeeman Wereko Ampem II

  • Pires, António

  • Soglo, Nicéphore

  • Soludo, Charles C.

Educator/Academic

  • See alsoScholar.

  • Abdul-Hayy, Muhammad

  • Acholonu, Catherine Obianuju

  • Afrax, Maxamed Dahir

  • Aggrey, James Emman Kwegyir

  • Ahmed, Suʿad Ibrahim

  • Aké, Claude

  • Alakija, Tejumade

  • Alkali, Zaynab Amina

  • Amin, Samir

  • Appiah, Kwame Anthony

  • Asma’u, Nana

  • Babikr Badri

  • Bakari, Mtoro bin Mwinyi

  • Ballinger, Margaret

  • Barakana, Gabriel

  • Batibo, Herman

  • Benneh, George

  • Blyden, Edward Wilmot

  • Casely-Hayford, Adelaide

  • Chitepo, Victoria Fikile

  • Cressy, Harold

  • Crowther, Samuel Ajayi

  • Cummings-John, Constance

  • De Kok, Ingrid

  • Demoz, Abraham

  • Easmon, Raymond Sarif

  • Enwezor, Okwui

  • Esan, Iyalode Wuraola Adepeju

  • Fadipe, Nathaniel Akinremi

  • Faïk-Nzuji Madiya, Clémentine

  • Falola, Toyin

  • Gebru Desta

  • Gelanesh Haddis

  • Glover, Emmanuel Ablade

  • Govender, Pregs

  • Hountondji, Paulin

  • Hussein, Taha

  • Ismaʿil, Fatima Talib

  • Jawish, ʿAbd al-ʿAziz

  • Kadima, Webe

  • Kebede Mikael

  • Kezilahabi, Euphrase

  • Kisosonkole, Pumla

  • Koinange, Peter Mbiyu

  • Latino, Juan

  • Lihamba, Amandina

  • Lorenzo Taezaz

  • Mabanckou, Alain

  • Mahmud, Abd al-Halim

  • Mahoney, Florence

  • Mamdani, Mahmood

  • Matthews, Zacharia Keodirelang

  • Mba, Nina Emma

  • M’Bow, Amadou Makhtar

  • Meena, Ruth

  • Mubarak, ʿAli

  • Mugo, Micere Githae

  • Muhando, Penina

  • Muriuki, Godfrey

  • Nabudere, Dani Wadada

  • Ndebele, Njabulo

  • Ndlovu-Gatsheni, Phinda

  • Niane, Djibril Tamsir

  • Njeuma, Dorothy L.

  • Njie, Sally

  • Nkashama, Pius Ngandu

  • Nketia, J. H. Kwabena

  • Oliveira, Mário António Fernandes de

  • Onesimus Nesib

  • Onosode, Gamaliel Oforitsenere

  • Pliya, Jean

  • Quaque, Philip

  • Rive, Richard Moore

  • Ruth-Rolland, Jeanne-Marie

  • Senedu Gebru

  • Sy, Kalidou

  • Tahtawi, Rifaʿa Rafiʿ al-

  • Tamale, Sylvia

  • Temimi, Abdel Jelil

  • Tlou, Thomas

  • Tolkien, J. R. R.

  • Towa, Marcien

  • van Rensburg, Patrick

  • Workneh Eshete

  • Yeshaq Tewelde Medhin

Emperor/Empress (Rest of Africa)

  • Bokassa, Jean Bedel

  • Rabih al-Zabayr Fadl Allah

  • Wamara

Emperor/Empress/Ruler of Ethiopia

  • Amda Seyon I

  • Fasiladas

  • Gelawdewos

  • Haile Selassie I

  • Iyasu I

  • Iyasu Mikael

  • Lebna Dengel

  • Menen Asfaw

  • Menilek II

  • Mentewwab

  • Susenyos

  • Taytu Betul

  • Tewabech Ali

  • Tewodros II

  • Yekunno Amlak

  • Yohannes IV

  • Zera Yaqob

  • Zewditu Menilek

Encyclopedist

  • Wajdi, Muhammad Farid

  • Entrepreneur.SeeTrader/Merchant/Entrepreneur.

Environmentalist

  • Maathai, Wangari Muta

  • Saro-Wiwa, Ken

Ethiopian Church Figure

  • Basilios

  • Frumentius

  • Gelanesh Haddis

  • Petros

  • Tekle Haymanot (d. 1313)

  • Tekle Haymanot (1917–1988)

  • Tewoflos

  • Tsega Ze’ab

Ethnographer

  • See alsoFolklorist.

  • Amrouche, Fadhma

  • Bâ, Amadou Hampaté

  • Bleek, Wilhelm, and Lucy Lloyd

  • Delobsom, Dim

  • Hazoumé, Paul

  • Kagame, Alexis

  • Kaggwa, Apollo

  • Lane, Edward William

  • Owuor Anyumba, Henry

  • Pacéré, Titinga Frédéric

  • Raponda Walker, André

  • Ribas, Óscar Bento

  • Rouch, Jean

  • Stuart, James

Explorer

  • Baikie, William Balfour

  • Baker, Samuel White

  • Brazza, Pierre Savorgnan de

  • Caillié, René-Auguste

  • Clapperton, Hugh

  • Delany, Martin

  • Dhanis, Francis

  • Dias, Bartolomeu

  • Dorantes, Esteban de

  • Ferguson, George Ekem

  • Gama, Vasco da

  • Garrido, Juan

  • Gomes, Fernão

  • Grenfell, George

  • Hanno the Navigator

  • Henry the Navigator

  • Himilco the Navigator

  • Ibn Battuta, Muhammad ibn Abdullah

  • Johnston, Keith

  • Kharkhuf

  • Livingstone, David

  • Panet, Léopold

  • Park, Mungo

  • Selim Aga

  • Stanley, Henry Morton

  • Tinne, Alexandrine Petronella Francisca

  • Wainwright, Jacob

Farmer/Planter/Settler

  • Maine, Kas

  • Ndlovu-Gatsheni, Phinda

  • Obama, Hussein Onyango

  • Peters, Thomas

  • Quarshie, Tetteh

Feminist/Women’s Rights Advocate

  • Adda, Gladys

  • Alakija, Tejumade

  • Amin, Qasim Muhammad

  • Bâ, Mariama

  • Badawi, Suʿad al-Fatih Mohammed al-

  • Bin Shaykh, Tawhida

  • Blouin, Andrée

  • Bouzid, Dorra

  • Casely-Hayford, Adelaide

  • Chenna, Aicha

  • Chibambo, Rose Ziba

  • Danquah, Mabel Dove

  • Diaw, Aminata

  • Ducados, Henda

  • Duncan, Sheena

  • Ekpo, Margaret

  • El Saadawi, Nawal

  • Fassi, Malika al-

  • Fawwaz, Zaynab

  • Garvey, Amy Ashwood

  • Gbedo, Marie Elise

  • Gervais, Jeanne

  • Govender, Pregs

  • Habwe, Ruth

  • Halimi, Gisèle

  • Ismaʿil, Fatima Talib

  • Jiagge, Annie Ruth

  • Kane, Aïssata

  • Kassindja, Fauziya

  • Kéita, Aoua

  • Konaré, Adame Ba

  • Kudjoe, Hannah

  • Lawal, Amina

  • Likimani, Muthoni Gachanja

  • Machel, Josina

  • Mahlangu, Magodonga

  • Martin-Cissé, Jeanne

  • Maxeke, Charlotte

  • Meena, Ruth

  • Meer, Fatima

  • Minah V, Matilda Lansana

  • Molokomme, Athaliah Maoka Lesiba

  • Mongella, Gertrude

  • Mpanga, Joyce Rovincer

  • Mthembu, Promise

  • Mugo, Micere Githae

  • Mulira, Rebecca

  • Musa, Nabawiyya

  • Nasif, Malak Hifni

  • Okala, Janet

  • Ransome-Kuti, Funmilayo

  • Savané, Marie-Angélique

  • Sawaba, Gambo

  • Schreiner, Olive Emilie Albertina

  • Shafik, Duriyya

  • Shaʿrawi, Huda

  • Simons, Ray

  • Sisulu, Elinor

  • Sow, Fatou

  • Tamale, Sylvia

  • Thiam, Awa

  • Traoré, Aminate Dramane

  • Van-Dúnem, Luzia Inglês

  • Win, Everjoice

  • Yakubu, Balaraba Ramat

  • Yaou, Aïssatou

  • Zanga Tsogo, Delphine

  • Fiction Writer.See Novelist/Fiction Writer.

Filmmaker/Director/Screenwriter

  • Alassane, Moustapha

  • Ansah, Kwaw

  • Boughedir, Férid

  • Dangarembga, Tsitsi

  • Djebar, Assia

  • Faye, Safi

  • Folly, Anne Laure

  • Guerra, Rui

  • Haile Gerima

  • Heusch, Luc de

  • Hondo, Med

  • Kaboré, Gaston

  • Ladipo, Durodola Adisa

  • Liberdade, Kiluanje

  • Maldoror, Sarah

  • Mambéty, Djibril Diop

  • Mekonnen Desta

  • Mungai, Anne

  • Ouédraogo, Idrissa

  • Rouch, Jean

  • Sembène, Ousmane

  • Sissako, Abderrahmane

  • Teno, Jean-Marie

  • Vieyra, Paulin Soumanou

  • Wahbi, Yusuf

  • Yakubu, Balaraba Ramat

First Lady

  • Biya, Chantal

  • Bongo, Pascaline

  • Habyarimana, Agathe

  • Kadzamira, Cecilia Tamanda

  • Khama, Ruth

  • Machel, Graça

Folklorist

  • See alsoEthnographer.

  • Dadié, Bernard Binlin

  • Diop, Birago Ismael

  • Gebre-Hanna

  • Mammeri, Mouloud

  • Nsue Angüe, María

  • Seid, Joseph Brahim

Geographer

  • Eratosthenes of Cyrene

  • Johnston, Keith

  • Strabo

  • Tenreiro, Francisco

Government Official/Administrator

  • See alsoColonial Administrator/Colonial Governor.

  • Afewerq Gebre Iyesus

  • Alakija, Tejumade

  • Alemseged Tesfai

  • Cary, Lott

  • Chambas, Mohammed Ibn

  • Ferguson, George Ekem

  • Fontes Pereira, José de

  • Germachew Tekle Hawariyat

  • Gool, Cissie

  • Haylu Tewelde Medhin

  • Hermans, Christopher H. L.

  • Ibn Abi Dhiaf, Ahmed

  • Ibrahim, Kashim

  • Jaden, Aggrey

  • Kazibwa, Specioza Wandira

  • Khayr al-Din al-Tunisi

  • Koinange, Peter Mbiyu

  • Lagu, Joseph

  • Laye, Camara

  • Mekonnen Habte Weld

  • Mugwanya, Stanislaus

  • Mukasa, Ham

  • Mulaisho, Dominic

  • Njeuma, Dorothy L.

  • N’jie-Saidy, Isatou

  • Onosode, Gamaliel Oforitsenere

  • Ouko, Robert

  • Philip of Mahdiyya

  • Pliya, Jean

  • Rui, Manuel

  • Russwurm, John Brown

  • Sabri, Ali

  • Seyum Mengesha

  • Tekle Hawaryat Tekle Maryam

  • Visesegan

  • Yaadom, Konadu

  • Yacé, Philippe

  • Zubayr Rahma Mansur, al-

  • Head of State.See Monarch; President/Head of State.

