The code of monastic observance in England, drawn up and approved by the Synod of Winchester, which met some time between 970 and 973. Acc. to Aelfric, it would appear that the compilation was the work of St Ethelwold, though it was very prob. inspired by St Dunstan, to whom it was long attributed. Its provisions follow the Benedictine tradition of Benedict of Aniane, greatly influenced by the customaries of Fleury, Ghent, and elsewhere. Details are given of the liturgical functions of the day and year and the duties attached to various monastic offices. The important position accorded to the sovereigns as patrons of the monastic life, e.g. the intercession for the King and Queen after all parts of the Office, except Prime, is peculiar to England. Other English traditions were the allowance of a fire in winter and processions through the streets; notable also is the encouragement given to daily Communion.
Text repr. in
J. P. Migne, PL 137. 475–502. Crit. edns. by T. Symons, OSB (‘Medieval Classics’, 1953) and byFind this resource:
K. Hallinger, OSB, Consuetudinum saeculi X/XI/XII Monumenta Non-Cluniacensia (Corpus Consuetudinum Monasticarum, 7, pt. 3; Siegburg, 1984), 61–147.Find this resource:
The ‘Proem’ is also pr., with introd., in D. Whitelock, M. Brett, and C. N. L. Brooke (eds.), Councils & Synods …, I: a.d. 871–1204, 1 (Oxford, 1981), 133–41.Find this resource:
T. Symons, OSB, ‘Regularis Concordia. History and Derivation’, in D. Parsons (ed.), Tenth-Century Studies (1975), 37–59, 214–7.Find this resource: