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date: 21 March 2019

Carham, battle of, 

A Dictionary of British History

John Cannon,

Robert Crowcroft

1018.*Malcolm II of Scotland with his ally Owain of Strathclyde took advantage of *Cnut's efforts to establish himself as ruler of England to invade Northumbria. He inflicted a severe defeat on the Northumbrians at Carham, south‐west of Coldstream. It meant a significant shift in the balance of power in the north, helping to establish the Tweed as the border.... ...

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