Healer

  • Diop, Sokhna Magat

  • Donkor, Nana Kofi

  • Idris ibn Muhammad al-Arbab

  • Juma Bhalo Sayyani, Ahmad Nassir

  • Tani, Maame Harris

Historian

  • Abba Jobir

  • Abu al-Qasim

  • Abu Bakr al-Maliki

  • Abu Mahasin Taghribirdi

  • Abu Salih the Armenian

  • Ade Ajayi, Jacob Festus

  • Afigbo, Adiele Eberechukwu

  • Agatharchides of Cnidus

  • Ahmad ibn al-Amin al-Shinqiti

  • Appian of Alexandria

  • Assis Júnior, António de

  • Awe, Bolanle

  • Bin Jallun, ʿAbd al-Majid

  • Cadornega, António de Oliveira

  • Chaeremon

  • Coelho, João Paulo Borges

  • Dagri-Diabaté, Henriette

  • Dike, Kenneth

  • Diop, Cheikh Anta

  • Falola, Toyin

  • Fuze, Magema

  • Galaal, Muuse Xaaji Ismaaciil

  • Giyorgis, Fesseha

  • Glélé-Ahanhanzo, Maurice

  • Hama, Boubou

  • Harb, Muhammad Talat

  • Herodotus

  • Ibn Abi Dhiaf, Ahmed

  • Ibn al-Zayyat al-Tadili

  • Ibn Khaldun

  • Imam, Abubakar

  • John of Nikiu

  • Johnson, Samuel

  • Julius Caesar

  • Kagame, Alexis

  • Kaggwa, Apollo

  • Kati, Mahmoud

  • Khosa, Ungulani Ba Ka

  • Kimambo, Isaria N.

  • Ki-Zerbo, Joseph

  • Konaré, Adame Ba

  • Konaré, Alpha Oumar

  • Krog, Antjie

  • Ly, Abdoulaye

  • Mahoney, Florence

  • Manetho

  • Maqrizi, al-

  • Massoudi, Mohamed El Beji al-

  • Mba, Nina Emma

  • Mbow, Penda

  • Mekonnen Endalkachew

  • Mtui, Nathanael

  • Mubarak, ʿAli

  • Mukasa, Ham

  • Muriuki, Godfrey

  • Musabbihi, al-

  • Nahimana, Ferdinand

  • Nuʿman, al-Qadi al-

  • Obenga, Théophile Mwené

  • Ochieng’, William Robert

  • Odhiambo, Elisha Stephen Atieno

  • Ogot, Bethwell Allan

  • Raqiq al-Qayarawani, al-

  • Reindorf, Carl Christian

  • Rodney, Walter

  • Sai, Akiga

  • Sallust

  • Samkange, Stanlake

  • Snoussi, Mohamed Ben Othman al-

  • Soga, John Henderson

  • Suetonius Paulinus

  • Tahtawi, Rifaʿa Rafiʿ al-

  • Talbi, Mohamed

  • Tayye Gebre Maryam

  • Tekle Tsadek Mekuria

  • Temimi, Abdel Jelil

  • Tlou, Thomas

  • Vansina, Jan

  • Victor of Vita

  • Yahya Ibn Khaldun

  • Yaʿqubi, al-

  • Zewde Gabre-Sellasie

Hottentot Venus

  • Baartman, Sara

Human Rights Activist

  • Ahmed, Suʿad Ibrahim

  • Aké, Claude

  • Benjelloun, Omar

  • Chirwa, Vera Mlangazuwa

  • D’Almeida Adamon, Grace

  • Dow, Unity

  • Fawehinmi, Abdul-Ganiyu Oyesola

  • Haidar, Aminatou

  • Khama, Ruth

  • Machel, Graça

  • Mahlangu, Magodonga

  • Meer, Fatima

  • Mthembu, Promise

  • Ncube, Welshman

  • Ndende, Jean-Baptiste

  • Pillay, Navanethem

  • Rusesabagina, Paul

  • Sachs, Albie

  • Saro-Wiwa, Ken

  • Tamale, Sylvia

  • Todd, Judith

  • Touré, Khadidja

  • Warzazi, Halima Embarek

Imperialist

  • See also Colonial Administrator/Colonial Governor; Explorer.

  • Brazza, Pierre Savorgnan de

  • Gordon, Charles George

  • Kitchener, Horatio

  • Leopold II

  • Lyautey, Louis-Hubert

  • Rhodes, Cecil John

  • Victoria

  • Independent Church Figure.See African Independent Church Figure.

Intellectual

  • See alsoEducator/Academic; Scholar.

  • Abu Zayd, Nasr Hamid

  • Anyentyuwe

  • Appiah, Kwame Anthony

  • Badawi, Suʿad al-Fatih Mohammed al-

  • Bakrii Saphalo

  • Bartili al-Walati, Muhammad al-

  • Bayram al-Khaʾmis, Mohamed

  • Blyden, Edward Wilmot

  • Diop, Alioune

  • Diop, Cheikh Anta

  • Du Bois, W. E. B.

  • Gebre Heywet Baykedagn

  • Gebru Desta

  • Heruy Welde Sellasie

  • Horton, James Beale Africanus

  • Ibn Rashiq

  • Kabadou, Mahmoud

  • Mamdani, Mahmood

  • Mandur, Muhammad ʿAbd al-Hamid Musa

  • Massoudi, Mohamed El Beji al-

  • Mhone, Guy

  • Muhammad al-Nur

  • Nardal, Paulette

  • Neogy, Rajat

  • Sampson, Anthony

  • Tesemma Eshete

  • Zayyat, Ahmad Hasan al-

Islamic Legal Scholar

  • Abu Bakr ibn ʿAbd al-Rahman al-Khalwani

  • ʿAyyad ben Moussa

  • Fasi, Abu ʿImran al-

  • Ibrahim al-Mukhtar Ahmad Umar

  • Qarafi, Shihab al-Din al-

  • Sanusi, Muhammad al-

  • Turtushi, Abu Bakr Muhammad al-

  • Wansharisi, Ahmad al-

  • Yusi, Abu al-Hasan al-

Islamic Political Leader

  • Kaba, Fode

Islamic Religious Figure

  • See alsoSufi Figure.

  • ʿAbduh, Muhammad

  • Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi

  • Amadu Bamba

  • Aways Mohamed, Sheikh

  • Bâ, Ma Diakhou

  • Baba, Sidiyya

  • Banna, Hasan al-

  • Bilal ibn Rabah

  • Diop, Sokhna Magat

  • Ghamba, Muhammad al-

  • Ha-Mim

  • Hasan, Muhammad ʿAbdallah

  • Hudaybi, Hasan Ismaʿil al-

  • Ibn Idris, Ahmad

  • Ibrahim al-Mukhtar Ahmad Umar

  • Kishk, ʿAbd al-Hamid

  • Koulamallah, Ahmed

  • Maʾal-ʿAynayn

  • Madani, Abassi al-

  • Maghili, Muhammad al-

  • Mame Diarra Bousso

  • Mbogo, Nuhu Kyabasinga

  • Mirghani, Ali al-

  • Nasr al-Din

  • Qaradawi, Yusuf al-

  • Rashid Rida, Muhammad

  • Sanusi, Muhammad al-

  • Sanusi, Sayyid Muhammad bin ʿAli al-

  • Sidiyya al-Kabir al-Ntishaiʾi

  • Sillah, Fode

  • Tierno Bokar

  • Turabi, Hasan al-

  • Turmeda, Anselmo

  • Zaynab bint Muhammad

Islamic Religious Scholar

  • ʿAbd al-Rahman, ʿAʾishah

  • ʿAbd al-Raziq, Ali

  • Abu Zayd, Nasr Hamid

  • Ahmad al-Bakkaʾi al-Kunti

  • Ahmad Baba al-Massufi al-Tinbukti

  • Ahmad ibn al-Amin al-Shinqiti

  • Amadu Bamba

  • Baba, Sidiyya

  • Bakrii Saphalo

  • Dada Masiti

  • Ibn Wahb

  • Kanemi, Muhammad al-

  • Mahmud, Abd al-Halim

  • Mallam Dendo

  • Mazrui, Sheikh al-Amin

  • Qaradawi, Yusuf al-

  • Qasim Muhyiddin al-Barawi, Sheikh

  • Qutb, Sayyid

  • Sawirus ibn al-Muqaffaʿ

  • Sidiyya al-Kabir al-Ntishaiʾi

  • Suyuti, Jalal al-Din al-

  • Taha, Mahmoud Muhammad

  • Turmeda, Anselmo

  • Wajdi, Muhammad Farid

  • Yusi, Abu al-Hasan al-

Jewish Religious Scholar

  • Isaac Israeli ben Solomon

  • Maimonides, Moses

Journalist

  • ʿAbd al-Rahman, ʿAʾishah

  • Adda, Gladys

  • Albasini, João dos Santos

  • Amin, Ali

  • Amin, Mustafa

  • Amin, Samir

  • ʿAqqad, ʿAbbas Mahmud al-

  • Azikiwe, Benjamin Nnamdi

  • Be’alu Girma

  • Bemba, Sylvain Ntari

  • Berhanu Zerihun

  • Bin Jallun, ʿAbd al-Majid

  • Bona Malwal

  • Bouzid, Dorra

  • Casely-Hayford, Joseph Ephraim

  • Cheney-Coker, Syl

  • Couto, Mia

  • Danquah, Mabel Dove

  • Dordji, Fatimé

  • Enahoro, Anthony

  • Fassi, Malika al-

  • Fontes Pereira, José de

  • Gakaara Wanjau

  • Gali, Sy Koumbo Singa

  • Grendon, Robert

  • Haykal, Muhammad Husayn

  • Hydara, Deyda

  • Ikoli, Ernest

  • Imam, Abubakar

  • Jabavu, John Tengo

  • Jabavu, Noni

  • Jawish, ʿAbd al-ʿAziz

  • Joachim, Paulin

  • Kahiga, Samuel

  • Kamil, Mustafa

  • Kawni, Ibrahim al-

  • Khosa, Ungulani Ba Ka

  • Knopfli, Rui

  • Macaulay, Herbert

  • Magaia, Lina

  • Mandur, Muhammad ʿAbd al-Hamid Musa

  • Mekki, Aicha

  • Muoria, Henry

  • Musa, Salama

  • Ndongo-Bidyogo, Donato

  • Neogy, Rajat

  • Pires, António

  • Plaatje, Solomon Tshekisho

  • Rafiʿi, ʿAbd al-Rahman al-

  • Russwurm, John Brown

  • Samkange, Stanlake

  • Sampson, Anthony

  • Sanuʿ, Yaqub ibn Rafaʾil

  • Savanhu, Jasper

  • Savi de Tove, Jonathan

  • Sikakane, Joyce Nomafa

  • Sinduhije, Alexis

  • Siyad, William J. F.

  • Small, Edward Francis

  • Thaʿalbi, ʿAbd al-ʿAziz

  • Wajdi, Muhammad Farid

  • Wallace-Johnson, Isaac Theophilus Akuna

  • Wattar, Tahir

  • Yusuf, Fatima al-

  • Zongo, Norbert

  • Jurist/Judge

  • See alsoLawyer; Legal Scholar.

  • ʿAbd al-Raziq, Ali

  • Abu Bakr ibn ʿAbd al-Rahman al-Khalwani

  • Alier, Abel

  • Bensouda, Fatou

  • Burzuli, Abu al-Qasim al-

  • Cameron, Edwin

  • Diarra, Fatoumata Dembélé

  • Dow, Unity

  • Fahmi, ʿAbd al-ʿAziz

  • Fasi, Abu ʿImran al-

  • Hudaybi, Hasan Ismaʿil al-

  • Ibn Abi Zayd al-Qayrawani

  • Jiagge, Annie Ruth

  • Kiwanuka, Benedicto Mugumba

  • Mazari, Abu ʿAbd Allah Muhammad al-

  • Mazrui, Sheikh al-Amin

  • Molokomme, Athaliah Maoka Lesiba

  • Pillay, Navanethem

  • Pognon, Elizabeth Kayissan

  • Qabisi, ʿAli ibn Muhammad al-

  • Qarafi, Shihab al-Din al-

  • Sachs, Albie

  • Sahnun, Abu Said al-Tanukhi

  • Turtushi, Abu Bakr Muhammad al-

  • King.SeeMonarch; Ruler before 1800; Ruler since 1800.

