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Theodore Metochites (1270—1332)

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The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Nancy Patterson Ševčenko


(καββάδι〈ο〉ν), a caftan, probably of oriental origin, called the “costume of the ethnikoi” by Philotheos in 899 (Oikonomides, Listes 177.32–179.1), but a standard article of imperial and court costume by the 14th C. Among the officeholders who wore the kabbadion were the despotes, the megas doux, the megas logothetes, and the megas myrtaïtes (pseudo-Kod. 146.2, 153.18, 154.16–17, 166.13–14). To judge by the portrait at Chora of the megas logothetes Theodore Metochites, who is wearing a bluish-green caftan, the garment had long full sleeves, was belted, and had a gold-embroidered collar and borders along the sleeves and hem; unlike a tunic, the kabbadion apparently fastened down the front, and the twin front edges of the garment were also embroidered with gold. The kabbadion of Alexios Apokaukos in Paris, B.N. gr. 2144, fol.11r (Spatharakis, Portrait, fig.96), has tight sleeves and is decorated with roundels containing heraldic lions. According to pseudo-Kodinos (pseudo-Kod. 146.2–3, 153.18, 274.13–14), a kabbadion could also be violet or red and adorned with pearls. The texts suggest that it was worn over the skaranikon.


P.A. Phourikes, Peri tou etymou ton lexeon skaramangion, kabbadion, skaranikon, Lexikographikon archeion tes meses kai neas hellenikes 6 (1923) 463–66.Find this resource:

    Underwood, Kariye Djami 1:42.Find this resource:

      Nancy Patterson Ševčenko

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