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Subscriber: null; date: 25 May 2018

a  

    • prep
    • 1.
    • (a) (indicando dirección) to;
      • voy a México/la tienda = I'm going to Mexico/to the shop;
      • voy a casa = I'm going home;
      • se cayó al río = she fell into the river
    • (b) (indicando posición):
      • estaban sentados a la mesa = they were sitting at the table;
      • a orillas del Ebro = on the banks of the Ebro;
      • se sentó al sol = he sat in the sun;
      • se sentó a mi derecha = he sat down on my right
    • (c) (indicando distancia):
      • a diez kilómetros de aquí = ten kilometers from here
    • 2.
    • (a) (señalando hora, momento) at;
      • a las ocho = at eight o'clock;
      • a la hora de comer = at lunch time;
      • ¿a qué hora vengo? = what time shall I come?;
      • a mediados de abril = in mid-April;
      • al día siguiente = the next o following day
    • (b) (señalando fecha):
      • hoy estamos a lunes/a 20 = today is Monday/it's the 20th today
    • (c)
      • al + inf : = se cayó al bajar del tren she fell as she was getting off the train;
      • al enterarse de la noticia = when he learnt o on learning the news
    • (d) (indicando distancia en el tiempo):
      • a escasos minutos de su llegada (después) = a few minutes after she arrived ; (antes) a few minutes before she arrived;
      • de lunes a viernes = (from) Monday to Friday
    • 3. (en relaciones de proporción, equivalencia):
      • tres veces al día = three times a day;
      • sale a 100 euros cada uno = it works out at 100 euros each;
      • a 100 kilómetros por hora = (at) 100 kilometers per hour;
      • nos ganaron cinco a tres = they beat us five three o (AmE) five to three
    • 4. (indicando modo, medio, estilo):
      • a pie/a caballo = on foot/on horseback;
      • a crédito = on credit;
      • funciona a pilas = it runs on batteries;
      • a mano = by hand;
      • a rayas = striped;
      • vestirse a lo punk = to wear punk clothes
    • 5.
    • (a) (introduciendo el complemento directo de persona):
      • ¿viste a José? = did you see José?;
      • no he leído a Freud = I haven't read (any) Freud
    • (b) (introduciendo el complemento indirecto) to;
      • le escribió una carta a su padre = he wrote a letter to his father, he wrote his father a letter;
      • dáselo a ella = give it to her;
      • les enseña inglés a mis hijos = she teaches my children English;
      • le echó (la) llave a la puerta = she locked the door
    • (c) (indicando procedencia):
      • se lo compré a una gitana = I bought it from o (colloq) off a gipsy