Labor Union Figure

  • Adda, Gladys

  • Baard, Frances

  • Benjelloun, Omar

  • Darlan, Antoine Theophile

  • Garba-Jahumpa, Ibrahima Momodou

  • Gomas, John

  • Hached, Farhat

  • Haddad, Tahar al-

  • Hammi, Mohamed Ali al-

  • Jallow, Momadou Ebrima

  • Jamela, Reuben

  • Kadalie, Clements

  • Kaunda, Kenneth

  • Kubai, Fred

  • La Guma, James

  • Mafekeng, Elizabeth

  • Mamani, Abdoulaye

  • Mboya, Tom

  • Mzingeli, Charles

  • Ndlovu, Masotsha

  • Nkomo, Joshua Mqabuko Nyangolo

  • Ramaphosa, Matamela Cyril

  • Saint-Dénis, Simone

  • Savanhu, Jasper

  • Simons, Ray

  • Singh, Makhan

  • Small, Edward Francis

  • Sykes, Kleist

  • Thibedi, Thibedi William

  • Touré, Ahmed Sékou

  • Tsvangirai, Morgan

  • Wallace-Johnson, Isaac Theophilus Akuna

Landowner

  • Jones, Maximiliano

  • Mañé Elá, Acacio

Lawyer

  • See alsoJurist/Judge.

  • Argwings-Kodhek, Chiedo More Gem

  • Baro Tumsa

  • Benjelloun, Omar

  • Brooks-Randolph, Angie Elizabeth

  • Bunting, Sidney Percival

  • Casely-Hayford, Joseph Ephraim

  • Chirwa, Orton Edgar Ching’oli

  • Chirwa, Vera Mlangazuwa

  • Chitepo, Herbert

  • D’Almeida Adamon, Grace

  • Danquah, Joseph Boakye

  • Dioscorus of Aphrodito

  • Dow, Unity

  • Fawehinmi, Abdul-Ganiyu Oyesola

  • Fischer, Bram

  • Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand

  • Halimi, Gisèle

  • Houngbédji, Adrien

  • Hutton-Mills, Thomas

  • Jallow, Hassan Bubacar

  • Jiagge, Annie Ruth

  • Kemneloum Djiraibé, Delphine

  • Kies, Ben

  • Kiwanuka, Benedicto Mugumba

  • Molokomme, Athaliah Maoka Lesiba

  • Mxenge, Victoria

  • Ncube, Welshman

  • Pacéré, Titinga Frédéric

  • Ramaphosa, Matamela Cyril

  • Sachs, Albie

  • Sarbah, John Mensah

  • Seme, Pixley Kaisaka

  • Snoussi, Mohamed Ben Othman al-

  • Veiga, Carlos

  • Williams, Henry Sylvester

Legal Scholar

  • See alsoJurist/Judge; Lawyer.

  • Amina bint al-Hajj ʿAbd al-Latif

  • Bayram al-Khaʾmis, Mohamed

  • Fawehinmi, Abdul-Ganiyu Oyesola

  • Ibn Abi Dhiaf, Ahmed

  • Kabadou, Mahmoud

  • Nuʿman, al-Qadi al-

  • Sanhuri, ʿAbd al-Razzaq Ahmad al-

  • Tamale, Sylvia

Legendary Figure

  • Diyab

  • Elissa

  • Gudit

  • Kahina

  • Newport, Matilda

  • Suʾda

  • Tin Hinan

Legislator

  • Aku, Martin Andréas

  • Kabo, Bourkou Louise

  • Matante, Philip

Librarian

  • Chitepo, Victoria Fikile

  • Njie, Sally

Linguist

  • See alsoBible Translator.

  • Asante, David

  • Batibo, Herman

  • Bleek, Wilhelm, and Lucy Lloyd

  • Galaal, Muuse Xaaji Ismaaciil

  • Njoya, Ibrahim Mbombo

  • Raponda Walker, André

  • Ruufoo

  • St Jorre, Danielle Marie-Madeleine de

  • Schmelen, Zara

  • Silva, Baltasar Lopes da

  • Yaasiin Cismaan Keenadiid

  • Mahdi

  • Ibn Tumart, Muhammad

  • Muhammad Ahmad ibn ʿAbdallah

Maritime Figure/Sailor

  • Hamidou

  • Hanno the Navigator

  • Himilco the Navigator

Martyr, Early Christian

  • Cyprian of Carthage

  • Perpetua and Felicity

Martyr, Ethiopian

  • Petros

  • Tewoflos

Martyr, Protestant

  • Gana, Moussa

Martyr, Roman Catholic

  • Lwanga, Karoli

  • Nengapeta, Marie-Clémentine Anuarite

Mathematician

  • Diophantus of Alexandria

  • Eratosthenes of Cyrene

  • Euclid

  • Fibonacci

  • Marrakushi, Ibn al-Bannaʾ al-

  • Pappus of Alexandria

  • Ptolemy

  • Theon

Medical Doctor/Medical Scientist

  • Abdurahman, Abdullah

  • Aku, Martin Andréas

  • Baikie, William Balfour

  • Barnard, Christiaan Neethling

  • Bin Shaykh, Tawhida

  • Brahim, Mariam

  • Clot, Auguste Barthélemy

  • Coll-Seck, Awa Marie

  • Cooper, Henry Nehemiah

  • Dadoo, Yusuf Mohamed

  • Easmon, John Farrell

  • Easmon, Raymond Sarif

  • Fergusson, William

  • Gologo, Mamadou El Bechir

  • Gwet-Bell, Ernestine

  • Horton, James Beale Africanus

  • Ibn Daniyal, Shams al din Muhammad

  • Ibn Ridwan

  • Ibn Tufayl

  • Kodindo, Grace

  • Lambo, Thomas Adeoye

  • Livingstone, David

  • Mahama, Edward

  • Maimonides, Moses

  • Menezes, Ayres de

  • Ngu, Victor Anomah

  • Peters, Lenrie

  • Ramphele, Mamphela

  • Schweitzer, Albert

  • Theiler, Max

  • Tovalou-Quenum, Marc

  • Workneh Eshete

Medium/Diviner

  • See alsoProphet.

  • Charwe

  • Kinjikitile Ngwale

  • Lakwena, Alice Auma

  • Senteu ole Mbatian

  • Merchant/Trader.SeeTrader/Merchant/Entrepreneur.

Military/Naval Figure

  • Abdallahi Muhammad al-Taʾaishi

  • Adherbal

  • Ager Gum

  • Aidid, Mohammed Farah

  • Alloron

  • Alula Engida

  • Bâ, Ma Diakhou

  • Baba ʿAruj

  • Bagaza, Jean-Baptiste

  • Bagosora, Théoneste

  • Belisarius

  • Bemba, Jean-Pierre

  • Bizimana, Augustin

  • Botha, Louis

  • Boro, Isaac Adaka

  • Clozel, Marie François-Joseph

  • Emru Haile Selassie

  • Esau, Abraham

  • Fannu

  • Gamasy, Muhammad ʿAbdel Ghani al-

  • Garrido, Juan

  • Gbenye, Christophe

  • Gobana Dacchi

  • Gordon, Charles George

  • Gowon, Yakubu Jack

  • Hamilcar Barca

  • Islambuli, Khalid al-

  • Ismail Mire Elmi

  • Jawhar al-Siqilli

  • Kagame, Paul

  • Kakungulu, Semei Lwakirenzi

  • Khattabi, Muhammad ben ʿAbd al-Karim al-

  • Kitchener, Horatio

  • Kotoka, Emmanuel Kwasi

  • Loruwe, Michael

  • Lutete, Ngongo

  • Mallam Dendo

  • Matsangaíce Dyuwayo, André Matade

  • Mirambo

  • Mujuru, Joyce Nhongo

  • Munyigumba

  • Museveni, Yoweri Kaguta

  • Ntchoréré, Charles

  • Ntoumi, Pasteur

  • Ojukwu, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu

  • Okigbo, Christopher Ifekandu

  • Roberto, Holden Alvaro

  • Rwigyema, Fred

  • Sarakikya, Mrisho

  • Savimbi, Jonas Malheiro

  • Sillah, Fode

  • Smuts, Jan Christiaan

  • Soglo, Christophe

  • Taddese Birru

  • Tariq ibn Ziyad

  • Tesemma Nadew

  • Ukasha, Tharwat

  • ʿUrabi, Ahmad Muhammad

  • ʿUthman Diqna

  • Valiente, Juan

  • Yhombi-Opango, Joachim

  • Zubayr Rahma Mansur, al-

Missionary, Christian

  • See alsoBible Translator.

  • Boilat, David

  • Capitein, Jacobus Elisa Johannes

  • Cary, Lott

  • Colenso, Harriette

  • Ekarte, Daniels

  • Fuller, Joseph Jackson

  • Grenfell, George

  • Javouhey, Anne-Marie

  • Julian

  • Kazahendike, Urieta

  • Livingstone, David

  • Maxeke, Charlotte

  • Moffat, Robert

  • Nassau, Robert Hamill

  • Philip, John

  • Protten, Christian

  • Quaque, Philip

  • Schmelen, Zara

  • Simango, Columbus Kamba

  • Slessor, Mary Mitchell

  • Soga, John Henderson

  • Todd, Reginald Stephen Garfield

  • Zenab, Caterina

Model

  • Nyabongo, Elizabeth

  • Rathebe, Dolly

Monarch

  • See alsoAncient Assyrian King; Ancient Egyptian Ruler/Pharaoh; Ancient Hellenistic Monarch; Ancient Kushite Ruler; Ancient Persian Monarch; Ancient Roman Figure; Ruler before 1800; Ruler since 1800; Sultan.

  • ʿAbbas Hilmi II

  • ʿAbd al-Karim

  • Afonso I

  • Afua Kobi

  • Ahmad Bukr

  • Álvaro I

  • Álvaro II Nimi a Nkanga

  • Amadu, Seku

  • Amina

  • Andrianampoinimerina

  • Arkamaniqo

  • Badi III

  • Behanzin, Aouagbe

  • Bhunu

  • Bocchus I

  • Bocchus II

  • Cetshwayo ka Mpande

  • Cwa I

  • Dawud

  • Dingane

  • Dinuzulu ka Cetshwayo

  • Diogo I

  • Djoumbe Fatima

  • Duhaga, Andereya Bisereko

  • Ezana of Aksum

  • Faruq

  • Fatuma

  • Flavius Nubel

  • Fuʾad I, Ahmad

  • Garcia II

  • Gawrang II, Abdul Rahman

  • Geiseric

  • George of Nubia

  • Gezo

  • Glele

  • Gudit

  • Hassan II

  • Herwennefer and Ankhwennefer

  • Hiempsal II

  • Idris

  • Idris Katakarmabe

  • Iloo, Makoko

  • João I

  • Juba I

  • Juba II

  • Jugurtha

  • Kabarega, Mukama

  • Kanté, Sumanguru

  • Katerega

  • Keïta, Sunjata

  • Kigeri IV

  • Kimweri ye Nyumbai

  • Kpengla

  • Kulubali, Mamari Biton

  • Labotsibeni

  • Leopold II

  • Lozikeyi Dhlodhlo

  • Makedda

  • ‘Mamohato Bereng Seeiso

  • Massinissa

  • Mawlay Ismaʿil

  • Mboj, Ndate Yala

  • Merkurios

  • Micipsa

  • Mma-Besi

  • Mohammed V

  • Mohammed VI

  • Mswati II

  • Mswati III

  • Muhammad ʿAli

  • Muhammed Ture

  • Musa, Mansa

  • Musinga, Yuhi V

  • Mutara III Rudahigwa

  • Mutebi II

  • Mwambutsa IV Bangiricenge

  • Mwanga, Basamula Danieri

  • Mwezi II

  • Nandi

  • Nectanebo II

  • Ngalifourou

  • Ngola Kiluanji

  • Njoya, Ibrahim Mbombo

  • Ntare II Rugamba

  • Ntare V Ndizeye

  • Nyanhehwe

  • Nzinga a Mbandi

  • Onanga Oyembo

  • Pedro III

  • Pheretime

  • Ptolemy of Mauretania

  • Qasa

  • Ranavalona I

  • Ranavalona II

  • Ranavalona III

  • Rasoherina

  • Ririkumutima

  • Sebastian of Portugal

  • Shaka Zulu

  • Shoshenq I

  • Silko

  • Sobhuza I

  • Sobhuza II

  • Sophoniba

  • Sulayman, Mansa

  • Sulayman Solong

  • Syphax

  • Tegbesu

  • Tiye

  • Verónica I

  • Victoria

  • Winyi IV, Tito

  • Zwangendaba

Monastic Figure, Christian

  • Anthony the Great

  • Gorgoryos

  • Iyasus Moa

  • Shenute

  • Tekle Haymanot (d. 1313)

  • Tesfa Seyon

Movie Maker.

