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harassment

harassment   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
103 words

... n. 1 Under amendments made in 1994 to the Public Order Act 1986 , an offence is committed when harassment, alarm, or distress is caused to the victim. Under the Protection from Harassment Act 1997 , harassment constitutes a criminal offence and victims of harassment may obtain restraining orders and damages where appropriate. See harassment of debtors ; harassment of occupier ; nuisance neighbours ; stalking ; threatening behaviour . 2 A form of prohibited * discrimination on grounds of sex, race, sexual orientation, belief, or disability...

harassment of debtors

harassment of debtors   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
125 words

... of debtors Behaviour designed to force a debtor or one believed to be a debtor to pay his debt. This is a criminal offence, punishable by fine, if the debt is based on a contract and the nature or frequency of the acts subject the debtor (or members of his household) to alarm, distress, or humiliation. Harassment also includes false statements that the debtor will face criminal proceedings or that the creditor is officially authorized to enforce payment and using a document that the creditor falsely represents as being official. The offence may overlap...

harassment of occupier

harassment of occupier   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
176 words

...tenancy. The Act does not apply, however, to a displaced residential owner, as opposed to a landlord ( see also forcible entry ). The Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001 (s 42A) states that it is an offence to harass a person in his home. The Protection from Harassment Act 1997 prohibits harassment; the offence is punishable with a jail sentence of up to five years. See also nuisance neighbours...

obscene telephone calls

obscene telephone calls   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
40 words

...telephone calls It is a * summary offence to make an obscene, offensive, or annoying telephone call. The maximum punishment is six months' imprisonment and/or a * fine on level 5 (Communications Act 2003 s 127; Protection from Harassment Act 1997...

racist abuse

racist abuse   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
74 words

...abuse * Harassment of someone as a consequence of the harasser's biased views of that person's racial origins. The Protection from Harassment Act 1997 provides that offenders who make others fear for their safety can be jailed. Section 32 of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 creates a racially or religiously aggravated form of this offence and offenders may receive for indictable offences jail sentences of up to two years, a fine, or...

eviction

eviction   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
164 words

...other occupier from occupation. Under the Protection from Eviction Act 1977 the eviction of a * residential occupier , other than by proceedings in the court, is a criminal offence. It is also an offence to harass a residential occupier to try to persuade him to leave ( see harassment of occupier ). If a mortgagee can take possession peaceably, no court order is required ( Ropaigealach v Barclay's Bank plc [ 2000 ] QB 263). Many tenants have statutory protection and the landlord must prove to a court that he has appropriate grounds for possession. Under the...

nuisance neighbours

nuisance neighbours   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
127 words

...The Protection from Harassment Act 1997 and the Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001 (s 42A) provide enhanced protection for those suffering * nuisance (including noise) from their neighbours. Restraining orders can be obtained, which require the offender to do what the court orders (e.g. not to communicate, go near, or harass their neighbours); in some circumstances * eviction may be ordered. Offenders threatening violence can be jailed for up to five years and/or be subjected to an unlimited fine; even if the harassment does not give rise to fear...

residential occupier

residential occupier   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
71 words

...or because other people are restricted by law from removing him. It is an offence to force a residential occupier to leave the property without complying with the proper procedure (Protection from Eviction Act 1977 ). See adverse occupation ; eviction ; forcible entry ; harassment of occupier...

sending distressing letters

sending distressing letters   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
88 words

...by the sender to be false. Sending an indecent or grossly offensive article is similarly punishable. The sender must have aimed to cause distress or anxiety. If the material contains a threat, there is a defence similar to that available on a * blackmail charge. See also harassment...

molestation

molestation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
115 words

...n. Behaviour that has the effect or intention of annoying or pestering one's spouse (or cohabitant) or children. Such an act need not involve violence or physical assault; harassment (for example by threatening letters or telephone calls) may constitute molestation. Under the Family Law Act 1996 , spouses (and in some cases unmarried cohabitants) can apply for a court injunction to prevent molestation ( see non-molestation order ). In addition magistrates' courts have similar powers under the 1978 Domestic Proceedings and Magistrates' Courts Act,...

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