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The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Nina G. Garsoïan


(Δούβιος or Τίβιον), early medieval capital of Armenia on the east bank of the Azat River some 20 km south-southeast of modern Erevan. Duin may have been founded in the 4th C. (Moses Xorenac῾i, 3:8 vs. pseudo-P῾awstos Buzand, 3:8), but it probably did not replace Artašat as capital until a century later. After the Arsacid dynasty fell in 428, Duin became the seat of the Persian and then the Arab governors of Armenia as well as of the Armenian katholikos until the 9th C. The city was captured by both Herakleios (623) and Constantine IV (652/3), but it did not remain in Byz. hands. In the Bagratid period Duin did not regain its status as capital; Muslim emirs controlled it more often than Armenian kings. The last Byz. attempt to reconquer Duin in 1045 failed.

Despite the great earthquake of 893 which nearly destroyed the city, recent excavations attest its importance, and both Prokopios (Wars 2.25.1–3) and 10th-C. Arab geographers praise Duin as an international trade center famous for its textiles. The city continued to flourish under the Zak῾arids when the Georgian queen T῾amara used it as her winter residence after 1203; only in the 14th C. did Duin gradually decline as a result of the Mongol conquest of Armenia.


N.G. Garsoïan, DMA 4:323–25.Find this resource:

    Manandyan, Trade and Cities 81f, 133f, 143f, 152, 154f, 169f.Find this resource:

      A. Ter-Ghewondyan, Chronologie de la ville de Dvin (Duin) aux 9e et 11e siècles, REArm n.s. 2 (1965) 303–18.Find this resource:

        K. Kafadarian, Les fouilles de la ville de Dvin (Duin), REArm n.s. 2 (1965) 283–301, cf. 459f.Find this resource:

          Nina G. Garsoïan