  • SeeFilmmaker/Director/Screenwriter.

Musician

  • See alsoComposer; Singer.

  • ʿAbd al-Wahhab, Muhammad

  • Abraham Afewerki

  • Adé, King Sunny

  • Ahmad, ʿAisha Musa

  • Amrouche, Marguerite Taos

  • Amu, Ephraim Koku

  • Annabi, Amina

  • Atrash, Farid al-

  • Ayankunle, Lamidi

  • Bankole, Ayo

  • Bellow, Bella

  • B.Léza

  • Bemba, Sylvain Ntari

  • Blondy, Alpha

  • Caluza, Reuben Tholakele

  • Dabany, Patience

  • Dairo, Isaiah Kehinde

  • Diabaté, Siramori

  • Diabaté, Toumani

  • Dibango, Manu

  • Dimi Mint Abba

  • Evora, Cesaria

  • Fassie, Brenda

  • Gomes, Nácia

  • Hadad, Fatima

  • Kafeero, Paul Job

  • Kamaru, Joseph

  • Keïta, Salif

  • Khaled, Cheb

  • Kidjo, Angélique

  • K’naan Warsame

  • Kuti, Fela Anikulapo

  • Liking, Werewere

  • Lobo, Ildo

  • Lura

  • Maal, Baaba

  • Magogo kaDinuzulu, Constance

  • Mahmoud Ahmed

  • Makeba, Miriam Zenzi

  • Makiadi, Luambo

  • Masekela, Hugh Ramapolo

  • Matshikiza, Todd

  • Mbarga, Prince Nico

  • Mensah, E. T.

  • Morais, Luís Ramos

  • Mulatu Astatke

  • N’Dour, Youssou

  • Nimo, Koo

  • Okai, Kobina

  • Rathebe, Dolly

  • Rimitti, Cheikha

  • Rugamba, Cyprien

  • Sangare, Oumou

  • Schweitzer, Albert

  • Siti Binti Saadi

  • Soki Dianzenza, Émile

  • Soki Vangu, Maxime

  • Sontonga, Enoch Mankayi

  • Taha, Rachid

  • Tembo, Biggie

  • Tihihit, Fatima

  • Touré, Ali Farka

  • Wemba, Papa

  • Yemane Gebremichael

Musicologist

  • Ashenafi Kebede

  • Nimo, Koo

  • Nketia, J. H. Kwabena

  • Owuor Anyumba, Henry

Muslim Brotherhood Figure

  • Banna, Hasan al-

  • Hudaybi, Hasan Ismaʿil al-

  • Husayn, Kamal al-Din

  • Qaradawi, Yusuf al-

  • Qutb, Sayyid

Nationalist Figure

  • See alsoAnticolonial Figure.

  • ʿAli ʿAbd al-Latif

  • Baro Tumsa

  • Boubacha, Djamila

  • Bourhan, Ali Aref

  • Chipembere, Henry Blasius Masauko

  • Chisiza, Dunduzu Kaluli

  • Elemo Qilxuu

  • Fuda, Faraj ʿAli

  • Gahutu, Rémy

  • Haddad, Tahar al-

  • Haidar, Aminatou

  • Harbi, Mahamoud Farah

  • Hawad

  • Husayn, Ahmad

  • Husayn, Kamal al-Din

  • Kambona, Oscar Salathiel

  • Kariuki, Josiah Mwangi

  • Keen, John

  • Koinange wa Mbiyu

  • Kudjoe, Hannah

  • Misri, ʿAziz ʿAli al-

  • Mohamed, Bibi Titi

  • Nadim, ʿAbdallah al-

  • Nahhas, Mustafa al-

  • Ndlovu, Masotsha

  • Ojukwu, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu

  • Oneko, Achieng

  • Rashid Rida, Muhammad

  • Roberto, Holden Alvaro

  • Rodrigues, Deolinda

  • Rwagasore, Louis

  • Waaqoo Guutuu

  • Xitu, Uanhenga

  • Zaghlul, Saʿd

Nobel Prize Winner

  • Annan, Kofi Atta

  • Arafat, Yasser

  • Camus, Albert

  • Coetzee, J. M.

  • De Klerk, Frederik Willem

  • ElBaradei, Mohamed

  • Gordimer, Nadine

  • Le Clézio, Jean-Marie Gustave

  • Lessing, Doris

  • Luthuli, Albert John Mvumbi

  • Maathai, Wangari Muta

  • Mahfouz, Naguib

  • Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

  • Sadat, Muhammad Anwar al-

  • Schweitzer, Albert

  • Soyinka, Wole

  • Theiler, Max

  • Tutu, Desmond Mpilo

  • Zewail, Ahmed

Novelist/Fiction Writer

  • Abani, Chris

  • Abbe Gubegna

  • ʿAbd al-Rahman, ʿAʾishah

  • Abdulla, Muhammed Said

  • Aboulela, Leila

  • Abrahams, Peter Henry

  • Achebe, Chinua

  • Adichie, Chimamanda Ngozi

  • Afewerq Gebre Iyesus

  • Afrax, Maxamed Dahir

  • Agualusa, José Eduardo

  • Aidoo, Ama Ata

  • Alemseged Tesfai

  • Alkali, Zaynab Amina

  • Almeida, Germano de

  • Amrouche, Marguerite Taos

  • Armah, Ayi Kwei

  • Assis Júnior, António de

  • Bâ, Mariama

  • Bamboté, Makombo

  • Be’alu Girma

  • Bemba, Sylvain Ntari

  • Ben Jelloun, Tahar

  • Berhanu Zerihun

  • Beyala, Calixthe

  • Beyene Haile

  • Bhêly-Quénum, Olympe

  • Bin Jallun, ʿAbd al-Majid

  • Bosman, Herman Charles

  • Boudjedra, Rachid

  • Breytenbach, Breyten

  • Brink, André Philippus

  • Camus, Albert

  • Cardoso, Boaventura

  • Cassamo, Suleiman

  • Cheney-Coker, Syl

  • Chiziane, Paulina

  • Chona, Mainza Mathias

  • Choukri, Mohamed

  • Chraïbi, Driss

  • Coelho, João Paulo Borges

  • Coetzee, J. M.

  • Couto, Mia

  • Dangarembga, Tsitsi

  • Darko, Amma

  • Delany, Martin

  • Diop, Boubacar Boris

  • Diop, Ousmane Socé

  • Djebar, Assia

  • Dongala, Emmanuel Boundzéki

  • Duiker, Kabelo Sello

  • Durrell, Lawrence

  • Ekwensi, Cyprian Odiatu Duaka

  • El Saadawi, Nawal

  • Emecheta, Buchi

  • Fagih, Ahmed

  • Fagunwa, D. O.

  • Farah, Nuruddin

  • Fawwaz, Zaynab

  • Funtuwa, Bilkisu

  • Gakaara Wanjau

  • Germachew Tekle Hawariyat

  • Gologo, Mamadou El Bechir

  • Gordimer, Nadine

  • Gurnah, Abdulrazak

  • Haddis Alemayyehu

  • Hailu, Gebreyesus

  • Haqqi, Yahya

  • Haykal, Muhammad Husayn

  • Hazoumé, Paul

  • Head, Bessie Emery

  • Heliodorus of Emesa

  • Honwana, Luís Bernardo

  • Hove, Chenjerai

  • Ibn Tufayl

  • Ike, Chukwuemeka Vincent

  • Isegawa, Moses

  • Joubert, Elsa

  • Ka, Rokhaya Aminata Maïga

  • Kahiga, Samuel

  • Kane, Cheikh Hamidou

  • Kateb, Yacine

  • Kawni, Ibrahim al-

  • Ken Bugul

  • Kezilahabi, Euphrase

  • Khadra, Yasmina

  • Khosa, Ungulani Ba Ka

  • Kimenye, Barbara

  • Kourouma, Ahmadou

  • Kpomassie, Tété-Michel

  • Kyomuhendo, Goretti

  • La Guma, Alex

  • Lamko, Koulsy

  • Laye, Camara

  • Le Clézio, Jean-Marie Gustave

  • Lessing, Doris

  • Likimani, Muthoni Gachanja

  • Liking, Werewere

  • Lopès, Henri

  • Lopes, Manuel dos Santos

  • Mabanckou, Alain

  • Macgoye, Marjorie Oludhe

  • Magaia, Lina

  • Magona, Sindiwe

  • Mahfouz, Naguib

  • Maillu, David

  • Mamani, Abdoulaye

  • Mammeri, Mouloud

  • Marechera, Dambudzo

  • Matar, Hisham

  • McCall Smith, Alexander

  • Mda, Zanemvula “Zakes” Kizito Gatyeni

  • Meddeb, Abdelwahab

  • Mekonnen Endalkachew

  • Memmi, Albert

  • Millin, Sarah Gertrude

  • Mofolo, Thomas Mokopu

  • Monénembo, Tierno

  • Mongo Beti

  • Mqhayi, Samuel Edward Krune

  • Mubarak, ʿAli

  • Mulaisho, Dominic

  • Mungoshi, Charles

  • Mustaghanmi, ʿAhlam

  • Mutahi, Wahome

  • Mwangi, Meja

  • Nazareth, Peter

  • Ndebele, Njabulo

  • Ndongo-Bidyogo, Donato

  • Ngugi wa Thiong’o

  • Nimrod

  • Njau, Rebeka

  • Nkashama, Pius Ngandu

  • Nsue Angüe, María

  • Nwapa, Flora

  • Ogot, Grace Emily Akinyi

  • Okekwe, Promise Ogochukwu

  • Okri, Ben

  • Ole Kulet, Henry

  • Oliveira, Mário António Fernandes de

  • Omotoso, Kole

  • Ouologuem, Amadou Yambo

  • Oyeyemi, Helen Olajumoke

  • Oyono, Ferdinand

  • Paton, Alan Stewart

  • Pepetela

  • Peters, Lenrie

  • Pires, António

  • Plaatje, Solomon Tshekisho

  • Pliya, Jean

  • Rhaïs, Elissa

  • Ribas, Óscar Bento

  • Rif ʿat, Alifa

  • Rive, Richard Moore

  • Robert, Shaaban

  • Rui, Manuel

  • Sadji, Abdoulaye

  • Salih, al-Tayyib

  • Samkange, Stanlake

  • Saro-Wiwa, Ken

  • Schreiner, Olive Emilie Albertina

  • Sebbar, Leila

  • Sembène, Ousmane

  • Silva, Baltasar Lopes da

  • Sisulu, Elinor

  • Sony Labou Tansi

  • Sowande, Bode

  • Sow Fall, Aminata

  • Soyinka, Wole

  • Tadjo, Véronique

  • Tatamkhulu Afrika

  • Taymur, Mahmud

  • Tlali, Miriam Masoli

  • Tolkien, J. R. R.

  • Tutuola, Amos

  • Ubesie, Uchenna Anthony

  • Unigwe, Chika

  • Vassanji, Moyez Gulamhussein

  • Vera, Yvonne

  • Vieira, Luandino

  • Waberi, Abdourahman

  • Waciuma, Charity

  • Wattar, Tahir

  • Wicomb, Zoë

  • Xitu, Uanhenga

  • Yakubu, Balaraba Ramat

  • Zanga Tsogo, Delphine

  • Zayyat, Latifa al-

  • Zongo, Norbert

Nun/Female Religious

  • Fatou-Berre, Cecilia

  • Nengapeta, Marie-Clémentine Anuarite

  • Teresa Chicaba

  • Walatta Petros

Pacifist

  • Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand

  • Schreiner, Olive Emilie Albertina

Painter

  • See alsoArtist.

