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The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names

John Everett-Heath

Taxila, Punjab/Pakistan 

Ruins. The present name is the Greek version of the Sanskrit name Takṣaśilā ‘The Rock of Takṣa’. According to the Rāmāyaṇa, the Indian epic, the city was founded by Bharata, the younger brother of Rāma, and named after his son, Takṣa, who was its first ruler. The city was destroyed by the Huns in the 7th century and was never rebuilt.