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date: 22 June 2018

Queensland

Source:
Dictionary Plus Social Sciences
Author(s):
Neil MorrisNeil Morris

Queensland 

A state of north-east Australia; capital, Brisbane. Originally home to Aboriginal peoples, it was established in 1824 as a British penal settlement. It became part of New South Wales, was constituted a separate colony in 1859, and was federated with the other states of Australia in 1901. The Great Dividing Range separates the fertile coastal region from the wide stretch of inland plains. There is rainforest in the north, and the Great Barrier Reef lies off the coast. Cattle and sheep are reared, and the main agricultural exports are beef, sugar, wheat, and wool. Mining is important, and silver, lead, and zinc are mined at Mount Isa. Area 1,730,650 km2. Population (2011) 4,332,700.

Neil Morris