  • Afewerk Tekle

  • Boghossian, Skunder

  • Diba, Viyé

  • Edorh, Sokey

  • Enwonwu, Benedict Chukwukadibia

  • Gebre Kristos Desta

  • Lopes, Bertina

  • Malangatana Ngwenya

  • Matulu, Tshibumba Kanda

  • Michael Adonai

  • Ndiaye, Iba

  • Samba, Chéri

  • Seye, Younouss

  • Sy, Kalidou

  • Tall, Papa Ibra

  • Tallal, Chaʿibia

Pan-Africanist Figure

  • Abrahams, Peter Henry

  • Blyden, Edward Wilmot

  • Delany, Martin

  • Du Bois, W. E. B.

  • Fanon, Frantz

  • Farnana, M’fumu Paul Panda

  • Garvey, Amy Ashwood

  • Horton, James Beale Africanus

  • Padmore, George

  • Rodney, Walter

  • Touré, Ahmed Sékou

  • Tovalou-Quenum, Marc

  • Williams, Henry Sylvester

Pharmacist

  • Diop, Majhemout

  • Pharaoh.SeeAncient Egyptian Ruler/Pharaoh.

Philanthropist

  • Ducados, Henda

  • Fatima al-Fihri

  • Kidjo, Angélique

  • Ocloo, Esther Afua

  • Uthmana, Aziza

Philosopher

  • Afghani, Jamal al-Din Muhammad al-

  • Amo, Anton William

  • Camus, Albert

  • Chaeremon

  • Clement of Alexandria

  • Clitomachus

  • Diaw, Aminata

  • Hadrami, Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Muradi al-

  • Horapollon

  • Hountondji, Paulin

  • Hypatia

  • Ibn Bajjah

  • Ibn Rushd

  • Ibn Tufayl

  • Isaac Israeli ben Solomon

  • Kagame, Alexis

  • Maimonides, Moses

  • Mudimbe, V. Y.

  • Philo of Alexandria

  • Plotinus

Photographer

  • Cole, Ernest

  • Duggan-Cronin, Alfred

  • Goldblatt, David

  • Green, Jonathan Adagogo

  • Keïta, Seydou

  • Magubane, Peter

  • Sidibé, Malick

  • Stuart-Larrabee, Constance

  • Physician.See Medical Doctor/Medical Scientist.

Pilgrim

  • Ibn Twayr al-Janna

  • Musa, Mansa

Pilot

  • Chaoui, Touria

  • Markham, Beryl Clutterbuck

Playwright

  • Abbe Gubegna

  • Abdul-Hayy, Muhammad

  • Adichie, Chimamanda Ngozi

  • Agualusa, José Eduardo

  • Aidoo, Ama Ata

  • Alemseged Tesfai

  • Amadi, Elechi

  • Amiin, Cabdi Muxumed

  • Bate Besong, Jacobs

  • Berhanu Zerihun

  • Bongo, Pascaline

  • Boudjedra, Rachid

  • Brink, André Philippus

  • Césaire, Aimé

  • Choukri, Mohamed

  • Clark-Bekederemo, John Pepper

  • Dadié, Bernard Binlin

  • Easmon, Raymond Sarif

  • Fagih, Ahmed

  • Farah, Nuruddin

  • Fugard, Athol

  • Germachew Tekle Hawariyat

  • Haddis Alemayyehu

  • Hussein, Ebrahim

  • Ibn Daniyal, Shams al din Muhammad

  • Kateb, Yacine

  • Kebede Mikael

  • Kouyaté, Seydou Badian

  • Lamko, Koulsy

  • Lihamba, Amandina

  • Liking, Werewere

  • Liyong, Taban lo

  • Magona, Sindiwe

  • Marechera, Dambudzo

  • Mda, Zanemvula “Zakes” Kizito Gatyeni

  • Mengistu Lemma

  • Muhando, Penina

  • Mutahi, Wahome

  • Ngugi wa Thiong’o

  • Nkashama, Pius Ngandu

  • Omotoso, Kole

  • Onwueme, Tess Osonye

  • Oyeyemi, Helen Olajumoke

  • Oyono-Mbia, Guillaume

  • Pliya, Jean

  • Sanuʿ, Yaqub ibn Rafaʾil

  • Seboni, Barolong

  • Shawqi, Ahmed

  • Sibazuri, Marie-Louise

  • Sofola, Zulu

  • Sony Labou Tansi

  • Sowande, Bode

  • Soyinka, Wole

  • Sutherland, Efua Theodora

  • Terence

  • Tsegaye Gebre-Medhin

Poet

  • Abani, Chris

  • Abbe Gubegna

  • ʿAbdalla, Abdilatif

  • Abderrahman El Majdoub

  • Abdul-Hayy, Muhammad

  • Abranches, Henrique

  • Achebe, Chinua

  • Acholonu, Catherine Obianuju

  • Adichie, Chimamanda Ngozi

  • Agualusa, José Eduardo

  • Ahmad Zaki Abu Shadi

  • Amiin, Cabdi Muxumed

  • Angelou, Maya

  • Armah, Ayi Kwei

  • Asma’u, Nana

  • Avila Laurel, Juan-Tomas

  • Bahaʾ al-Din Zuhayr

  • Bamboté, Makombo

  • Barudi, Mahmud Sami al-

  • Bate Besong, Jacobs

  • Bekri, Tahar

  • Ben Jelloun, Tahar

  • Boudjedra, Rachid

  • Brathwaite, Edward Kamau

  • Breytenbach, Breyten

  • Carvalho, Ruy Duarte de

  • Casely-Hayford, Gladys May

  • Cavafy, Constantine

  • Césaire, Aimé

  • Cheney-Coker, Syl

  • Chimombo, Steve

  • Costa Alegre, Caetano de

  • Craveirinha, José

  • Cruz, Viriato Francisco Clemente da

  • Dada Masiti

  • Dadié, Bernard Binlin

  • De Kok, Ingrid

  • Diop, Birago Ismael

  • Diop, David Léon Mandessi

  • Diop, Ousmane Socé

  • Dioscorus of Aphrodito

  • Ezenwa-Ohaeto

  • Faïk-Nzuji Madiya, Clémentine

  • Gakaara Wanjau

  • Gebre Kristos Desta

  • Graça, Alda da

  • Grendon, Robert

  • Haddad, Tahar al-

  • Hadrawi

  • Hawad

  • Hemedi Abdallah bin Said el-Buhriy

  • Hove, Chenjerai

  • Husayn Jibril

  • Ibn al-Farid, ʿUmar bin ʿAli

  • Ibn Daniyal, Shams al din Muhammad

  • Ibn Rashiq

  • Ibrahim, Hafiz

  • Ismail Mire Elmi

  • Jabavu, Davidson Don Tengo

  • Jacinto, António

  • Joachim, Paulin

  • Juma Bhalo Sayyani, Ahmad Nassir

  • Kabadou, Mahmoud

  • Kamanda, Kama Sywor

  • Kandoro, Saadani Abdu

  • Kebede Mikael

  • Kezilahabi, Euphrase

  • Kgositsile, Willie

  • Kijumwa, Muhammad

  • Knopfli, Rui

  • Krog, Antjie

  • Lamko, Koulsy

  • Lara, Alda

  • Latino, Juan

  • Liyong, Taban lo

  • Liyongo, Fumo

  • Lopes, Manuel dos Santos

  • Luxorius

  • Mabanckou, Alain

  • Macgoye, Marjorie Oludhe

  • Magona, Sindiwe

  • Malangatana Ngwenya

  • Mamani, Abdoulaye

  • Mansour, Joyce

  • Mapanje, Jack

  • Marechera, Dambudzo

  • Massoudi, Mohamed El Beji al-

  • Mayengo, François-Médard

  • Mengistu Lemma

  • Mgqwetho, Nontsizi

  • Mnyampala, Mathias

  • Mohamed Hashi Dhamac

  • Mqhayi, Samuel Edward Krune

  • Msham, Mwanakupona Binti

  • Mtshali, Mbuyiseni Oswald Joseph

  • Mugo, Micere Githae

  • Mustaghanmi, ʿAhlam

  • Muyaka bin Haji al-Ghassaniy

  • Nimrod

  • Nkashama, Pius Ngandu

  • Nonnus of Panopolis

  • Okekwe, Promise Ogochukwu

  • Okigbo, Christopher Ifekandu

  • Okot p’Bitek

  • Okri, Ben

  • Oliveira, Mário António Fernandes de

  • Paccius Maximus

  • Pacéré, Titinga Frédéric

  • Peters, Lenrie

  • Qasim Muhyiddin al-Barawi, Sheikh

  • Raage Ugaas

  • Rabéarivelo, Jean-Joseph

  • Raqiq al-Qayarawani, al-

  • Reesom Haile

  • Ribka Sibhatu

  • Robert, Shaaban

  • Rugamba, Cyprien

  • Rui, Manuel

  • Saba Kidane

  • Santos, Marcelino dos

  • Seboni, Barolong

  • Senghor, Léopold Sédar

  • Shabbi, Abu al-Qasim al-

  • Shafik, Duriyya

  • Shawqi, Ahmed

  • Silva, Baltasar Lopes da

  • Si Mohand ou-Mohand n At Hmadouch

  • Siyad, William J. F.

  • Sony Labou Tansi

  • Sousa, Noémia de

  • Tadjo, Véronique

  • Tati-Loutard, Jean-Baptiste

  • Tavares, Ana Paula

  • Taymur, ʿAʾishah

  • Tchicaya U Tam’si

  • Tenreiro, Francisco

  • Tesemma Eshete

  • Tijani, Yusuf Bashir al-

  • Timacadde

  • Togane, Mohamud Siad

  • Tsegaye Gebre-Medhin

  • Tunbul, Hamzah al-Malik

  • Unigwe, Chika

  • Waberi, Abdourahman

  • Wheatley, Phillis

  • Yaasiin Cismaan Keenadiid

Political Activist

  • See alsoPolitical Party Figure; Politician.

  • Ahmad al-Bakkaʾi al-Kunti

  • Alexander, Neville Edward

  • Amin, Ali

  • Appiah, Joseph Emmanuel

  • Asmal, Kader

  • Ballinger, Margaret

  • Boraine, Alex

  • Boro, Isaac Adaka

  • Camara, M’Balia

  • Chibambo, Rose Ziba

  • Du Bois, W. E. B.

  • Gahutu, Rémy

  • Gomas, John

  • Govender, Pregs

  • Halimé, Hadjé

  • Jabavu, Davidson Don Tengo

  • Kamil, Mustafa

  • Kies, Ben

  • Kiir Mayardit, Salva

  • Macaulay, Jide

  • Machel, Josina

  • Martin-Cissé, Jeanne

  • Matthews, Zacharia Keodirelang

  • Nkurunziza, Pierre

  • Nyandoro, George Bodzo

  • Pepetela

  • Pretorius, Andries Wilhelmus Jacobus

  • Retief, Piet

  • Roux, Eddie

  • Sawaba, Gambo

  • Sesana, Roy

  • Sharmaarke, Yaasiin Xaaji Cismaan

  • Umuhoza, Victoire Ingabire

  • van Rensburg, Patrick

Political Party Figure

  • See alsoPolitical Activist; Politician.

  • Abbas, Ferhat

  • Arafat, Yasser

  • Aubame, Jean-Hilaire

  • Axmed, Cabdullaahi Yuusuf

  • Baranyanka, Pierre

  • Bunting, Sidney Percival

  • Casely-Hayford, Joseph Ephraim

  • Chitepo, Herbert

  • Cruz, Viriato Francisco Clemente da

  • Dongo, Margaret

  • Dube, John Langalibalele

  • Forster, Hannah

  • Garba-Jahumpa, Ibrahima Momodou

  • Hani, Chris

  • Iivula-Ithana, Pendukeni Maria

  • Jacinto, António

  • Koma, Kenneth

  • Kubai, Fred

  • La Guma, Alex

  • La Guma, James

  • Lembede, Anton Muziwakhe

  • Luthuli, Albert John Mvumbi

  • Madani, Abassi al-

  • Magaia, Lina

  • Mahama, Edward

  • Matante, Philip

  • Matsangaíce Dyuwayo, André Matade

  • Mbeki, Govan Archibald Mvuyelwa

  • McBride, Robert John

  • Mockey, Jean-Baptiste

  • Muhyi al-Din, Khalid

  • Ncube, Welshman

  • Nkumbula, Harry Mwaanga

  • Nzimiro, Mary

  • Palmer, Josie

  • Ramaphosa, Matamela Cyril

  • Sabri, Ali

  • Seme, Pixley Kaisaka

  • Sexwale, Mosima Gabriel

  • Silundika, Tarcisius Malan George

  • Simango, Uria Timotéo

  • Sisulu, Walter Max Ulyate

  • Slovo, Joe

  • Sobukwe, Robert Mangaliso

  • Soro, Guillaume Kigbafori

  • Tijani al-Tayyib Babikr, al-

  • Xuma, Alfred Bitini

  • Xuma, Madie Hall

  • Yacé, Philippe

Political Thinker/Political Theorist

  • Aké, Claude

  • Fuda, Faraj ʿAli

  • Kouyaté, Seydou Badian

  • Mwakikagile, Godfrey

  • Paton, Alan Stewart

  • Sayyid, Ahmad Lutfi al-

  • Snoussi, Mohamed Ben Othman al-

  • Tabata, Isaac Bangani

  • Traoré, Aminate Dramane

Politician

  • See alsoPolitical Activist.

  • ʿAbdallah Jammaʿ

  • ʿAbd al-Rahman al-Mahdi

  • Abdurahman, Abdullah

  • Abiola, Moshood Kashimawo Olawale

  • Abreha Tesemma

  • Adoula, Cyrille

  • Agboyibo, Yawovi Madji

  • Ahmed Dini Ahmed

  • Ahomadégbé-Tometin, Justin

  • Akintunde-Ighodalo, Folayegbe Mosunmola

  • Aklilu Habte Weld

  • Aku, Martin Andréas

  • Alier, Abel

  • Allafi, Agnes

  • Alliali, Camille

  • ʿAlluba, Muhammad ʿAli

  • Aman Mikael Andom

  • ʿAqqad, ʿAbbas Mahmud al-

  • Arafat, Yasser

  • Arboussier, Gabriel d’

  • Awolowo, Obafemi

  • Azhari, Ismaʿil al-

  • Badawi, Suʿad al-Fatih Mohammed al-

  • Bakary, Djibo

  • Balbus, Cornelius

  • Bangui, Antoine

  • Baro Tumsa

  • Barudi, Mahmud Sami al-

  • Bathoen II Seepapitso Gaseitsiwe

  • Bemba, Jean-Pierre

  • Boganda, Barthélemy

  • Bomani, Paul

  • Botsio, Kojo

  • Bourhan, Ali Aref

  • Chambas, Mohammed Ibn

  • Charwe

  • Chitepo, Victoria Fikile

  • Cummings-John, Constance

  • Dadoo, Yusuf Mohamed

  • Dagri-Diabaté, Henriette

  • Danquah, Joseph Boakye

  • Danquah, Mabel Dove

  • Darlan, Georges

  • Diagne, Blaise

  • Diallo, Yacine

  • Diouf, Galandou

  • Djadarab, Khalié Brahim

  • Dongo, Margaret

  • Edusei, Krobo

  • ElBaradei, Mohamed

  • Emmanuel Abraham

  • Emru Haile Selassie

  • Esan, Iyalode Wuraola Adepeju

  • Fahmi, ʿAbd al-ʿAziz

  • Farid, Muhammad

  • Foning, Françoise

  • Fundikira, Abdallah III

  • Gbedemah, Komla Agbeli

  • Gbedo, Marie Elise

  • Gebre Meskel Woldu

  • Gervais, Jeanne

  • Gobana Dacchi

  • Gomes, Isaura

  • Goumba, Abel

  • Graça, Alda da

  • Grendon, Robert

  • Habwe, Ruth

  • Hached, Farhat

  • Hama, Boubou

  • Hammi, Mohamed Ali al-

  • Haregot Abbay

  • Hasanayn, Ahmad Muhammad

  • Heruy Welde Sellasie

  • Hutton-Mills, Thomas

  • Ibrahim, Kashim

  • Ibrahim Sultan Ali

  • Issembe, Émile

  • Jabavu, John Tengo

  • Jaden, Aggrey

  • Jamal, Amir Habib

  • Japhet, Nkura Kirilo

  • Kabo, Bourkou Louise

  • Kaggia, Bildad

  • Kahama, George Clement

  • Kamil, Abdallah Mohamed

  • Kamougue, Wadal Abdelkader

  • Kane, Aïssata

  • Kano, Muhammad Aminu

  • Kapwepwe, Simon Mwansa

  • Karl-i-Bond, Nguza

  • Kéita, Aoua

  • Kenyatta, Margaret

  • Koinange, Peter Mbiyu

  • Kolélas, Bernard

  • Koulamallah, Ahmed

  • Kungu wa Karumba

  • Lameck, Lucy

  • Lisette, Gabriel

  • Lusinde, Job Malecela

  • Ly, Abdoulaye

  • Machar, Riek

  • Mahir, Ahmad

  • Mahir, ʿAli

  • Maillu, David

  • Mamboundou, Pierre

  • Marei, Sayyid

  • Mariano, Michael

  • Mba Abessolé, Paul

  • Mboro, Clement

  • Mboya, Tom

  • Mekonnen Desta

  • Meles Zenawi

  • Mengesha Yohannes

  • Mengistu Neway

  • Mpanga, Joyce Rovincer

  • Mubarak, Jamal

  • Muhyi al-Din, Khalid

  • Murumbi, Joseph

  • Nahhas, Mustafa al-

  • Neves, Maria das

  • Ngei, Paul Joseph

  • Ngilu, Charity Kaluki

  • Nguembang, Kaltouma

  • N’jie, Louise Antoinette

  • Nkumbula, Harry Mwaanga

  • Nsemi, Ne Mwanda

  • Nyagumbo, Maurice

  • Obetsebi-Lamptey, Emmanuel Odarquaye

  • Oduho, Joseph

  • Ojukwu, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu

  • Olympio, Gilchrist

  • Onyango, Grace Monica Akech

  • Osorkon III

  • Ouattara, Alassane Dramane

  • Poonoosamy, Radha

  • Ransome-Kuti, Funmilayo

  • Rawiri, Georges

  • Salim, Salah

  • Savanhu, Jasper

  • Savi de Tove, Jonathan

  • Sebarenzi, Joseph

  • Sidqi, Ismaʿil

  • Soglo, Rosine

  • Spartas, Reuben Ssedimbu Sebanjja Mukasa

  • Tchicaya, Jean-Félix

  • Tchitchelle, Stéphane

  • Tshisekedi, Étienne

  • Tsvangirai, Morgan

  • ʿUbayd, William Makram

  • Udjahorresne

  • Umuhoza, Victoire Ingabire

  • Van-Dúnem, Luzia Inglês

  • Vialle, Jane

  • Welde Giorgis Welde Yohannes

  • Woldeab Woldemaryam

  • Yakubu, Hawa

Pope, Catholic

  • Miltiades

Pope, Coptic

  • Cosmas III

  • Shenouda III of Alexandria

  • Timotheos

Potter

  • Odundo, Magdalene

President/Head of State

  • Abacha, Sani

  • ʿAbd al-ʿAziz, Muhammad

  • Acheampong, Ignatius Kutu

  • Ahidjo, Ahmadou

  • Akuffo, Fred

  • Akuffo-Addo, Edward

  • Amin, Idi Dada

  • Apithy, Sourou Migan

  • Aptidon, Hassan Gouled

  • Asfaha Welde Mikael

  • Azikiwe, Benjamin Nnamdi

  • Babangida, Ibrahim Badamosi

  • Banana, Canaan Sodindo

  • Banda, Hastings Kamuzu

  • Banda, Rupiah

  • Bashir, ʿUmar al-

  • Bédié, Henri-Konan

  • Ben Ali, Zine el-Abidine

  • Ben Bella, Ahmed

  • Bendjedid, Chadli

  • Bingu wa Mutharika

  • Biya, Paul

  • Bokassa, Jean Bedel

  • Bongo Ondimba, Omar

  • Botha, Pieter Willem

  • Boumedienne, Houari

  • Bourguiba, Habib

  • Bouteflika, Abdelaziz

  • Bozizé, François

  • Brand, Johannes Henricus

  • Buyoya, Pierre

  • Chiluba, Frederick

  • Chissano, Joaquim

  • Compaoré, Blaise

  • Conté, Lansana

  • Dacko, David

  • Daddah, Moktar Ould

  • Déby Itno, Idriss

  • De Klerk, Frederik Willem

  • Doe, Samuel Kanyon

  • Gbagbo, Laurent Koudou

  • Gnassingbé Eyadéma, Étienne

  • Gnassingbé Eyadéma, Faure Essozimna

  • Gowon, Yakubu Jack

  • Grunitzky, Nicolas

  • Guebuza, Armando

  • Guelleh, Ismail Omar

  • Habré, Hissène

  • Habyarimana, Juvénal

  • Hamani, Diori

  • Houphouët-Boigny, Félix

  • Isaias Afwerki

  • Jammeh, Yahya

  • Jawara, Dawda Kairaba

  • Johnson Sirleaf, Ellen

  • Jonathan, Goodluck

  • Kabbah, Ahmed Tejan

  • Kabila, Joseph

  • Kabila, Laurent-Désiré

  • Kagame, Paul

  • Kasa-Vubu, Joseph

  • Kaunda, Kenneth

  • Kayibanda, Grégoire

  • Keïta, Modibo

  • Kenyatta, Jomo

  • Kérékou, Chaad Mathieu

  • Khama, Ian

  • Khama, Seretse

  • Kikwete, Jakaya Mrisho

  • Kolingba, André

  • Konaré, Alpha Oumar

  • Kruger, Stephanus Johannes Paulus

  • Kufuor, John

  • Limann, Hilla

  • Lissouba, Pascal

  • Machel, Samora Moïses

  • Maga, Coutoucou Hubert

  • Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla

  • Massamba-Débat, Alphonse

  • M’Ba, Léon

  • Mbeki, Thabo Mvuyelwa

  • Menezes, Fradique de

  • Mengistu Haile Mariam

  • Micombero, Michel

  • Mills, John Evans Atta

  • Mobutu Sese Seko

  • Mogae, Festus

  • Moi, Daniel Torotich arap

  • Momoh, Joseph Saidu

  • Monteiro, António Manuel Mascarenhas

  • Mubarak, Muhammad Husni Saʿid

  • Mugabe, Robert Gabriel

  • Muluzi, Bakili

  • Museveni, Yoweri Kaguta

  • Muteesa II

  • Mwanawasa, Levy Patrick

  • Mwinyi, Ali Hassan

  • Naguib, Muhammad

  • Nasser, Gamal Abd al-

  • Natchaba, Fambaré Ouattara

  • Ndadaye, Melchior

  • Neto, Agostinho

  • Ngouabi, Marien

  • Nguema, Macías

  • Nimeiry, Jaʿfar al-

  • Nkrumah, Kwame

  • Nyerere, Julius

  • Obasanjo, Olusegun

  • Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, Teodoro

  • Obote, Apollo Milton

  • Olympio, Sylvanus Epiphanio

  • Oueddei, Goukouni

  • Ousmane, Mahamane

  • Patassé, Ange-Félix

  • Pereira, Aristides Maria

  • Pereira, Carmen

  • Perry, Ruth Sando

  • Pinto da Costa, Manuel

  • Qaddafi, Muʿammar al-

  • Rawlings, Jerry John

  • Rogombe, Rose Francine

  • Sadat, Muhammad Anwar al-

  • Sankara, Thomas

  • Santos, José Eduardo dos

  • Sassou-Nguesso, Denis

  • Senghor, Léopold Sédar

  • Siyad Barre, Mohamed

  • Soglo, Christophe

  • Soglo, Nicéphore

  • Stevens, Siaka Probyn

  • Taylor, Charles

  • Tedla Bairu

  • Teferi Benti

  • Tolbert, William Richard

  • Tombalbaye, François

  • Touré, Ahmed Sékou

  • Traoré, Moussa

  • Trovoada, Miguel

  • Tubman, William

  • Yayi, Thomas Boni

  • Youlou, Fulbert

  • Zuma, Jacob Gedleyihlekisa

Prime Minister

  • Ahomadégbé-Tometin, Justin

  • Angula, Nahas

  • Botha, Pieter Willem

  • Boye, Mame Madior

  • Busia, Kofi Abrefa

  • Buthelezi, Mangosuthu

  • Chona, Mainza Mathias

  • Diogo, Luísa Dias

  • Dlamini, Makhosini

  • Domitien, Elisabeth

  • Foncha, John Ngu

  • Geingob, Hage

  • Gitera, Joseph

  • Gizenga, Antoine

  • Goumba, Abel

  • Grunitzky, Nicolas

  • Hertzog, James Barry Munnik

  • Houngbédji, Adrien

  • Hussen, Abdirizak Haji

  • Kaggwa, Apollo

  • Kawawa, Rashid

  • Kenyatta, Jomo

  • Kinigi, Sylvie

  • Lumumba, Patrice Emery

  • Malan, Daniel François

  • Margai, Milton Augustus Strieby

  • Mekonnen Endalkachew

  • Mikael Emru

  • Neves, Maria das

  • Ngendandumwe, Pierre

  • Nuqrashi, Mahmud Fahmi al-

  • Ouattara, Alassane Dramane

  • Rushdi, Husayn

  • Sabri, Hasan

  • Samkange, Stanlake

  • Savané, Marie-Angélique

  • Sharmarke, Abdirashid Ali

  • Sirri, Husayn

  • Smith, Ian Douglas

  • Soro, Guillaume Kigbafori

  • Tafawa Balewa, Abubakar

  • Tharwat, ʿAbd al-Khaliq

  • Todd, Reginald Stephen Garfield

  • Tshisekedi, Étienne

  • Tshombe, Moïse Kapenda

  • Veiga, Carlos

  • Verwoerd, Hendrik Frensch

  • Yakan, ʿAdli

  • Yhombi-Opango, Joachim

  • Zaghlul, Saʿd

  • Ziwar, Ahmad

Prince/Princess

  • Asma’u, Nana

  • Fannu

  • Hangbe

  • Mbogo, Nuhu Kyabasinga

  • Mugwanya, Stanislaus

  • Nehanda

  • Ruete, Emily

  • Suʾda

  • Yaya Migansi

Prophet

  • See alsoMedium/Diviner.

  • Aline Sitoue Diatta

  • Cege wa Kibiru

  • Dual Diu

  • Emanuel, Christiana Abiodun

  • Ha-Mim

  • Husayn Jibril

  • Karnu

  • Kimbangu, Simon

  • Kimpa Vita, Dona Beatriz

  • Laye, Seydina Issa Rohou

  • Laye, Seydina Limamou

  • Lenshina, Alice Mulenga Lubusha

  • ’Mantsopa

  • Mbatiany

  • Ngundeng Bong

  • Nontetha Nkwenkwe

  • Ntsikana

  • Nyaruac Kolang

  • Olonana ole Mbatian

  • Salih ibn Tarif

  • Senteu ole Mbatian

Protestant Church Figure

  • Akudri Dada, Yoane

  • Asante, David

  • Baeta, Robert

  • Blyden, Edward Wilmot

  • Boesak, Allan

  • Bokeleale, Jean Itofo Bokambanza

  • Dundulu, Mantantu

  • Freeman, Thomas Birch

  • Gana, Moussa

  • Gatu, John

  • George, David

  • Guddinaa Tumsaa

  • King, Boston

  • Luvungi, Albert Lukusa

  • Mukasa, Ham

  • Ndoundou, Daniel

  • Oduyoye, Mercy

  • Onosode, Gamaliel Oforitsenere

  • Pelendo, Isaac

  • Protten, Christian

  • Reindorf, Carl Christian

  • Samkange, Thompson Douglas

  • Schweitzer, Albert

  • Setiloane, Gabriel

  • Soga, John Henderson

  • Soga, Tiyo

  • Tayye Gebre Maryam

  • Zemikael Aregawi

  • Queen.SeeMonarch; Ruler before 1800; Ruler since 1800.

Rabbi

  • Maimonides, Moses

Rebel/Rebel Leader

  • Abo, Wassis Hortense Léonie

  • Ager Gum

  • Bol, Kerubino Kuanyin

  • Elemo Qilxuu

  • Faqih ʿAli

  • Garang, John

  • Germame Neway

  • Inaros

  • Kalonji Ditunga, Albert

  • Khalil Ibrahim Muhammad

  • Kiir Mayardit, Salva

  • Lagu, Joseph

  • Oduho, Joseph

  • Sankoh, Foday

  • Soro, Guillaume Kigbafori

  • Surur, Eliaba James

  • Tacfarinas

  • ʿUrabi, Ahmad Muhammad

  • Waaqoo Guutuu

Roman Catholic Figure

  • See alsoBishop/Archbishop, Roman Catholic; Cardinal, Roman Catholic; Martyr, Roman Catholic; Nun/Female Religious; Pope, Catholic; Saint, Roman Catholic.

  • Arinze, Francis

  • Bakanja, Isidore

  • Bakhita, Josephine

  • Barakana, Gabriel

  • Biayenda, Émile

  • Boilat, David

  • Dery, Peter Poreku

  • Etsou-Nzabi-Bamungwabi, Frédéric

  • Fatou-Berre, Cecilia

  • Gantin, Bernardin

  • Kayoya, Michel

  • Kidane Maryam Kasa

  • Kiwanuka, Joseph Nnakabaale

  • Malula, Joseph Albert

  • Monsengwo, Laurent Pasinya

  • Mugwanya, Stanislaus

  • Nengapeta, Marie-Clémentine Anuarite

  • Nsubuga, Emmanuel Kiwanuka

  • Okogie, Anthony Olubunmi

  • Pliya, Jean

  • Soares de Resende, Sebastião

  • Souza, Isidore de

  • Teresa Chicaba

  • Tumi, Christian Wiyghan

  • Turkson, Peter Kodwo Appiah

  • Turmeda, Anselmo

  • Wamala, Emmanuel

  • Yaqob Gebre Iyesus

Ruler before 1800

  • Abdallah al-Ghalib

  • ʿAbd al-Malik I

  • ʿAbd al-Muʾmin

  • Abu al-Hasan ʿAli ibn Uthman

  • Abu Bakr ibn ʿUmar

  • Abu ʿInan Faris

  • Abu Muhammad ʿAbd al-Haqq II

  • Abu Yahya ibn ʿAbd al-Haqq

  • ʿAbu Yaʿqub Yusuf (d. 1307)

  • Abu Yusuf

  • Abu Yusuf Yaʿqub ibn ʿAbd al-Haqq

  • Agaja

  • Agonglo

  • Ahmad Bey the Bosniak

  • ʿAli Bey the Great

  • Ali Gajideni

  • ʿAli ibn Yusuf ibn Tashfin

  • Amanishaketo

  • Amasis

  • Badi IV

  • Badr al-Jamali, Abu al-Najm

  • Ber, Sonni Ali

  • Buluggin ibn Ziri

  • Dala Birni Bisse, Muhammad

  • Dingiswayo

  • Dunama Dibbalemi

  • Gatsi Rusere

  • Hwanjile

  • Ibn Rustam

  • Ibn Tumart, Muhammad

  • Ibn Yasin, ʿAbd Allah

  • Ibrahim ibn Aghlab

  • Ibrahim Kahya al-Qazdagh

  • Idris I

  • Idris II

  • Idris Alawma

  • Ishaq II

  • Ishaq ibn ʿAli

  • Jarjaraʿi, Ahmad al-

  • Judar Pasha

  • Kafur, Abu al- Misk

  • Kahina

  • Kaléb

  • Khayr al-Din

  • Kimera

  • Kusaila ibn Lamzam

  • Kwame, Osei

  • Lalibela

  • Liyongo, Fumo

  • Mahmud III

  • Mansur, Moulay Ahmad al-

  • Mbegha

  • Mikael Sehul

  • Muhammad Abu Likaylik

  • Muhammad al-Burtughali

  • Muhammad al-Shaykh

  • Mulambwa

  • Musa ibn Nusayr

  • Naa Zangina

  • Naweej I

  • Ndori

  • Ponko, Yamoa Ponko

  • Ridwan Bey al-Faqari

  • Sabun ʿAbd al-Karim

  • Salih ibn Tarif

  • Sayyida al-Hurra

  • Sitt al-Mulk

  • Tamim ibn al-Muʿizz ibn Badis

  • Tashfin ibn ʿAli

  • Tin Hinan

  • Tutu, Osei

  • Uthman Dan Fodio

  • Yaghmurasan

  • Yennenga

  • Yusuf ibn Tashfin, Abu Yaʿqub

  • Zaynab al-Nafzawiyya

Ruler since 1800

  • Abba Bagibo I

  • Abba Jifar II

  • Abba Jobir

  • Abdallahi Muhammad al-Taʾaishi

  • ʿAbdel-Kader

  • Adandozan

  • Aggrey, James Emman Kwegyir

  • Ahmed Ould Ahmed ʿAida

  • Akitoye

  • Akosua, Adoma

  • Andani II, Ya-Na Yakubu

  • Anek Mathiang Yak

  • Asantewa, Yaa

  • Awutiek

  • Bangassou

  • Barends, Barend

  • Bathoen I

  • Bathoen II Seepapitso Gaseitsiwe

  • Bell, Rudolf Duala Manga

  • Bello, Muhammad

  • Changamire, Dombo

  • Chitapankwa, Mutale Mutaka

  • Chwa, Daudi

  • Delobsom, Dim

  • Dingiswayo

  • Diop, Lat Dior

  • Dumbaya, Dala Modu

  • Endame Ndong, Félicien

  • Faku

  • Frefre, Opoku

  • Fundikira I

  • Gagoangwe

  • Gaki Sherocho

  • Gbudwe

  • Gilisho, Parsaloi Ole

  • Gulama, Ella Koblo

  • Gutu wa Kibetu

  • Hammuda Pasha

  • Heri, Bwana

  • Ibrahim Bey

  • Ibrahim Pasha

  • Ilen, Embet

  • Isike

  • Ismaʿil

  • Iye Idolorusan

  • Jaja of Opobo

  • Jootee Tulluu

  • Kaba, Fode

  • Kaboyo Olimi I

  • Kanemi, Muhammad al-

  • Kanuni

  • Kanyembo Ntemena

  • Kapuufi

  • Kasagama, Daudi

  • Khama III

  • Khama, Semane Setlhoko

  • Khama, Tshekedi

  • Kinyanjui wa Gathirimu

  • Kisabengo

  • Koinange wa Mbiyu

  • Kok III, Adam

  • Koko, Frederick William

  • Kumalo, Lobengula

  • Lamine, Mamadu

  • Langalibalele

  • Lewanika, Lubosi

  • Linchwe of the Bakgatla

  • Mandara

  • Mandume ya Ndemufayo

  • Marealle, Ndeghoruo Kilamia

  • Marealle, Thomas

  • Mawa

  • Mboj, Njembot

  • Mekonnen Welde Mikael

  • Meli

  • Mikael Ali

  • Minah V, Matilda Lansana

  • Mirambo

  • Mkwawa

  • Mlapa III

  • Mmanthatisi

  • Moremi, Elizabeth Pulane

  • Moshoeshoe I

  • Mpezeni

  • Msiri

  • Muhammad al-Fadl

  • Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Alawi

  • Muhammad Sharif

  • Mukenge, Kalamba

  • Mulambwa

  • Mumia wa Shiundu

  • Munyigumba

  • Muteesa I

  • Muteesa II

  • Mwakikonga

  • Mzilikazi Khumalo

  • Nasra bint ʿAdlan

  • Nehanda

  • Ngonyo

  • Ngungunyane

  • Nwagboka

  • Nyungu-ya-Mawe

  • Okwei

  • Olonana ole Mbatian

  • Orombo

  • Oyeeman Wereko Ampem II

  • Radama I

  • Rafai

  • Rapontchombo, Antchouwé Kowe

  • Rengua

  • Sabun ʿAbd al-Karim

  • Sahle Selassie

  • Sanusi, Muhammad al-

  • Sayyid bin Sultan

  • Sebele I

  • Seboko, Mosadi

  • Sechele I

  • Seeiso, Amelia ‘Matsaba ‘Mantsebo

  • Sekhukhune

  • Semboja

  • Shekulwavu

  • Sillah, Fode

  • Sina

  • Sousa, Manuel António de

  • Tekle Haymanot (1847–1901)

  • Toffa

  • Touré, Samori

  • Tovalou-Quenum, Joseph

  • Ugbabe, Ahebi

  • ʿUmar Tal

  • Uthman Dan Fodio

  • Wang’ombe

  • Wangu wa Makeri

  • Welde Mikael Selomon

  • Wubé Hayle Maryam

  • Yaji, Hamman

  • Yaʿqub ibn Killis

  • Yikwan, Akyaawa

  • Yoko of Senehun

  • Yusuf

  • Yusuf Mahmud Ibrahim

Saint, Early Christian

  • Anthony the Great

  • Athanasius of Alexandria

  • Augustine of Hippo

  • Cyprian of Carthage

  • Fulgentius of Ruspe

  • Monnica

  • Perpetua and Felicity

  • Typhasius

Saint, Ethiopian

  • Ewostatewos

  • Filippos

  • Iyasus Moa

  • Tekle Haymanot (d. 1313)

  • Walatta Petros

Saint, Islamic

  • Husayn of Bale

  • Jazuli, Muhammad al-

  • Mame Diarra Bousso

  • Manubiyya, ʿAʾisha al-

  • Zaynab bint Muhammad

Saint, Roman Catholic

  • Bakanja, Isidore

  • Bakhita, Josephine

  • Lwanga, Karoli

Scholar

  • See also Educator/Academic; Intellectual.

  • Acholonu, Catherine Obianuju

  • Ezenwa-Ohaeto

  • Gurnah, Abdulrazak

  • Horapollon

  • Ibn Twayr al-Janna

  • Mwakikagile, Godfrey

  • Rugamba, Cyprien

Scientist

  • See alsoArchaeologist; Astronomer; Geographer; Mathematician.

  • Abu Kamil Shuja

  • Chadid, Merieme

  • Dieng-Kuntz, Rose

  • Dongala, Emmanuel Boundzéki

  • Eratosthenes of Cyrene

  • Hero of Alexandria

  • Horton, James Beale Africanus

  • Ibn al-Haytham

  • Ibn Bajjah

  • Ibn Rushd

  • Kadima, Webe

  • Leakey, Mary Douglas

  • Marrakushi, Ibn al-Bannaʾ al-

  • Ngu, Victor Anomah

  • Roux, Eddie

  • Zewail, Ahmed

Scribe

  • Amina bint al-Hajj ʿAbd al-Latif

  • Dallington, Maftaa

Sculptor

  • See alsoWoodcarver.

  • Afewerk Tekle

  • Alexander, Jane

  • Anatsui, El

  • Camp, Sokari Douglas

  • Enwonwu, Benedict Chukwukadibia

  • Fakeye, Lamidi Olonade

  • Lopes, Bertina

  • Settler.SeeFarmer/Planter/Settler.

Sharia Case Figure

  • Lawal, Amina

Short-Story Writer.

  • See Novelist/Fiction Writer.

Singer

  • ʿAbd al-Wahhab, Muhammad

  • Annabi, Amina

  • Atrash, Farid al-

  • Bellow, Bella

  • Bongo, Pascaline

  • Diabaté, Siramori

  • Dimi Mint Abba

  • El Bidaoui, Ahmed

  • Evora, Cesaria

  • Fatuma Binti Baraka

  • Gomes, Nácia

  • Hadad, Fatima

  • Hafiz, Abd al-Halim

  • Kafeero, Paul Job

  • K’naan Warsame

  • Kulthum, Umm

  • Liking, Werewere

  • Lura

  • Mahmoud Ahmed

  • Masuka, Dorothy

  • Mtukudzi, Oliver

  • Murad, Layla

  • Rimitti, Cheikha

  • Sangare, Oumou

  • Siti Binti Saadi

  • Taha, Rachid

  • Tembo, Biggie

  • Touré, Ali Farka

  • Yemane Gebremichael

Slave

  • Amador

  • Bakhita, Josephine

  • Baquaqua, Mohammah Gardo

  • Bayano

  • Belinda

  • Cary, Lott

  • Chico Rei

  • Cugoano, Quobna Ottobah

  • Dallington, Maftaa

  • Equiano, Olaudah

  • Fortune, Amos

  • Gronniosaw, James Albert Ukawsaw

  • King, Boston

  • Kingsley, Anna Jai Magigdine

  • Kofi

  • Lima, Geraldo de

  • Makandal

  • Onesimus Nesib

  • Peters, Thomas

  • Philip of Mahdiyya

  • Selim Aga

  • Smart, Gumbu

  • Smith, Venture

  • Valiente, Juan

Slave Narrative Author

  • Baquaqua, Mohammah Gardo

  • Belinda

  • Equiano, Olaudah

  • Gronniosaw, James Albert Ukawsaw

  • Sancho, Ignatius

  • Selim Aga

  • Smith, Venture

Slave Owner

  • Kingsley, Anna Jai Magigdine

Slave Revolt Leader

  • Amador

  • Bayano

  • Chico Rei

  • Kofi

  • Makandal

Slave Trader

  • Correia, Aurelia

  • Heard, Betsy

  • Kaba, Fode

  • Kpengla

  • Lawrence, Fenda

  • Lima, Geraldo de

  • Mataka Nyambi

  • Robin John, Little Ephraim and Ancona

  • Santos e Silva, Ana Joaquina dos

  • Semboja

  • Skelton, Elizabeth Frazer

  • Smart, Gumbu

  • Tinubu, Efunroye

  • Vaz, Bibiana

  • Yaji, Hamman

  • Zubayr Rahma Mansur, al-

Social Activist

  • Ka, Rokhaya Aminata Maïga

  • Macaulay, Jide

  • Ruth-Rolland, Jeanne-Marie

  • Todd, Judith

Social Scientist

  • See alsoAnthropologist; Economist; Sociologist.

  • Gluckman, Max

  • Mamdani, Mahmood

Social Thinker/Social Critic

  • Amin, Qasim Muhammad

  • Du Bois, W. E. B.

  • Fanon, Frantz

  • Hanafi, Hasan

  • Haqqi, Yahya

  • Kayoya, Michel

  • Kingsley, Mary Henrietta

  • Memmi, Albert

  • Mernissi, Fatima

  • Musa, Salama

  • Nardal, Jane

  • Sow, Fatou

Sociologist

  • Busia, Kofi Abrefa

  • Savané, Marie-Angélique

Sports Figure/Athlete

  • Abebe Bikila

  • Bassey, Okon Asuquo

  • Boukpeti, Benjamin Kûdjow Thomas

  • Chipenda, Daniel

  • Coventry, Kirsty

  • Derartu Tulu

  • El Guerrouj, Hicham

  • Eusébio

  • Fall, Amadou M’barick

  • Haile Gebrselassie

  • Hasanayn, Ahmad Muhammad

  • Ihetu, Dick

  • Kader Coubadja Touré, Mohamed Abdel

  • Keino, Kip

  • Kenenisa Bekele

  • Milla, Roger

  • Mutola, Maria Lurdes

  • Njeuma, Dorothy L.

  • Okocha, Augustine Azuka

  • Olajuwon, Hakeem

  • Weah, George Manneh

  • Wharton, Arthur

Sufi Figure

  • Abu Madyan

  • Baba, Sidiyya

  • Husayn of Bale

  • Ibn al-Farid, ʿUmar bin ʿAli

  • Ibn al-Mashish al-Alami, Moulay Abdasalam

  • Ibn al-Nasir, Muhammad

  • Idris ibn Muhammad al-Arbab

  • Jazuli, Muhammad al-

  • Laye, Seydina Issa Rohou

  • Laye, Seydina Limamou

  • Mahmud, Abd al-Halim

  • Mame Diarra Bousso

  • Manubiyya, ʿAʾisha al-

  • Mirghani, Hasan al-

  • Muhammad ʿUthman al-Mirghani

  • Sanusi, Sayyid Muhammad bin ʿAli al-

  • Shaykhani Ould Muhammad al-Tulba

  • Sidi al-Mukhtar al-Kunti

  • Sidi Harazem

  • Sy, El Hajj Malik

  • Tierno Bokar

  • Tijani, Ahmed al-

Sultan

  • Abdallah al-Ghalib

  • ʿAbd al-Rahman ibn Ahmad Bukr

  • ʿAli Dinar bin Zakariya’

  • ʿAmara Dunqas

  • Aybak

  • Barquq

  • Barsbay

  • Baybars I

  • Malik al-Kamil, al-

  • Nasir, al-Malik al-

  • Qaʾitbay

  • Qalawun

  • Qansuh al-Ghawri

  • Saladin

  • Shajarat al-Durr

  • Teacher. SeeEducator/Academic.

Theologian

  • Akale Weld

  • Athanasius of Alexandria

  • Augustine of Hippo

  • Cyprian of Carthage

  • Donatus

  • Fulgentius of Ruspe

  • Guddinaa Tumsaa

  • Isaac Israeli ben Solomon

  • Maimonides, Moses

  • Oduyoye, Mercy

  • Origen

  • Setiloane, Gabriel

  • Suyuti, Jalal al-Din al-

  • Tertullian

  • Turmeda, Anselmo

Trader/Merchant/Entrepreneur

  • Aboubaker Ibrahim Chehem

  • ʿAli ibn Ibrahim

  • Alloron

  • Antera Duke Ephraim

  • Autshumao

  • Bannerman, James

  • Carvalho Alvarenga, Rosa de

  • Christian, George William

  • Conny, Jan

  • Correia, Aurelia

  • Dumbaya, Dala Modu

  • Heard, Betsy

  • Jaja of Opobo

  • Kisabengo

  • Kivui wa Mwendwa

  • Koulamallah, Ahmed

  • Krotoa

  • Lawrence, Fenda

  • Lima, Geraldo de

  • Lutete, Ngongo

  • Mandara

  • Msiri

  • Nwagboka

  • Okwei

  • Orombo

  • Santos e Silva, Ana Joaquina dos

  • Sarbah, John, the Elder

  • Semboja

  • Skelton, Elizabeth Frazer

  • Smart, Gumbu

  • Snees, Jantie

  • Tinubu, Efunroye

  • Tippu Tip

  • Tovalou-Quenum, Joseph

  • Van Riebeeck, Jan

  • Vaz, Bibiana

Trade Union Figure.

  • SeeLabor Union Figure.

Translator

  • See alsoBible Translator; Linguist.

  • Constantinus Africanus

  • Niane, Djibril Tamsir

Travel Writer

  • Dadié, Bernard Binlin

  • Eberhardt, Isabelle

  • Falconbridge, Anna Maria

  • Fuze, Magema

  • Ibn Battuta, Muhammad ibn Abdullah

  • Kingsley, Mary Henrietta

  • Leo Africanus

United Nations Secretary-General

  • Annan, Kofi Atta

  • Boutros-Ghali, Boutros

Vice President

  • Goumba, Abel

  • Mujuru, Joyce Nhongo

  • N’jie-Saidy, Isatou

  • Odinga, Jaramogi Oginga

  • Onyango, Grace Monica Akech

Warlord

  • Lutete, Ngongo

  • Zemio Ikpiro, Zande

Windmill Inventor

  • Kamkwamba, William

  • Woodcarver

  • See alsoSculptor.

  • Bandele Areogun, George

  • Fakeye, Lamidi Olonade

  • Writer. See Biographer/Autobiographer/Diarist; Classical Literary Figure; Novelist/Fiction Writer; Poet; Slave Narrative Author.